ABSTRACT: A sensitive simple method is presented for the determination of three major catecholamines in human urine by capillary electrophoresis (CE) with on-line chemiluminescence (CL) detection. This was also the first time that the luminol-Ag(III) complex CL system was used for CE detection. This method was based on the enhancing effect of epinephrine (EP), norepinephrine (NE), and dopamine (DA) on the CL reaction between luminol and the Ag(III) complex in alkaline solution. The separations and determinations were performed with an electrophoretic buffer consisting of 20.0mM sodium borate and 1.0mM luminol. Under optimized conditions, the three catecholamines were baseline separated and detected in less than 8 min. Detection limits of 7.9 × 10(-8)M, 1.0 × 10(-7)M, and 6.9 × 10(-8)M were observed for EP, NE, and DA, respectively. Relative standard deviation (RSD) values for the peak height were 4.7% to 5.4% (n = 5). Our proposed method was applied to the determinations of the catecholamines in urine samples from 12 healthy individuals and 26 pheochromocytoma patients. Our results suggest that this method might be useful to monitor the catecholamine levels in routine screening and to diagnose pheochromocytoma.
Analytical Biochemistry 04/2012; 427(1):10-7. · 3.00 Impact Factor