ABSTRACT: To describe a novel animal model of intrinsic sphincter deficiency.
The study was carried out on 10 female pigs. Injury to the urethral sphincter was induced by distension of the urethra. This was obtained by using the balloon of an 18-F Dufour catheter for 5 min followed by its retraction through the urethra without draining the balloon. The urethral pressure profile was evaluated before injury, immediately postinjury and at day 28 postinjury in the experimental group (n = 5), and on day 1 and day 28 in the control uninjured group (n = 5). The maximal urethral closure pressure, the functional urethral length and the area under curve of the urethral pressure profile were measured.
The mean maximal urethral closure pressure at the beginning of the experiment was 32 cmH(2) O, and the mean functional urethral length was 4.88 cm. The assessment at day 28 showed a reduction of the maximal urethral closure pressure (50% of the control, P > 0.05), the functional urethral length (52.5% of the control, P < 0.05) and the area under curve (52% of the control, P < 0.05) in injured pigs. Histologically, a fibrosis of the sphincter was detected without rupture of the muscle layer in all the samples.
The proposed porcine model can be used to obtain intrinsic sphincter deficiency-like urodynamic findings without rupturing the sphincter. This methodology can be applied to investigate therapies for intrinsic sphincter deficiency.
International Journal of Urology 05/2012; 19(7):676-82. · 1.75 Impact Factor