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ABSTRACT: The stimulation of cells by thrombin is associated with the release of microparticles (MPs) from cell membranes. These MPs can express procoagulant activity. As vitamin K antagonists (VKA) decrease the generation of thrombin, we compared plasma procoagulant phospholipids (PPL) levels in patients with a previous history of venous thrombosis who were being treated with VKA and compared them with an untreated group.
Plasma PPL were measured using a factor Xa-based coagulation assay. sGPV, a marker of platelet activation by thrombin, was measured by ELISA. Platelet MPs were also evaluated using standard flow cytometric techniques. Ninety-six VKA-treated patients and 80 patients not undergoing VKA therapy were tested and the results compared.
PPL activity was significantly reduced (p<0.0001) in VKA-treated patients compared with the untreated group. PPL were correlated with platelet and white blood cell count and with sGPV levels in the untreated group, but not in VKA-treated patients. PPL were correlated with fibrinogen levels in both groups, but not with C-reactive protein. Polymorphonuclear neutrophils (PMN) were significantly lower (p=0.01) in VKA-treated patients than in untreated patients.
The difference between PPL levels in VKA-treated patients and patients without treatment could be related to the decrease in PMN count. It remains to be established if this decrease of PPL is directly related to the capacity of activated PMN to generate MPs, or indirectly by reducing the amount of pro-inflammatory cytokines or reactive oxygen species produced by PMN.
Thrombosis Research 04/2012; 130(3):491-4. DOI:10.1016/j.thromres.2012.04.004 · 2.45 Impact Factor