Felipe Conzuelo

Complutense University of Madrid, Madrid, Madrid, Spain

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Publications (13)55.18 Total impact

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: MicroRNAs (miRs) have emerged as important clinical biomarkers with both diagnostic and prognostic value for relevant diseases, such as cancer. MiRs pose unique challenges for detection and are currently detected by northern blotting, real-time PCR, and microarray techniques. These expensive, complicated, and time-consuming techniques are not feasible for on-site miR determination. In this study, amperometric magnetobiosensors involving RNA-binding viral protein p19 as a selective biorecognition element were developed for miR quantification. The p19-based magnetosensors were able to detect 0.4 fmol of a synthetic target and endogenous miR-21 (selected as a model for its role in a wide variety of cancers) in only 2 h in total RNA extracted from cancer cells and human breast-tumor specimens without PCR amplification and sample preprocessing. These results open up formidable perspectives for the diagnosis and prognosis of human cancers and for drug-discovery programs.
    Angewandte Chemie 04/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: MicroRNAs (miRs) have emerged as important clinical biomarkers with both diagnostic and prognostic value for relevant diseases, such as cancer. MiRs pose unique challenges for detection and are currently detected by northern blotting, real-time PCR, and microarray techniques. These expensive, complicated, and time-consuming techniques are not feasible for on-site miR determination. In this study, amperometric magnetobiosensors involving RNA-binding viral protein p19 as a selective biorecognition element were developed for miR quantification. The p19-based magnetosensors were able to detect 0.4 fmol of a synthetic target and endogenous miR-21 (selected as a model for its role in a wide variety of cancers) in only 2 h in total RNA extracted from cancer cells and human breast-tumor specimens without PCR amplification and sample preprocessing. These results open up formidable perspectives for the diagnosis and prognosis of human cancers and for drug-discovery programs.
    Angewandte Chemie International Edition 04/2014; · 13.73 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Disposable amperometric magnetosensors, involving a mixture of modified-magnetic beads (MBs), for the multiplex screening of cephalosporins (CPHs), sulfonamides (SAs) and tetracyclines (TCs) antibiotic residues in milk are reported for the first time in this work. The multiplexed detection relies on the use of a mixture of target specific modified magnetic beads (MBs) and application of direct competitive assays using horseradish peroxidase (HRP)-labeled tracers. The amperometric responses measured at -0.20V vs. the Ag pseudo-reference electrode of screen-printed carbon electrodes (SPCE) upon the addition of H2O2 in the presence of hydroquinone (HQ) as redox mediator, were used to monitor the extent of the different affinity reactions. The developed methodology, involving a simple and short pretreatment, allowed discrimination between no contaminated UHT and raw milk samples and samples containing antibiotic residues at the maximum residue limits (MRLs). The usefulness of the multiplexed magnetosensor was demonstrated by analyzing spiked milk samples in only 5min. The results demonstrated that a clear discrimination of milk samples contaminated with antibiotics at their MRL level or their mixtures, allowing the identification of milk not complying with current legislation. These features make the developed methodology a promising alternative in the development of user-friendly devices for on-site analysis to ensure quality control for dairy products.
    Analytica chimica acta 04/2014; 820:32-8. · 4.31 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The use of scanning electrochemical microscopy (SECM) for the qualitative and quantitative determination of sulfapyridine (SPY) in milk is described. A direct competitive immunoassay was performed involving an antibiotic horseradish peroxidase (HRP)-labeled analog and using selective capture antibodies immobilized on the surface of Protein G-modified glassy carbon plates. SECM detection was accomplished by means of the sample generator/tip collector (GC) mode involving the reduction of benzoquinone (BQ) generated upon the HRP-catalyzed oxidation of hydroquinone (HQ) at the modified substrate surface in the presence of H2O2. The detection limit for SPY in milk samples was as low as 0.13 ng mL−1.
    Electroanalysis 02/2014; · 2.82 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Rapid screening of multiple antibiotic residues in milk using disposable screen-printed carbon electrodes (SPCEs), a mixture of 3-target specific modified magnetic beads (MBs) and direct competitive assays using horseradish peroxidase (HRP)-labeled tracers.
    Analytica Chimica Acta. 01/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: The design, preparation and analytical performance of a novel integrated amperometric immunosensor based on the immobilization of selective capture antibodies on the surface of Protein G-modified screen-printed dual carbon electrodes (SPdCEs) for the multiplexed determination of sulfonamide and tetracycline antibiotics residues in milk is reported in this work. Protein G was covalently immobilized onto a 4-aminobenzoic acid (4-ABA) film grafted on the disposable electrode, and a direct competitive immunoassay using horseradish peroxidase (HRP)-labeled tracers was performed. The amperometric responses measured at -0.2V vs. the silver pseudo-reference electrode of the SPdCE upon the addition of H2O2 in the presence of hydroquinone (HQ) as mediator were used to monitor the extent of the immunoreactions. The developed methodology showed very low limits of detection (in the low ppb level) for sulfonamide and tetracycline antibiotics tested in untreated milk samples, and a good selectivity against other antibiotic residues frequently detected in milk and dairy products. The usefulness of the dual immunosensor was demonstrated by analyzing spiked milk samples as well as a reference milk containing a certified oxytetracycline (OTC) content. Good recoveries were attained in an analysis time of 30min.
    Biosensors & bioelectronics 06/2013; 50C:100-105. · 5.43 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The preparation, characterization and performance evaluation of an amperometric affinity disposable magnetosensor, based on the use of a recombinant penicillin-binding protein (PBP) and screen-printed carbon electrodes (SPCEs), for the specific detection and quantification of β-lactam antibiotic residues in milk are reported. The PBP was immobilized onto His-Tag-Isolation-modified magnetic beads (His-Tag-Isolation-MBs), and a direct competitive assay using a tracer with horseradish peroxidase (HRP) for the enzymatic labeling was performed. The amperometric response obtained at -0.20 V vs. the Ag pseudo-reference electrode of the SPCE after the addition of HO in the presence of hydroquinone (HQ) was used as the transduction signal. The developed methodology showed very low detection limits (in the low ppb level) for the 6 antibiotics tested in untreated milk samples, and a good selectivity against other antibiotic residues frequently detected in milk and dairy products. Due to the bioreceptor employed, this methodology was able to detect only the active form of β-lactam antibiotics with high affinities for both penicillins and cephalosporins. Moreover, the analysis took only 30 min.
    The Analyst 04/2013; 138(7):2013-22. · 4.23 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A novel strategy for the construction of disposable amperometric affinity biosensors is described in this work. The approach uses a recombinant bacterial penicillin binding protein (PBP) tagged by an N-terminal hexahistidine tail which was immobilized onto Co2+-tetradentate nitrilotriacetic acid (NTA)-modified screen-printed carbon electrodes (SPCEs). The biosensor was employed for the specific detection and quantification of β-lactam antibiotics residues in milk, which was accomplished by means of a direct competitive assay using a tracer with horseradish peroxidase (HRP) for the enzymatic labeling. The amperometric response measured at -0.20 V versus the Ag pseudoreference electrode of the SPCE upon the addition of H2O2 in the presence of hydroquinone (HQ) as redox mediator was used as the transduction signal. The developed affinity sensor allowed limits of detection to be obtained in the low part-per-billion level for the antibiotics tested in untreated milk samples. Moreover, the biosensor exhibited a good selectivity against other antibiotics residues frequently detected in milk and dairy products. The analysis time was of approximately 30 min.
    Analytical Chemistry 03/2013; · 5.70 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The preparation and performance of a disposable amperometric magneto-immunosensor, involving the use of a selective capture antibody immobilized on the surface of protein G-functionalized magnetic beads (ProtG-MBs) and screen-printed carbon electrodes (SPCEs), for the specific detection and quantification of tetracyclines (TCs) residues in milk is reported. A direct competitive immunoassay using a tracer with horseradish peroxidase (HRP) for the enzymatic labeling was performed. The amperometric response measured at -0.2 V vs. the silver pseudo-reference electrode of the SPCE upon the addition of H(2)O(2) in the presence of hydroquinone (HQ) as redox mediator was used as transduction signal. The developed methodology showed very low limits of detection (in the low ppb level) for 4 tetracycline antibiotics tested in untreated milk samples, and a good selectivity against other antibiotic residues frequently detected in milk and dairy products. The usefulness of the magneto-immunosensor was demonstrated by analyzing UHT whole milk samples spiked with 44 ng mL(-1) tetracycline (TC) as well as a reference milk containing a certified oxytetracycline (OTC) content. These features, together with the short analysis time (30 min), the simplicity, and easy automation and miniaturization of the required instrumentation make the developed methodology a promising alternative in the development of devices for on-site analysis.
    Analytica chimica acta 08/2012; 737:29-36. · 4.31 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The preparation and performance of a disposable amperometric immunosensor, based on the use of a selective capture antibody and screen-printed carbon electrodes (SPCEs), for the specific detection and quantification of sulfonamide residues in milk is reported. The antibody was covalently immobilized onto a 4-aminobenzoic acid (4-ABA) film grafted on the disposable electrode, and a direct competitive immunoassay using a tracer with horseradish peroxidase (HRP) for the enzymatic labeling was performed. The amperometric response measured at -0.2 V vs the silver pseudo-reference electrode of the SPCE upon the addition of H(2)O(2) in the presence of hydroquinone (HQ) as mediator was used as transduction signal. The developed methodology showed very low limits of detection (in the low ppb level) for 6 sulfonamide antibiotics tested in untreated milk samples, and a good selectivity against other families of antibiotics residues frequently detected in milk and dairy products. These features, together with the short analysis time (30 min), the simplicity, and easy automation and miniaturization of the required instrumentation make the developed methodology a promising alternative in the development of devices for on-site analysis.
    Biosensors & bioelectronics 04/2012; 36(1):81-8. · 5.43 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Two different D‐dimer disposable amperometric immunosensing designs based on indirect competitive or sandwich formats and the use of carboxylic acid‐modified magnetic beads (COOH‐MBs) and screen‐printed carbon electrodes (SPCEs) have been developed and compared. In both approaches, the resulting modified MBs were magnetically captured on the surface of a SPCE which was used as the transducer for the electrochemical detection at −0.20 V upon addition of H2O2, and hydroquinone (HQ). Both configurations exhibited linear ranges of clinical usefulness and detection limits quite below the clinical threshold (0.5 µg mL−1 D‐dimer). The sandwich configuration has been successfully tested with serum samples.
    Electroanalysis 01/2012; 24(12). · 2.82 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: An integrated amperometric biosensor for the determination of lactose is reported. The bioelectrode design is based on the use of a 3-mercaptopropionic acid (MPA) self-assembled monolayer (SAM)-modified gold electrode on which the enzymes beta-galactosidase (beta-Gal), glucose oxidase (GOD), peroxidase (HRP) and the mediator tetrathiafulvalene (TTF) are coimmobilized by a dialysis membrane. beta-Gal catalyzes the hydrolysis of lactose, and the produced glucose is catalytically oxidized to gluconic acid and H(2)O(2), which is reduced in the presence of HRP. This enzyme reaction is mediated by TTF, and the reduction of TTF(+) at 0.00 V (vs Ag/AgCl) gives rise to an amperometric signal proportional to the lactose concentration. The biosensor exhibits a good repeatability of the measurement carried out with the same biosensor, a good reproducibility of the responses obtained with different biosensors and a useful lifetime of 28 days. A linear calibration plot was obtained for lactose over the 1.5 x 10(-6) to 1.2 x 10(-4) M concentration range, with a limit of detection of 4.6 x 10(-7) M. The effect of potential interferents (sucrose, lactulose, fructose, arabinose, maltose, galactose, glucose and uric and ascorbic acids) on the biosensor response was evaluated. Furthermore, the bioelectrode exhibits a suitable performance in flow-injection systems in connection with amperometric detection. The developed biosensor was applied to the determination of lactose in milk and other foodstuffs (chocolate, butter, margarine, yogurt, cheese and mayonnaise), and the results obtained were validated by comparison with those provided by using a commercial enzyme test kit.
    Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 06/2010; 58(12):7141-8. · 2.91 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Integrated amperometric biosensors for the determination of L-malic and L-lactic acids were developed by coimmobilization of the enzymes L-malate dehydrogenase (MDH) and diaphorase (DP), or L-lactate oxidase (LOX) and horseradish peroxidase (HRP), respectively, together with the redox mediator tetrathiafulvalene (TTF), on a 3-mercaptopropionic acid (MPA) self-assembled monolayer (SAM)-modified gold electrode by using a dialysis membrane. The electrochemical oxidation of TTF at +100mV (vs. Ag/AgCl), and the reduction of TTF(+) at -50mV were used for the monitoring of the enzyme reactions involved in L-malic and L-lactic acid determinations, respectively. Experimental variables concerning the biosensors composition and the detection conditions were optimized for each biosensor. Good relative standard deviation values were obtained in both cases for the measurements carried out with the same biosensor, with no need of cleaning or pretreatment of the bioelectrodes surface, and with different biosensors constructed in the same manner. After 7 days of continuous use, the MDH/DP biosensor still exhibited 90% of the original sensitivity, while the LOX/HRP biosensor yielded a 91% of the original response after 5 days. Calibration graphs for L-malic and L-lactic were obtained with linear ranges of 5.2x10(-7) to 2.0x10(-5) and 4.2x10(-7) to 2.0x10(-5)M, respectively. The calculated detection limits were 5.2x10(-7) and 4.2x10(-7)M, respectively. The biosensors exhibited a high selectivity with no significant interferences. They were applied to monitor malolactic fermentation (MLF) induced by inoculation of Lactobacillus plantarum CECT 748(T) into a synthetic wine. Samples collected during MLF were assayed for L-malic and L-lactic acids, and the results obtained with the biosensors exhibited a very good correlation when plotted against those obtained by using commercial enzymatic kits.
    Talanta 05/2010; 81(3):925-33. · 3.50 Impact Factor