Salvador Morales-Conde

Universidad de Sevilla, Hispalis, Andalusia, Spain

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Publications (61)88.71 Total impact

  • Cirugía Española 06/2014; · 0.87 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In 2009, the European Hernia Society published the EHS Guidelines for the Treatment of Inguinal Hernia in Adult Patients. The Guidelines contain recommendations for the treatment of inguinal hernia from diagnosis till aftercare. The guidelines expired January 1, 2012. To keep them updated, a revision of the guidelines was planned including new level 1 evidence.The original Oxford Centre for Evidence-Based Medicine ranking was used. All relevant level 1A and level 1B literature from May 2008 to June 2010 was searched (Medline and Cochrane) by the Working Group members. All chapters were attributed to the two responsible authors in the initial guidelines document. One new chapter on fixation techniques was added. The quality was assessed by the Working Group members during a 2-day meeting and the data were analysed, especially with respect to any change in the level and/or text of any of the conclusions or recommendations of the initial guidelines. In the end, all relevant references published until January 1, 2013 were included. The final text was approved by all Working Group members.For the following topics, the conclusions and/or recommendations have been changed: indications for treatment, treatment of inguinal hernia, day surgery, antibiotic prophylaxis, training, postoperative pain control and chronic pain. The addendum contains all current level 1 conclusions, Grade A recommendations and new Grade B recommendations based on new level 1 evidence (with the changes in bold).Despite the fact that the Working Group responsible for it tried to represent most kinds of surgeons treating inguinal hernias, such general guidelines inevitably must be fitted to the daily practice of every individual surgeon treating his/her patients. There is no doubt that the future of guideline implementation will strongly depend on the development of easy to use decision support algorithms tailored to the individual patient and on evaluating the effect of guideline implementation on surgical outcome. At the 35th International Congress of the EHS in Gdansk, Poland (May 12–15, 2013), it was decided that the EHS, IEHS and EAES will collaborate from now on with the final goal to publish new joint guidelines, most likely in 2015.
    Hernia 04/2014; · 1.69 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The closure of a temporary stoma involves 2 different surgical procedures: the stoma reversal procedure and the abdominal wall reconstruction of the stoma site. The management of the abdominal wall has different areas that should be analyzed such us how to avoid surgical site infection (SSI), the technique to be used in case of a concomitant hernia at the stoma site or to prevent an incisional hernia in the future, how to deal with the incision when the stoma reversal procedure is performed by laparoscopy and how to close the skin at the stoma site. The aim of this paper is to analyze these aspects in relation to abdominal wall reconstruction during a stoma reversal procedure.
    Cirugía Española 02/2014; · 0.87 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Objective To prospectively evaluate the effect of weight loss after bariatric surgery on microvascular function in morbidly obese patients with and without metabolic syndrome (MetS).MethodsA cohort of morbidly obese patients with and without MetS was studied before surgery and after 12 months of surgery. Healthy lean controls were also examined. Microvascular function was assessed by postocclusive reactive hyperemia (PORH) at forearm skin evaluated by laser Doppler flowmetry (LDF). Cutaneous vascular conductance (CVC) was calculated from laser-Doppler skin blood flow and blood pressure. Regression analysis was performed to assess the contribution of different clinical, metabolic and biochemical parameters to microvascular functionResultsBefore surgery, 62 obese patients, 39 with MetS and 23 without MetS, and 30 lean control subjects were analyzed. The absolute area under the hyperaemic curve (AUCH) CVC of PORH was significantly decreased in obese patients compared to lean control subjects. One year after surgery, AUCH CVC significantly increased in patients free of MetS, including patients that had MetS before surgery. In contrast, AUCH CVC did not significantly change in patients in whom MetS persisted after surgery. Stepwise multivariate regression analysis showed that only changes in HDL cholesterol and oxLDL independently predicted improvement of AUCH after surgery. These two variables together accounted for 40.9% of the variability of change in AUCH CVC after surgery.Conclusions Bariatric surgery could significantly improve microvascular dysfunction in obese patients, but only in patients free of MetS after surgery. Improvement of microvascular dysfunction is strictly associated to postoperative increase in HDL-C levels and decrease in OxLDL levels.International Journal of Obesity accepted article preview online, 28 January 2014; doi:10.1038/ijo.2014.15.
    International journal of obesity (2005) 01/2014; · 5.22 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The introduction of laparoscopic surgery (LS) can be considered the most important advancement in our specialty in the past 25 years. Despite its advantages, implementation and consolidation has not been homogenous, especially for advanced techniques. The aim of this study was to analyse the level of development and use of laparoscopic surgery in Spain at the present time and its evolution in recent years. During the second half of 2012 a survey was developed to evaluate different aspects of the implementation and development of LS in our country. The survey was performed using an electronic questionnaire. The global response rate was 16% and 103 heads of Department answered the survey. A total of 92% worked in the public system. A total of 99% perform basic laparoscopic surgery and 85,2% advanced LS. Most of the responders (79%) consider that the instruments they have available for LS are adequate and 71% consider that LS is in the right stage of development in their environment. Basic laparoscopic surgery has developed in our country to be considered the standard performed by most surgeons, and forms part of the basic surgical training of residents. With regards to advanced LS, although it is frequently used, there are still remaining areas of deficit, and therefore, opportunities for improvement.
    Cirugía Española 01/2014; · 0.87 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The closure of a temporary stoma involves 2 different surgical procedures: the stoma reversal procedure and the abdominal wall reconstruction of the stoma site. The management of the abdominal wall has different areas that should be analyzed such us how to avoid surgical site infection (SSI), the technique to be used in case of a concomitant hernia at the stoma site or to prevent an incisional hernia in the future, how to deal with the incision when the stoma reversal procedure is performed by laparoscopy and how to close the skin at the stoma site. The aim of this paper is to analyze these aspects in relation to abdominal wall reconstruction during a stoma reversal procedure.
    Cirugía Española 01/2014; · 0.87 Impact Factor
  • Cirugía Española 01/2014; · 0.87 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The loss of mobility due to spinal cord injury is a risk factor for weight gain. Despite the well-documented outcomes of bariatric surgery in outpatients, little information is available about the surgery in paraplegic patients. We present two cases of patients with morbid obesity and spinal cord injury. After several attempts to lose weight conservatively, were assessed by the multidisciplinary team of our hospital and finally intervened by laparoscopic gastric bypass. After surgery have been no post-surgical complications. The patient in case 1, after two years of follow-up, a weight of 84 kg (BMI 25.08 kg/m2). Case 2, after a month of surgery has reduced weight and stopped taking antihypertensive therapy. It 's available to bariatric surgery as an important option to consider if all non-surgical interventions fail is highlighted.
    Nutricion hospitalaria. 01/2014; 29(n06):1447-1449.
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    ABSTRACT: Introduction The introduction of laparoscopic surgery (LS) can be considered the most important advancement in our specialty in the past 25 years. Despite its advantages, implementation and consolidation has not been homogenous, especially for advanced techniques. The aim of this study was to analyse the level of development and use of laparoscopic surgery in Spain at the present time and its evolution in recent years. Material and methods During the second half of 2012 a survey was developed to evaluate different aspects of the implementation and development of LS in our country. The survey was performed using an electronic questionnaire. Results The global response rate was 16% and 103 heads of Department answered the survey. A total of 92% worked in the public system. A total of 99% perform basic laparoscopic surgery and 85,2% advanced LS. Most of the responders (79%) consider that the instruments they have available for LS are adequate and 71% consider that LS is in the right stage of development in their environment. Conclusions Basic laparoscopic surgery has developed in our country to be considered the standard performed by most surgeons, and forms part of the basic surgical training of residents. With regards to advanced LS, although it is frequently used, there are still remaining areas of deficit, and therefore, opportunities for improvement.
    Cirugía Española 01/2014; · 0.87 Impact Factor
  • Surgical Endoscopy 11/2013; Surg Endosc (2014) 28:353–379. · 3.43 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Guidelines are increasingly determining the decision process in day-to-day clinical work. Guidelines describe the current best possible standard in diagnostics and therapy. They should be developed by an international panel of experts, whereby alongside individual experience, above all, the results of comparative studies are decisive. According to the results of high-ranking scientific studies published in peer-reviewed journals, statements and recommendations are formulated, and these are graded strictly according to the criteria of evidence-based medicine. Guidelines can therefore be valuable in helping particularly the young surgeon in his or her day-to-day work to find the best decision for the patient when confronted with a wide and confusing range of options. However, even experienced surgeons benefit because by virtue of a heavy workload and commitment, they often find it difficult to keep up with the ever-increasing published literature. All guidelines require regular updating, usually every 3 years, in line with progress in the field. The current Guidelines focus on technique and perioperative management of laparoscopic ventral hernia repair and constitute the first comprehensive guidelines on this topic. In this issue of Surgical Endoscopy, the first part of the Guidelines is published including sections on basics, indication for surgery, perioperative management, and key points of technique. The next part (Part 2) of the Guidelines will address complications and comparisons between open and laparoscopic techniques. Part 3 will cover mesh technology, hernia prophylaxis, technique-related issues, new technologic developments, lumbar and other unusual hernias, and training/education.
    Surgical Endoscopy 10/2013; · 3.43 Impact Factor
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    Surgical Endoscopy 09/2013; · 3.43 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The current tendency to use increasingly less aggressive procedures has facilitated the development of new minimally invasive techniques. In this context, single-port (SP) access procedures can become an alternative to the conventional laparoscopic approach. A total of 22 morbidly obese patients were submitted to pure SP Roux-en-Y gastric bypass without additional ports. Selection for this approach was based on distance from the xiphoid to the umbilicus less than 28 cm, body mass index (BMI) lower than 50 kg/m(2), and preferably peripheral obesity. Access to the cavity was obtained through a single transverse, transumbilical incision, with placement of a SILS Port device. The mean age of the patients was 41 ± 8.98 years, and 95 % of the patients were women. The mean BMI of the series was 42.68 ± 2.28 kg/m(2), and the mean body weight was 111.34 ± 10.66 kg. Surgery was performed successfully in all cases through a transumbilical incision with a mean length of 26.68 ± 5.27 mm. The mean surgical time was 114.05 ± 21 min, and the mean hospital stay was 3.27 ± 1.01 days. No intraoperative or immediate postoperative deaths or complications occurred. The median postoperative BMI during a mean follow-up period of 12 months was 28 kg/m(2) (range, 18-35 kg/m(2)). The median weight loss was 39 kg, and the percentage loss of excess body weight was 86 %. In relation to improvement of the comorbidities, two of the three patients with arterial hypertension showed normalization of their blood pressure values. Likewise, the blood glucose levels were corrected in two of the three diabetic patients, as well as in the patient with altered fasting blood glucose. Single-port Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery seems to be a safe, viable, and reproducible technique, but randomized studies involving larger patient series and longer follow-up periods are needed to compare the SP access and the multiple-port laparoscopic approach.
    Surgical Endoscopy 07/2013; · 3.43 Impact Factor
  • Cirugía Española 07/2013; · 0.87 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: The literature dealing with abdominal wall surgery is often flawed due to lack of adherence to accepted reporting standards and statistical methodology. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The EuraHS Working Group (European Registry of Abdominal Wall Hernias) organised a consensus meeting of surgical experts and researchers with an interest in abdominal wall surgery, including a statistician, the editors of the journal Hernia and scientists experienced in meta-analysis. Detailed discussions took place to identify the basic ground rules necessary to improve the quality of research reports related to abdominal wall reconstruction. RESULTS: A list of recommendations was formulated including more general issues on the scientific methodology and statistical approach. Standards and statements are available, each depending on the type of study that is being reported: the CONSORT statement for the Randomised Controlled Trials, the TREND statement for non randomised interventional studies, the STROBE statement for observational studies, the STARLITE statement for literature searches, the MOOSE statement for metaanalyses of observational studies and the PRISMA statement for systematic reviews and meta-analyses. A number of recommendations were made, including the use of previously published standard definitions and classifications relating to hernia variables and treatment; the use of the validated Clavien-Dindo classification to report complications in hernia surgery; the use of "time-to-event analysis" to report data on "freedom-of-recurrence" rather than the use of recurrence rates, because it is more sensitive and accounts for the patients that are lost to follow-up compared with other reporting methods. CONCLUSION: A set of recommendations for reporting outcome results of abdominal wall surgery was formulated as guidance for researchers. It is anticipated that the use of these recommendations will increase the quality and meaning of abdominal wall surgery research.
    Hernia 05/2013; · 1.69 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Seroma after laparoscopic ventral hernia repair (LVHR) has been related to certain complications of the technique, such as recurrences and postoperative pain. The aim of this study was to assess whether percutaneous application of fibrin sealant in the hernia sac after LVHR reduces the incidence and volume of the postoperative seroma, and to analyze whether the percentage of patients achieving complete normalization of the abdominal wall increases. METHODS: Prospective and comparative study. Patients were distributed into 2 control-case groups. Group 1 comprised patients submitted to LVHR using the double crown technique and a compressing bandage as the only method for prevent seroma. Group 2 comprised patients admitted to LVHR using the same technique together with percutaneous injection of fibrin sealant in the sac, and later applying the same bandage. Patients were examined clinically and radiologically at 7 days, 1 month, and 3 months after surgery. RESULTS: Twenty-five patients were included in each group. There were significant differences in the incidence of seroma by the day 7 after surgery (92 % in group 1 vs. 64 % in group 2, p = 0.017) and by 1 month (72 % in group 1 vs. 28 % in group 2, p = 0.002). The difference was also significant regarding the achievement of normalization of the abdominal wall by day 7 (24 % in group 1 vs. 52 % in group 2, p = 0.041) and by month 1 (64 % in group 1 vs. 88 % in group 2, p = 0.047) after operation. Volume of seroma was larger among patients of group 1 after the week (p = 0.002) and 1 month after operation (p = 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Fibrin sealant application after LVHR reduces the incidence and volume of the seroma 7 days and 1 month after surgery. The treated patients obtain a larger normalization of the abdominal wall 1 week and 1 month after the operation.
    Surgical Endoscopy 03/2013; · 3.43 Impact Factor
  • Salvador Morales-Conde
    Cirugía Española 01/2013; 91(1):1–3. · 0.87 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Single port laparoscopic surgery is becoming an alternative to conventional laparoscopic surgery as a new approach where all the conventional ports are gathered in just one multichannel port through only one incision. Appling this technical development, we have developed a new technique based on an intragastric approach using a single port device assisted by endoscopy (I-EASI: intragastric endoscopic assisted single incision surgery) in order to remove benign gastric lesions and GIST tumors placed in the posterior wall of the stomach or close to the esophagogastric junction or the gastroduodenal junction. We present a patient with a submucosal gastric tumor placed near the esophagogastric junction removed with this new approach.
    Case reports in gastrointestinal medicine. 01/2013; 2013:391430.
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    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Parastomal hernia is a frequent complication of intestinal stomata. Mesh repair gives the best results, with the mesh inserted via laparotomy or laparoscopically. It was the aim of this retrospective multicenter study to determine the early and late results of the laparoscopically performed, modified Sugarbaker technique with ePTFE mesh. METHODS: From 2005 to 2010, a total of 61 consecutive patients (mean age = 61 years), with a symptomatic parastomal hernia, underwent laparoscopic repair using the modified Sugarbaker technique with ePTFE mesh. Fifty-five patients had a colostomy, 4 patients an ileostomy, and 2 a urostomy according to Bricker. The records of the patients were reviewed with respect to patient characteristics, postoperative morbidity, and mortality. All patients underwent physical examination after a follow-up of at least 1 year to detect a recurrent hernia. Morbidity rate was 19 % and included wound infection (n = 1), ileus (n = 2), trocar site bleeding (n = 2), reintervention (n = 2), and pneumonia (n = 1). One patient died in the postoperative period due to metastasis of lung carcinoma that caused bowel obstruction. Concomitant incisional hernias were detected in 25 of 61 patients (41 %) and could be repaired at the same time in all cases. A recurrent hernia was found in three patients at physical examination, and in one patient an asymptomatic recurrence was found on a CT scan. The overall recurrence rate was 6.6 % after a mean follow-up of 26 months. CONCLUSION: The laparoscopic Sugarbaker technique is a safe procedure for repairing parastomal hernias. In our study, the overall morbidity was 19 % and the recurrence rate was 6.6 % after a mean follow-up of 26 months. Moreover, the laparoscopic approach revealed concomitant hernias in 41 % of the patients, which could be repaired successfully at the same time.
    Surgical Endoscopy 10/2012; · 3.43 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Aim: Exposing the complications of surgical gastrostomies used as way of home enteral nutritional support (HEN) and detecting the differences between the two techniques used in our environment: Open Surgery vs Laparoscopic Surgery. Material and methods: Retrospective descriptive observational study of the surgical gastrostomies performed between 1994 and 2009 followed up by our unit. Have been analyzed the complications detected in our practice during the follow-up of patients with HEN performed via open laparotomy vs. laparoscopic tecniques, assessing: leaks of gastric fluid to the exterior, abdominal wall irritation, presence of exudate, presence of exudate with positive culture that required antibiotical treatment, burning or loss of substance of the periostomic zone, breach of balloon, decubitus ulcer caused by the tube and formation of granuloma. Results: Between 1994 and 2009, 57 surgical gastrostomies were performed: 47 using the conventional laparotomic (open) tecnique and 10 laparoscopies. The average age of the patients was 57.51 ± 17.29 years old. The most common cause for the performance of surgical gastrostomy was esophageal cancer (38.6%) followed by neurologic alterations (26.3%) and head and neck tumors (26.3%). 97.9% of the patients who underwent to surgical gastrostomy presented at least one complication, meaning that only 2.1% were free of complications; meanwhile, 50% of the patients were laparoscopic gastrostomy was performed had none of these complications. The most common complications were the presence of leaks of gastric fluid and abdominal wall irritation that appeared on 89.4% and 83% respectively of the laparotomic gastrostomies versus the presence of only 30% of both complications in laparoscopic gastrostomies being the difference statistically significant (p < 0.01). Conclusions: After the introduction of the laparoscopic technique in the performance of surgical gastrostomies has been observed a decrease of the complications occured during the home enteral nutritional support related to surgical gastrostomies.
    Nutricion hospitalaria: organo oficial de la Sociedad Espanola de Nutricion Parenteral y Enteral 08/2012; 27(4):1304-1308. · 1.31 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

459 Citations
88.71 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2009–2014
    • Universidad de Sevilla
      Hispalis, Andalusia, Spain
  • 2008–2014
    • Hospital Universitario Virgen del Rocío
      • Department of General Surgery
      Hispalis, Andalusia, Spain
  • 2009–2010
    • Mexican Association of Laparoscopic Surgery
      Miguel Hidalgo, The Federal District, Mexico
  • 2001–2005
    • Hospital Universitario Virgen Macarena
      Hispalis, Andalusia, Spain