He Chen

Peking University, Peping, Beijing, China

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Publications (6)8.38 Total impact

  • Tianguang Meng, He Chen
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    ABSTRACT: We investigate relationship between social capital and self-rated health (SRH) in urban and rural China. Using a nationally representative data collected in 2005, we performed multilevel analyses. The social capital indicators include bonding trust, bridging trust, social participation and Chinese Communist Party membership. Results showed that only trust was beneficial for SRH in China. Bonding trust mainly promoted SRH at individual level and bridging trust mainly at county level. Moreover, the individual-level bridging trust was only positively associated with SRH of urban residents, which mirrored the urban–rural dual structure in China. We also found a cross-level interaction effect of bonding trust in urban area. In a county with high level of bonding trust, high-bonding-trust individuals obtained more health benefit than others; in a county with low level of bonding trust, the situation was the opposite.
    Health & Place 01/2014; 27:38–44. · 2.42 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To assess the contributions of diseases to disability burden among older persons in China. Based on the 2006 China Disability Survey (n = 354,859), we used the attribution method and Sullivan method to obtain disability prevalence and life expectancy with disability (LED) by disease, respectively. At disease group level, ear, eye, circulatory and musculoskeletal diseases, injury, and poisoning were the five leading causes of disability burden in terms of their contributions to disability prevalence and LED. At individual disease level, presbycusis, cataracts, cerebrovascular disease, osteoarthritis, and unclassified injuries were the five leading conditions, which accounted for 64% of disabilities and caused males and females aged 60 to have 3.04 and 3.76 years of LED, respectively. Along with the epidemiologic transition, chronic conditions have become the predominant contributor to disability burden among elderly persons in China. And, presbycusis, cataracts, cerebrovascular disease, osteoarthritis, and unclassified injuries should be the priorities in ameliorating disability.
    Journal of Aging and Health 12/2013; · 1.56 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Traffic crashes have become the fifth leading cause of burden of diseases and injuries in China. More importantly, it may further aggravate the degree of health inequality among Chinese population, which is still under-investigated. Based on a nationally representative data, we calculated the concentration index (CI) to measure the socioeconomic inequality in traffic-related disability (TRD), and decomposed CI into potential sources of the inequality. Results show that more than 1.5 million Chinese adults were disabled by traffic crashes and the adults with financial disadvantage bear disproportionately heavier burden of TRD. Besides, strategies of reducing income inequality and protecting the safety of poor road users, are of great importance. Residence appears to counteract the socioeconomic inequality in TRD, however, it does not necessarily come to an optimistic conclusion. In addition to the worrying income gap between rural and urban areas, other possible mechanisms, e.g. the low level of post-crash medical resources in rural area, need further studies. China is one of the developing countries undergoing fast motorization and our findings could provide other countries in similar context with some insights about how to maintain socioeconomic equality in road safety.
    Accident; analysis and prevention 02/2013; 55C:101-106. · 1.65 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: This study estimated the investment in child development from three aspects-public health, public education, and family investment to establish the level of investment, to provide reference information for government decision making and to provide international comparisons. Public investment in health was measured with macro data related to public health spending and child development in government expenditure. Public education investment was based on basic education data. Family investment evaluation was based on per capita family consumer spending data in different age groups to estimate the input for child development. Both public health investment level and the proportion of GDP rose for all age groups over time, but the overall investment level was still insufficient. Public investment in children's education has increased year by year, but the trends in all age groups are unbalanced with much lower investment in early childhood education. Private investment in children has increased over the period, but has declined as a percentage of GDP. International comparisons show that Chinas investment in child development is much lower than OECD countries. The private investment in child development was the main way in China, with public finance contributing only a small proportion. Given the poor international comparisons, the government needs to review the balance of public investment to redirect more towards the development of children under the age of six to their health and education.
    Biomedical and Environmental Sciences 08/2012; 25(4):413-20. · 1.15 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Abstract This study aims to describe HIV/AIDS knowledge, contraceptive knowledge, and their relationships to condom use among unmarried youth in China, especially the mediating effect of consciousness. The first nationally representative survey data on sexual and reproductive health of unmarried Chinese youth was used and analysis was carried out according to the AIDS Risk Reduction Model. Among the sexually active respondents, about 30% had not used a condom during their most recent intercourse. Levels of both types of knowledge were low. HIV/AIDS knowledge was not significantly associated with condom use, even through the mediation of HIV/AIDS consciousness. And, communication about contraception between sexual partners played a key role in the disconnection between HIV/AIDS consciousness and condom use. By contrast, contraceptive knowledge and consciousness exhibited a larger effect on condom use. In conclusion, to increase condom use among unmarried youth in China, interventions and policies should provide more information to help youth build a store of systematic HIV/AIDS knowledge and help them realize the personal vulnerability to HIV/AIDS. Contraceptive knowledge and consciousness are also important factors to promote condom use. Besides, more of an effort should be made to improve youth's skill on communication and negotiation about condom use during sex. These conclusions are also useful to other countries with similar situation with China.
    AIDS Care 04/2012; · 1.60 Impact Factor
  • Zhonghua liu xing bing xue za zhi = Zhonghua liuxingbingxue zazhi 02/2010; 31(2):237-8.

Publication Stats

2 Citations
8.38 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2010–2014
    • Peking University
      • • School of Public Health
      • • Institute of Population Research
      • • Institute of Population Research
      Peping, Beijing, China