ABSTRACT: To improve the recovery rate of high-risk patients with acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL), we used all-trans retinoic acid (ATRA)/arsenic trioxide (ATO)/daunorubicin combination in remission induction, daunorubicin and cytarabine in consolidation, and ATRA/ATO/methotrexate ± 6-mercaptopurine in maintenance treatment of APL patients with various risks for relapse. Our results showed a high complete remission rate of 95.3%. Excluding the cases of early-death, no significant differences in event-free survival were observed between the intermediate-risk and high-risk group (p = 0.393) and the low-risk and high-risk group (p = 0.162). In addition, there were no significant differences between the groups in cumulative incidence of central nervous system relapse. In conclusion, our results suggest that APL patients benefit from combination ATO/ATRA/chemotherapy, and that this regimen is especially beneficial for patients with high-risk prognostic factors.
Leukemia research 04/2012; 36(7):841-5. · 2.36 Impact Factor