Xijin Liu

Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wu-han-shih, Hubei, China

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Publications (2)2.73 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Temporal lobe epilepsy is associated with astrogliosis. Notch1 signaling can induce astrogliosis in glioma. However, it remains unknown whether Notch1 signaling is involved in the pathogenesis of epilepsy. This study investigated the presence of Notch1, hairy and enhancer of split-1, and glial fibrillary acidic protein in the temporal neocortex and hippocampus of lithium-pilocarpine-treated rats. The presence of Notch1 and hairy and enhancer of split-1 was also explored in brain tissues of patients with intractable temporal lobe epilepsy. Quantitative electroencephalogram analysis and behavioral observations were used as auxiliary measures. Results revealed that the presence of Notch1, hairy and enhancer of split-1, and glial fibrillary acidic protein were enhanced in status epilepticus and vehicle-treated spontaneous recurrent seizures rats, but remain unchanged in the following groups: control, absence of either status epilepticus or spontaneous recurrent seizures, and zileuton-treated spontaneous recurrent seizures. Compared with patient control cases, the presences of Notch1 and hairy and enhancer of split-1 were upregulated in the temporal neocortex of patients with intractable temporal lobe epilepsy. Therefore, these results suggest that Notch1 signaling may play an important role in the onset of temporal lobe epilepsy via astrogliosis. Furthermore, zileuton may be a potential therapeutic strategy for temporal lobe epilepsy by blocking Notch1 signaling.
    Neural Regeneration Research 03/2014; 9(5):526-33. · 0.14 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The 5-hydroxytryptamine 7 (5-HT(7)) receptor is the most recently classified member of the serotonin receptor family. The localization of 5-HT(7) receptors and the biological activity of its ligands have suggested that 5-HT(7) receptors might be involved in the pathogenesis of epilepsy. In the present study, we investigated the correlation between temporal lobe epilepsy and 5-HT(7) receptors using pilocarpine-induced rat models of temporal lobe epilepsy and surgical samples of temporal neocortex from intractable epilepsy patients. An analysis of electroencephalogram (EEG) and behavioral changes before and after the treatment of SB269970 hydrochloride (a selective 5-HT(7) receptor antagonist, 10 mg/kg, i.p.) and AS19 (a selective 5-HT(7) receptor agonist, 10 mg/kg, s.c.) demonstrated that in epileptic rats the activation of 5-HT(7) receptors could increase the number of seizures, which could be reduced by a 5-HT(7) receptor antagonist. Moreover, the expression of 5-HT(7) receptors was higher in the epilepsy group compared with the nonepileptic group in both rat and human brain tissues. The present results suggested that 5-HT(7) receptors participate in the pathogenesis of temporal lobe epilepsy, and a 5-HT(7) receptor antagonist may be used as a therapeutic alternative for temporal lobe epilepsy.
    European journal of pharmacology 04/2012; 685(1-3):52-8. · 2.59 Impact Factor