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Publications (5)25.26 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Acetaminophen (APAP) overdose causes hepatic necrosis and acute liver injury by inducing mitochondrial dysfunction and damage. Although the biochemical pathways that mediate APAP-induced hepatotoxicity have been well studied, the body's defense mechanism to attenuate this disease remains elusive. This study investigated the roles of adiponectin, an adipocyte-secreted adipokine with pleiotropic protective effects against obesity-related metabolic dysfunction, in the pathogenesis of APAP-induced liver injury in mice.
    Journal of Hepatology 05/2014; · 9.86 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Soluble C-X-C chemokine ligand 16 (CXCL16), a scavenger receptor for oxidized low density lipoprotein, has been shown to promote atherogenic effects in vivo and to predict long-term mortality in acute coronary syndrome. The aim of this study was to explore the association of circulating CXCL16 levels with diabetic subjects with and without renal disease. One hundred twenty Chinese subjects, which included patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), diabetic nephropathy (DN), and CKD, as well as healthy controls, were enrolled in this study. Serum CXCL16 levels were examined by immunoassay and other clinical biochemical parameters were tested based on standard methods. Our results indicated that, HDL and LDL cholesterol levels are significantly different in DN but not in T2D patients in comparison with healthy subjects. On the other hand, Serum CXCL16 levels were significantly increased in DN subjects compared with age and gender matched healthy and T2DM subjects (p<0.05 respectively). However, no significant changes in serum CXCL16 levels were found between T2DM and healthy subjects. Furthermore, serum CXCL16 concentration negatively correlated with estimated glomerular filtrate rate, creatinine clearance rate and blood albumin, and positively with 24 h proteinuria, blood urea nitrogen (BUN), creatinine, and uric acid after adjusting for age, gender and BMI in subjects with DN. Multiple stepwise regression analyses indicated that serum CXCL16 levels were independently associated with serum 24 h proteinuria, and BUN (p<0.05 respectively). Serum CXCL16 may be an indicator of renal injury in subjects with T2DM. Understanding the exact mechanism of elevated CXCL16 in subjects with DN requires further study.
    PLoS ONE 01/2014; 9(1):e87786. · 3.53 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Complement-C1q TNF-related protein 1 (CTRP1), a member of the CTRP superfamily, possesses anti-inflammatory and anti-diabetic effects in mice. However, the clinical relevance of CTRP1 has been seldom explored. The current study aimed to investigate the association of circulating CTRP1 and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) in a Chinese population. Serum CTRP1 and adiponectin levels of 96 T2DM patients and 85 healthy subjects were determined by ELISA, and their associations with adiposity, glucose and lipid profiles were studied. In a subgroup of this study, the 75-g oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) was performed in 20 healthy and 20 T2DM subjects to evaluate the relationship among serum levels of CTRP1 and adiponectin, insulin secretion and insulin sensitivity. Serum CTRP1 levels were significantly increased in patients with T2DM, compared with healthy controls (p<0.001). Similar to adiponectin, serum levels of CTRP1 were significantly correlated to several parameters involved in glucose metabolism and insulin resistance, and independently associated with fasting glucose levels (p<0.05) after BMI and gender adjustments. Furthermore, CTRP1 levels were positively correlated to insulin secretion, while negatively to insulin sensitivity, as measured by OGTT. CTRP1 is a novel adipokine associated with T2DM in humans. The paradoxical increase of serum CTRP1 levels in T2DM subjects may be due to a compensatory response to the adverse glucose and lipid metabolism, which warrants further investigation.
    PLoS ONE 01/2014; 9(5):e94478. · 3.53 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVES: Soluble C-X-C chemokine ligand 16 (CXCL16) was shown to recruit polymorphonuclear cells into synovial tissue in gout patients. The aim of this study was to explore the pathophysiological characteristics of CXCL16 in gout patients with or without chronic kidney disease (CKD). DESIGN AND METHODS: 42 gout patients, 22 CKD and 20 healthy subjects were enrolled. Plasma CXCL16 and other biochemical parameters were tested. RESULTS: Plasma CXCL16 levels in gout subjects with CKD were significantly increased compared with healthy, CKD and gout subjects without CKD. Soluble CXCL16 levels in gout subjects were closely correlated with renal function and lipid profiles, and independently associated with 24h proteinuria, creatinine clearance rate and C-reactive protein. CONCLUSION: Our data indicated that plasma CXCL16 levels are significantly increased in gout patients with and without CKD, and are independently associated with renal function. Elucidating the pathophysiologcial role of CXCL16 in gout patients requires further study.
    Clinical biochemistry 05/2012; · 2.02 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Fibroblast growth factor 21 (FGF21), an endocrine factor predominantly secreted from liver, possesses multiple beneficial effect on energy metabolism and insulin sensitivity in animals. This study aimed to investigate the acute change of serum FGF21 in response to glucose challenge in humans. A 75-g oral glucose tolerance test was performed among 20 healthy subjects, 18 with impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) and 21 with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Blood samples were collected for measurement of FGF21 and other biochemical parameters. The associations of FGF21 with insulin and other metabolic parameters were analyzed. Fasting serum FGF21 levels increased progressively from healthy, IGT to T2DM subjects (P < 0.05 for global trend). After oral glucose administration, the serum FGF21 level showed a similar biphasic change in all three groups. It declined to a nadir level at 60 min and then increased gradually to its peak level at 180 min. FGF21 levels at different time points of oral glucose tolerance test negatively correlated with glucose levels in all subjects, and the fold change of serum FGF21 at different time points (compared with the basal level) were inversely associated with fold changes of insulin (P = 0.012) and C-peptide (P = 0.043) levels in healthy subjects but not in IGT and T2DM patients. The dynamic change of circulating FGF21 was associated with alterations in insulin levels in response to glucose challenge in humans. These findings support the role of FGF21 as a potential regulator of insulin secretion and glucose metabolism in humans.
    The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism 04/2012; 97(7):E1224-8. · 6.31 Impact Factor