Elio Costantino

Università degli studi di Foggia, Foggia, Apulia, Italy

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Publications (3)4.22 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Aim: The aim of the study was to investigate the effect of selective ETRA Sitaxsentan on viability and differentiation into myofibroblasts of lung fibroblasts derived from SSc-ILD patients and the ability of this drug to modify the lung fibroblast synthesis of VEGF, type I collagen and fibronectin. Methods: Primary human lung fibroblast cultures were obtained from BAL of SSc-ILD patients. Cell cultures were exposed for 48 h to crescent concentrations of Sitaxsentan (10 -6M to 10 -4M). In these experimental conditions we evaluated cell viability through crystal violet staining, the production and mRNA expression of VEGF, fibronectin and type I collagen respectively through ELISA and real-Time PCR. Further, we detected alpha-Smooth Muscle Actin (α-SMA) through immunocytochemical assay. Results: The lowest concentration of sitaxsentan (10-6M) did not affect fibroblasts viability; conversely at higher concentrations, sitaxsentan induced a significant inhibition of cell viability. Synthesis and mRNA expression of VEGF, type 1 collagen and fibronectin were significantly reduced in treated lung fibroblasts compared to the untreated ones, in a dose-dependent manner. At higher concentrations, Sitaxsentan reduced the expression of α-SMA. Conclusion: The results of this study show that sitaxentan is able in vitro to reduce both cell viability than production of VEGF and extra-cellular matrix components in SSc lung fibroblasts, confirming the anti-fibrotic potential of ETRA in SSc. The decreased expression of α-SMA in treated cells indicate that sitaxsentan may inhibit the fibroblast differentiation toward a myo-fibroblast phenotype and further support the hypothesis that the selective ETRAs may be beneficial in patients with SSc-ILD as anti fibrotic agents.
    Minerva medica 10/2013; 104(5):505-517. · 0.91 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The exact diagnosis of malignant pleural effusions (PE) is difficult and often requires combined procedures, because the cytological examination of pleural fluid does not detect tumoral cells in 40% of malignant effusion cases. The aim of this study was to analyze microsatellite alterations (MA) in malignant PE and to determine their diagnostic value as an additional test to cytological examination. The increase in cell-free DNA levels was also evaluated as a signal of probable malignancy. A total of 84 patients with PE were enrolled and underwent PE and whole blood and exhaled breath condensate analyses. Free DNA was measured by spectrophotometer analyses. DNA was extracted from all samples and analyzed for MA, using the microsatellite markers at chromosomes 3p, 12p, 5q, and 17p. The microsatellite analysis of PE exhibited a higher percentage of alterations in malignant PE than in benign PE. In addition to this, cell-free DNA in PE was seen to be significantly more elevated in malignant than in benign PE. The sensitivity of the sole cytology increased considerably when patients showed at least one MA or DNA>4 ng/μL in the PE. In conclusion, it was seen that the combination of the cytological examination with microsatellite analyses and cell-free DNA in pleural fluid could increase the sensitivity of the diagnosis in patients with PE who have a suspected malignancy, obviating the need for other invasive diagnostic procedures.
    Rejuvenation Research 05/2012; 15(3):265-73. DOI:10.1089/rej.2011.1260 · 3.31 Impact Factor
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