ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVES: The implications of positive surgical margin (PSM) extent and location during radical perineal prostatectomy (RPP) have not been assessed in a contemporary series. We aimed to examine the incidence, location, and extent of PSM as well as their impact on biochemical recurrence (BCR) following RPP. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 794 patients underwent RPP by a single surgeon between June 1993 and August 2010. Covariates included age, pathologic T stage, pathologic Gleason sum, preoperative PSA, prostate volume, PSM extent, and location. Life table, Kaplan-Meier, and Cox regression analyses assessed predictors of BCR following RPP. RESULTS: PSM were recorded in 162 patients (20.4%); of these, 83 (51.2%) were focal (≤1 mm) whereas 79 (48.8%) were broad (>1 mm). Location of PSM was anterior 10.5%, posterior or lateral 14.8%, bladder neck 23.5%, apical 32.1%, and multifocal 19.1%. At a median follow-up of 54 months, the 5-year BCR-free probability was 90.8% in patients with negative margins, 77.5% in patients with focal PSM, and 47.5% in patients with broad PSM. On multivariable analyses adjusted for age, pathologic T stage, pathologic Gleason sum, preoperative PSA, and prostate volume, broad PSM, (HR = 3.49, P < 0.001) as well as anterior (HR = 3.77, P = 0.003), bladder neck (HR = 2.25, P = 0.01) and multifocal (HR = 3.55, P < 0.001) PSM were independent predictors of BCR. CONCLUSIONS: In this study, we present oncologic outcomes following RPP in a large contemporary cohort of patients undergoing RPP. In adjusted analyses, broad and anterior PSM carried the highest risk of recurrence after RPP.
Urologic Oncology 04/2012; · 3.22 Impact Factor