Sasivimol Rattanasiri

Ramathibodi Hospital, Krung Thep, Bangkok, Thailand

Are you Sasivimol Rattanasiri?

Claim your profile

Publications (40)84.17 Total impact

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: AimTo compare the effects of ethinyl estradiol (EE) 30 mcg/desogestrel 150 mcg plus spironolactone 25 mg/day (group A) versus EE 35 mcg/cyproterone acetate 2 mg (group B) on hyperandrogenism and metabolism in PCOS.Methods This was a randomized clinical study. Eighteen women in groups A and B received medications for three cycles. Acne score, androgens and metabolic parameters were assessed before and after treatment.ResultsOne and two women in groups A and B, respectively, were excluded from the study. Both groups had significantly decreased acne score and free androgen index, and increased sex hormone-binding globulin levels. Cholesterol and high-density lipoprotein were significantly increased in group B, and androstenedione was significantly decreased in group A. The regular withdrawal bleeding was obtained in both groups.Conclusion Both regimens had quite similar efficacy on hyperandrogenism after three cycles of therapy and without any changes in metabolic parameters.
    Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research 11/2014; · 0.84 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Since some retrospective studies have given inconsistent findings about innervation in adenomyosis, its role in the pain mechanism is still inconclusive.
    08/2014; 97(8):791-7.
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: IntroductionThe aim of this study was to conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis for determining the effects of prehospital adrenaline administration on return of spontaneous circulation, hospital admission, survival to discharge and discharge with cerebral performance category 1 or 2 in out-of-hospital cardiac arrest patients.MethodsMEDLINE and Scopus databases were searched to identify studies reported to March 2014. Study selection and data extraction were independently completed by two reviewers (PA and SR). The baseline characteristics of each study and number of events were extracted. Risk ratios were pooled. Heterogeneity and publication bias were also explored.ResultsIn total 15 studies were eligible and included in the study. Of 13 adult observational studies, 4 to 8 studies were pooled for each outcome. These yielded a total sample size that ranged from 2381 to 421,459. A random effects model suggested that patients receiving prehospital adrenaline were 2.89 times (95% CI: 2.36, 3.54) more likely to achieve prehospital return of spontaneous circulation than those not administered adrenaline. However, there were no significant effects on overall return of spontaneous circulation (RR¿=¿0.93, 95% CI: 0.5, 1.74), admission (RR¿=¿1.05, 95% CI: 0.80, 1.38) and survival to discharge (RR¿=¿0.69, 95% CI: 0.48, 1.00).Conclusions Prehospital adrenaline administration may increase prehospital return of spontaneous circulation, but it does not improve overall rates of return of spontaneous circulation, hospital admission and survival to discharge.
    Critical care (London, England) 07/2014; 18(4):463. · 4.72 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Objectives De novo donor-specific HLA antibodies (DSA) are associated with allograft rejection and allograft loss. However, not all DSA are equally detrimental to allograft function. The ability to activate complement may be an important factor differentiating clinically relevant DSA from nonrelevant DSA. The C1q assay detects a subset of HLA antibodies that can fix complement. This study aimed to investigate the correlation between C1q-fixing de novo DSA (dnDSA) and clinical outcomes posttransplant. Methods This retrospective study included 193 sera from kidney transplant recipients who underwent posttransplant DSA testing and/or kidney biopsy for clinical causes. Thirty-five of the 193 (18.1%) had immunoglobulin G DSA. Seventeen of the 35 patients were excluded owing to the presence of pretransplant HLA antibodies. We then analyzed C1q DSA at the time of biopsy in 18 recipients who developed dnDSA. The clinical outcomes of patients with C1q-positive DSA and C1q-negative DSA were compared. Results C1q-positive DSA were detected in 10 of 18 patients (55.6%). The incidences of transplant glomerulopathy were significantly higher among patients with C1q-positive DSA than patients with C1q-negative DSA (80% vs 0%; P = .001). Although patients with C1q-positive DSA experienced more chronic antibody-mediated rejection and graft loss (80% vs 37.5% [P = .145]; 60% vs 25% [P = .188]), the differences were not significant. The receiver operating characteristic curve analysis showed that the C1q assay was an excellent predictor of transplant glomerulopathy with area under the curve of 0.9 (95% CI, 0.769–1.000). Conclusion The presence of C1q-positive dnDSA was associated with an increased risk of transplant glomerulopathy. The C1q assay is potentially a powerful method for identifying patients at risk for transplant glomerulopathy.
    Transplantation Proceedings 01/2014; 46(2):368–371. · 0.95 Impact Factor
  • Matchuporn Sukprasert, Sasivimol Rattanasiri, Kungpu Xu
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Whole genome amplification (WGA) is a very important step in providing sufficient DNA templates for many high-throughput genetic analyzes. WGA approaches can be subdivided into PCR- or non-PCR-based methods. The PCR amplification category includes PEP-PCR, DOP-PCR and linker-adapter PCR, but only the linker-adapter PCR is suitable for application in preimplantation genetic diagnostic screening because it provides the necessary rapid turnaround time. Evaluate the ability of linker-adapter WGA commercial kits by using half volume compare with full volume of the reagent amplified DNA extracted from single cell fibroblast. Single cell fibroblast was used based on known genetic profiles. The authors reduced the volume of the reagent and compared the DNA yields and fragmented DNA products with yields and products using the original protocol. Our result did not show a significant difference between the amount of DNA products between full and half volume method (4.72 vs. 4.89 microg, p-value = 0.56). We achieve a slightly different of fragmented length of WGA products, full volume of reagent received slightly longer length than half volume (502.83 vs. 478.30 bp, p-value = 0.19). In this study we have shown that the half volume of the reagent of linker-adapter WGA method amplified DNA extracted from single cell fibroblast was comparable DNA yield and DNA fragmented length with the original method. We need further study extrapolate to evaluate the outcome.
    Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand = Chotmaihet thangphaet 11/2013; 96(11):1491-7.
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to examine the effects of estradiol valerate (EV) on the thickness of clomiphene citrate (CC)-stimulated endometrium. Thirty-four normal ovulatory women were randomized double-blindly into two groups to receive CC 100 mg/day on day 2-6 of the treatment cycle, and either vitamin B (placebo) or EV 6 mg/day on day 10-14 of the cycle. The endometrial thickness, endometrial pattern, numbers of mature follicles, and maximal diameters of preovulatory follicles were evaluated by transvaginal sonographic examination. Thirty women completed both treatment cycles. Two other participants dropped out during the treatment due to side-effects (headache). The average endometrial thickness of the group treated with CC + placebo became slightly thinner when compared to the thickness at the baseline (9.04 vs 9.52 mm; P = 0.24). The CC + placebo and the CC + EV resulted in similar endometrial pattern, ovulation day, numbers of mature follicles, and sizes of the leading follicles before ovulation. However, an addition of EV into the CC cycle significantly increased the average endometrial thickness (10.7 mm vs 9.04 mm; P < 0.001). We concluded that the addition of 6 mg/day EV following the CC treatment can prevent the endometrial thinning without perturbing folliculogenesis and ovulation.
    Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research 08/2013; · 0.84 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: INTRODUCTION: Kidney retransplantation is a high-risk procedure that is increasingly performed because of previous graft failure. The aim of this study was to determine the long-term outcomes of kidney retransplantations compared with first kidney transplantations under the current era of immunosuppression. METHODS: Since the first retransplantation in Thailand was performed in 1993, this study included all consecutive cases registered in the Thai Transplantation Registry database from January 1993 to December 2011. A total of 3337 kidney transplantations were available for the analysis. Graft loss was defined as a return to dialysis or graft removal. Death with a functioning graft was censored. RESULTS: Of 3337 kidney transplantations during the study period, 113 were second and 3 were third transplantations. Among these 116 retransplantations, the most common identified causes of end-stage renal disease were chronic glomerulonephritis (38.8%), followed by hypertensive nephropathy (13.0%), diabetic nephropathy (6.0%), and lupus nephritis (1.7%). The retransplantation recipients were older (mean age, 46.2 ± 12.8 years) than the first transplantation group (mean age, 42.2 ± 12.8 years). The proportion of living-related kidney transplantations and male sex were similar between first and retransplantation recipients. Fourteen percent of retransplantation recipients showed high immunologic risk as defined by current panel reactive antibodies ≥30% compared with 3% of those in the first transplantation group (P < .001). The percentages of induction therapy with antithymocyte globulin and anti-interleukin-2 antibody in the retransplantation and first transplantation groups were 18.3% versus 4.3% and 60.0% versus 32.6%, respectively. The graft survival rates (95% confidence interval [CI]) at 1, 5, and 10 years were 88.6% (80.7-93.3), 87.3% (79.1-92.5), and 74.4% (53.7-86.9) among retransplantation, versus 95.0% (94.1-95.7), 87.0% (85.5-88.5), and 70.7% (67.4-73.8) among first transplantation groups, respectively (P = .63). Patient survival rates were not different between first and retransplantation groups (P = .42). The leading cause of graft loss in the retransplantation group was chronic allograft nephropathy (22%), whereas infection (57%) was the major cause of death in this group. CONCLUSION: The 10-year patient and graft survival rates of kidney retransplantation were acceptable. The combination of induction therapy with a calcineurin inhibitor and a mycophenolate mofetil/mychophenolic acid-based regimen lead to outcomes comparable to first kidney transplantations among our cohort of 3337 patients.
    Transplantation Proceedings 05/2013; 45(4):1427-1430. · 0.95 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Retrograde ejaculation, a common type of anejaculation, is attributable to many causes, some of which can be treated with medication and some of which cannot. For infertility treatment, sperm must be collected from the urine of the patients. Our study attempts to ascertain the effects of different g-forces on sperm motility, morphology and DNA integrity in sperm preparation by the Sil-Select™ density gradient method of isolating sperm from urine specimens. Forty-seven semen samples with normal semen analyses according to World Health Organisation (WHO) 1999 criteria were included in this study. Semen samples of 1 ml were mixed with 20 ml alkalinised normal urine and then divided equally into tubes A and B. The two samples were prepared by the Sil-Select™ density gradient centrifugation method at 350 g (tube A) and at 700 g (tube B). Total motile sperm after centrifugation at 700 g was significantly higher than after centrifugation at 350 g [6.7 (0.4-23.0) million versus 3.1 (0.1-13.7) million] (P < 0.001). There was no significant difference between the either the percentage of sperm with normal morphology or with DNA damage between centrifugation at 350 g and 700 g (P > 0.05), although centrifugation at 700 g achieves a higher number of total motile sperm compared with Sil-Select™ sperm preparation at 350 g centrifugation.
    Andrologia 04/2013; · 1.55 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis with the aim of assessing the association between cytokine gene polymorphisms and graft rejection in heart transplantation. We identified relevant studies from Medline and Embase using PubMed and Ovid search engines, respectively. Allele frequencies and allele and genotypic effects were pooled. Heterogeneity and publication bias were explored. Four to 5 studies were included in pooling of 3 gene polymorphisms. The prevalences of the minor alleles for TNF α -308, TGF β 1-c10, and TGF β 1-c25 were 0.166 (95% CI: 0.129, 0.203), 0.413 (95% CI: 0.363, 0.462), and 0.082 (95% CI: 0.054, 0.111) in the control groups, respectively. Carrying the A allele for the TNF α -308 had 18% (95% CI of OR: 0.46, 3.01) increased risk, but this was not significant for developing graft rejection than the G allele. Conversely, carrying the minor alleles for both TGF β 1-c10 and c25 had nonsignificantly lower odds of graft rejection than major alleles, with the pooled ORs of 0.87 (95% CI: 0.65, 1.18) and 0.70 (95% CI: 0.40, 1.23), respectively. There was no evidence of publication bias for all poolings. An updated meta-analysis is required when more studies are published to increase the power of detection for the association between these polymorphisms and allograft rejection.
    BioMed research international. 01/2013; 2013:387184.
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We investigated the contribution of polymorphisms in cytokine genes (TNFa-308, IL10-1082 & -592, TGFb1-c10 & c25, and IFNg+874) on the risk of graft rejection in liver transplantation. We performed a systematic review by identifying relevant studies and applied meta-analysis to pool gene effects. In total, 12 studies were eligible and included in the study. Data extraction and assessments for risk of bias were independently performed by two reviewers. Data for allele frequencies, allelic, and genotypic effects were pooled. Heterogeneity and publication bias were assessed. Pooled minor allele frequencies for TNFa-308, IL10-1082, TGFb1-c10, TGFb1-c25, IFNg+874, and IL10-592 were 0.140 (95% CI: 0.083, 0.198), 0.432 (95% CI: 0.392, 0.472), 0.387 (95% CI: 0.307, 0.467), 0.090 (95% CI: 0.056, 0.123), 0.460 (95% CI: 0.392, 0.528), and 0.224 (95% CI: 0.178, 0.269), respectively. OnlyTNFa-308, IL10-1082 polymorphisms were significantly associated with graft rejection. Patients who carried minor homozygous genotypes for these two polymorphisms were at 3.5 and 1.69 times higher risk of graft rejections than patients who carried major homozygous genotypes. The estimated lambdas were 0.41 and 0.47, suggesting an additive mode of effect was most likely. However, we could not detect the associations of TGFb1at c10 and c25, INFg+874, and IL10-592 polymorphisms and graft rejection. In summary, our systematic review has demonstrated that TNFa-308 and IL10-1082 are potential risk factors of poor outcomes in liver transplantation. Future updated meta-analysis studies to confirm the power of these genotypes in association with allograft rejection is needed.
    Transplant Immunology 10/2012; · 1.52 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The traditional method for assessing HLA antibodies in recipient serum samples is the complement-dependent cytotoxicity testing (CDC). Recently, the highly sensitive microbead-based Luminex assay was introduced and can detect low levels of anti-HLA Abs. To determine the impact of pretransplant donor-specific HLA antibodies (DSA) detectable by Luminex, despite a negative CDC crossmatch, on the outcomes of kidney transplantation. The correlation and cut-off value of panel reactive antibody (PRA) and DSA was also evaluated. Pre-transplant sera from 116 kidney transplant recipients with a negative CDC crossmatch were assessed for donor-specific HLA antibodies by using Luminex single antigen beads. The patients received kidney transplants at Ramathibodi Hospital between January 2003 and December 2007. The results were correlated with kidney graft outcomes. DSA were found in 24.1% (28/116) of all recipients. Of the twenty-eight DSA positive patients, four developed antibody-mediated rejection (AMR) (4/28 = 14.3%). All these 4 patients had positive C4d staining in their biopsies. Of the eighty-eight DSA negative patients, two developed AMR (2/88 = 2.3%). The AMR occurred more frequently in the DSA positive group than in the DSA negative group (14.3% versus 2.3%. The patient and graft survival were similar in both groups. The strength of pre-transplant DSA was not associated with the incidence of rejection episodes. There was a higher incidence of AMR in patients with pre-transplant DSA despite a negative CDC crossmatch. However, pre-transplant DSA detected by Luminex had no statistically significant impact on delayed graft function, patient survival and graft survival.
    Asian Pacific journal of allergy and immunology / launched by the Allergy and Immunology Society of Thailand 03/2012; 30(1):48-54. · 0.79 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Solid surface vitrificaition (SSV) is a cryoperservative method that has been used in the cryopreservation of oocytes, and embryos. Here, we report an application of the SSV in the cryopreservation of human spermatozoa. We compared the SSV with a standard freezing method in terms of sperm motility, morphology, vitality and DNA integrity. Sperm motility was determined by computer assisted semen analysis, morphology and vitality were determined by eosin-methylene blue staining, and DNA integrity was determined by a TUNEL assay. We found that while both cryopreservative methods produced spermatozoa with comparable vitality and motility, the SSV gave slightly, but significantly fewer sperm with DNA damage, and loose tail. We concluded that, a cryopreservation of human spermatozoa by SSV is feasible and provides a quick and practical way to preserve human spermatozoa with a comparable, if not better, quality of the preserved spermatozoa to the standard freezing method.
    Andrologia 12/2011; 44 Suppl 1:786-90. · 1.55 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Knowing the risk factors of CKD should be able to identify at risk populations. We thus aimed to develop and validate a simplified clinical prediction score capable of indicating those at risk. A community-based cross-sectional survey study was conducted. Ten provinces and 20 districts were stratified-cluster randomly selected across four regions in Thailand and Bangkok. The outcome of interest was chronic kidney disease stage I to V versus non-CKD. Logistic regression was applied to assess the risk factors. Scoring was created using odds ratios of significant variables. The ROC curve analysis was used to calibrate the cut-off of the scores. Bootstrap was applied to internally validate the performance of this prediction score. Three-thousand, four-hundred and fifty-nine subjects were included to derive the prediction scores. Four (i.e., age, diabetes, hypertension, and history of kidney stones) were significantly associated with the CKD. Total scores ranged from 4 to 16 and the score discrimination was 77.0%. The scores of 4-5, 6-8, 9-11, and ≥ 12 correspond to low, intermediate-low, intermediate-high, and high probabilities of CKD with the likelihood ratio positive (LR+) of 1, 2.5 (95% CI: 2.2-2.7), 4.9 (95% CI: 3.9 - 6.3), and 7.5 (95% CI: 5.6 - 10.1), respectively. Internal validity was performed using 200 repetitions of a bootstrap technique. Calibration was assessed and the difference between observed and predicted values was 0.045. The concordance C statistic of the derivative and validated models were similar, i.e., 0.770 and 0.741. A simplified clinical prediction score for estimating risk of having CKD was created. The prediction score may be useful in identifying and classifying at riskpatients. However, further external validation is needed to confirm this.
    BMC Nephrology 09/2011; 12:45. · 1.64 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to compare the outcomes of lateral pinning versus cross pinning in pediatric supracondylar humerus fractures. The Cochrane library, MEDLINE, CINAHL, specific orthopaedic journals, abstracts/papers from conferences and meetings, and reference lists of articles were searched from inception to September 2007. All randomized controlled trials and cohort studies comparing outcomes (ie, loss of fixation, iatrogenic ulnar nerve injury, and Flynn criteria) between crossed and lateral pinning were identified. Two authors independently assessed methodological quality and extracted data by using a standardized data extraction form. Heterogeneity among studies was assessed using the Q test. Pooled relative risk was estimated using the Mantel-Haenszel method. Eighteen of 1829 studies were included with 1615 supracondylar fractures (837 and 778 children with cross and lateral pinning, respectively). The average age was 6.1 ± 0.9 years. The risk of iatrogenic ulnar nerve injury was 4.3 (95% confidence interval, 2.1-9.1) times higher in cross pinning compared with lateral pinning. There was no significant difference for loss of fixation, late deformity, or Flynn criteria between the two types of pinning. Lateral pinning is preferable to cross pinning for fixation of pediatric supracondylar humerus fractures as a result of decreased risk of ulnar nerve injury.
    Journal of orthopaedic trauma 09/2011; 26(1):48-53. · 1.78 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The primary prevention for cervical cancer, a human papilloma virus (HPV) vaccine, has been available in Thailand for almost 3 years. The present study evaluates knowledge about the Papanicolaou (Pap) smear, HPV and the HPV vaccine and focuses on identifying predictors for the acceptability of the HPV vaccine. A sample of 764 women attending the gynecology clinic at Ramathibodi Hospital, Bangkok, was asked to answer a questionnaire on their personal background, their knowledge of the Pap smear and HPV and the HPV vaccine and the acceptability of the HPV vaccine for themselves and their daughters. Knowledge of the Pap smear (96%) is higher than that of HPV (41%) and the HPV vaccine (36%). Only 40% of participants had previously heard about HPV. The acceptability of the HPV vaccine for participants and their daughters was high, 77% and 84%, respectively. Knowing about HPV increases acceptance for the HPV vaccine (adjusted OR = 1.7, 95% CI = 1.2-2.5, in the participants and OR = 2.3, 95% CI = 1.5-3.6 in their daughters). Participants younger than 45 years old (OR = 2.3 and 95% CI = 1.6-3.4 for themselves; OR = 2.2 and 95% CI = 1.4-3.3 for their daughters) were more likely to accept the vaccination than those aged 45 years old and above. Knowledge about HPV and the HPV vaccine is generally poor in Thai women. However, the acceptability of the HPV vaccine is good. Knowing about HPV and age under 45 years predict the acceptability of the HPV vaccine.
    Asia-Pacific Journal of Clinical Oncology 06/2011; 7(2):160-7. · 0.91 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Kidney transplantation is the most performed solid organ transplantation in Thailand. Over 4000 patients have received kidney transplantation from 23 centers within the kingdom. This study sought to demonstrate the causes of graft loss and death in Thai patients receiving kidney transplant during the past decade. The Thai Transplant Registry database was used to evaluate the causes of graft loss and death. This database was established since 1997, a total of 2298 kidney transplants were available for analysis. Graft loss was defined as return to dialysis, graft removal, retransplantation, or death of the recipients. Patient survival was analyzed by all deaths. Among 2298 recipients, 59% received organs from deceased donors. The mean age at transplantation was 42 years (SD 12) and 61% were male. The most common identified causes of the end-stage renal disease were chronic glomerulonephritis (25.3%) and hypertensive nephropathy (11.3%); half of those were unknown. Actuarial graft survival rates at 1 and 5 years were 89% and 73%, respectively. The common causes of graft loss were chronic allograft nephropathy (53%), acute rejection (15%), death with a functioning graft (15%), and transplant renal artery diseases (7%). The greatest proportion (64%) of deaths was infection owing to septicemia and/or pulmonary infection. The others were from cardiovascular deaths (12%), liver disease (6%), and malignancy (4%). Graft survival rates were comparable with previous reports. However, the proportion of death with functioning graft and cardiovascular death as a cause of graft and patient loss is lower than that of Caucasian populations.
    Transplantation Proceedings 12/2010; 42(10):4014-6. · 0.95 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Thiazolidenediones (TZD) have been reported to lead to non-vertebral bone loss in postmenopausal women with diabetes, but the true incidence of vertebral fractures has been under-detected because two-thirds of vertebral fractures are silent. TZD is also related to increased adiposity, with a consequently greater risk of vitamin D deficiency-both of which seem to aggravate the untoward effect of TZD on bone. The aim of this study is to determine whether TZD use is associated with prevalence of vertebral fractures and low vitamin D status in postmenopausal women with type 2 diabetes. A group of 102 postmenopausal women with type 2 diabetes, 52 TZD users for at least 12 months, and 50 non-TZD users were enrolled in the study. Any data regarding diabetes, age at menopause, co-morbidities, and drug use were recorded. Blood sampling and thoraco-lumbar radiography were performed. Bone mineral density (BMD) of L2-L4 and the femur were measured by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA). The occurrence of vertebral fractures at one level or more in subjects on TZD was higher than those not on TZD, but did not reach statistical significance (19.2 vs. 14.0%, P = 0.5). Total hip BMD in subjects on TZD was significantly lower than those not on TZD (0.96 ± 0.15 vs. 1.02 ± 0.11; P < 0.05). Levels of 25(OH)D in TZD users were significantly higher (35.3 ± 1.5 vs. 25.9 ± 1.2 ng/dl; P < 0.001). The prevalence of vitamin D deficiency was 75.5% in subjects not on TZD compared to 34.6% in those on TZD (OR 6.4, 95% CI 2.6-15.6). Higher circulating 25(OH)D was observed in TZD users. TZD use was associated with lower total hip BMD but not with vertebral fracture.
    Endocrine 11/2010; 39(3):278-82. · 3.53 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Botulism is a rare presynaptic neuromuscular junction disorder caused by potent toxins produced by the anaerobic, spore-forming, Gram-positive bacterium Clostridium botulinum. Food-borne botulism is caused by the ingestion of foods contaminated with botulinum toxin. In March 2006, there was a large outbreak of food-borne botulism associated with the ingestion of home-canned bamboo shoots in Thailand. The survival analyses for respiratory failure in these patients were studied and are reported here. A prospective observational cohort study was conducted on this outbreak. The primary outcome of interest was the time to respiratory failure. The secondary outcome was the time to weaning off ventilator. The prognostic factors associated with respiratory failure and weaning off ventilator are presented. A total of 91 in-patients with baseline clinical characteristics were included. Most cases first presented with gastrointestinal symptoms followed by neurological symptoms, the most striking of which being difficulty in swallowing. Common clinical features included ptosis, ophthalmoplegia, proximal muscle weakness, pupillary abnormality, and respiratory failure. Forty-two patients developed respiratory failure requiring mechanical ventilation and the median duration on ventilator was 14 days. The median length of hospital stay for all patients was 13.5 days. Difficulty in breathing, moderate to severe ptosis, and dilated and fixed pupils were associated with respiratory failure. Among patients who were on ventilators, a short incubation period and pupillary abnormality were associated with a longer period of mechanical ventilation. All patients had antitoxin injection and there was no mortality in this outbreak. The history of difficult breathing and the findings of moderate to severe ptosis and pupillary abnormality were associated with severe illness and respiratory failure. A long incubation time was associated with a better prognosis. Although botulism is a potentially fatal disease, there was no mortality in this outbreak. All patients had antitoxin injection and good intensive care that resulted in good clinical outcomes.
    Clinical Toxicology 02/2010; 48(3):177-83. · 2.59 Impact Factor
  • Gastrointestinal Endoscopy - GASTROINTEST ENDOSCOP. 01/2010; 71(5).
  • Transplantation 01/2010; 90. · 3.78 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

295 Citations
84.17 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2006–2014
    • Ramathibodi Hospital
      Krung Thep, Bangkok, Thailand
  • 2007–2011
    • Mahidol University
      • Faculty of Medicine Ramathibodi Hospital
      Bangkok, Bangkok, Thailand