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Publications (3)6.4 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Granulomatous mastitis (GM) is a rare, chronic, inflammatory condition of the breast with unknown etiology that affects women of child-bearing age. It can be mistaken radiographically and clinically for breast cancer and due to its rarity can cause a delay in establishing a definitive diagnosis and subsequent initiation of treatment. Furthermore, GM has a progressive clinical course with multiple recurrences. To date, there is no universally accepted treatment for GM. The goal of this study is to review the experience with granulomatous mastitis at a large inner-city public hospital over a 10-y period. A retrospective review of a prospectively maintained institutional database was queried for all patients with a histopathologic diagnosis of GM between July 1, 2000 and July 1, 2010. A separate database was created for these patients, and data was collected from electronic medical records and paper charts. Demographic, clinical, and outcomes data were analyzed using summary statistics. A total of 41 cases were identified. The median age at time of diagnosis was 34 y. Thirty-three (80%) patients were of Hispanic ethnicity. The most common physical findings were mass (n = 32, 78%), tenderness (n = 17, 41%), and erythema (n = 12, 29%). Three (7%) patients had a previous history of treatment for tuberculosis whereas 12 (29%) patients were human immunodeficiency virus-positive. Mammography and ultrasonography noted mass (n = 14, 34% and n = 15, 37%, respectively) as the most common radiographic finding. Core needle biopsy and incisional biopsy were used with equal frequency (n = 16, 37%) to establish a definitive pathologic diagnosis. The median number of days between onset of symptoms and definitive diagnosis was 73. Thirteen (32%) patients received antibiotics as initial treatment, whereas 23 (56%) underwent surgical procedures and 1 (2%) received steroid therapy. Steroids were used at any point in the clinical course of 7 (17%) patients, and none of these patients required definitive surgical treatment. GM affects women of childbearing age and typically presents as an inflamed breast mass with or without pain. The clinical features of GM among Hispanic patients are similar to those among other study populations in the reported literature. This disease is a diagnostic and therapeutic challenge and a high degree of clinical suspicion is warranted. Treatment with steroids may obviate the need for surgery in some patients. Reported recurrence rates for GM are high, and long-term follow-up is essential.
    Journal of Surgical Research 07/2013; · 2.02 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Phyllodes tumors represent less than 1% of all breast neoplasms and can mimic fibroadenoma on core needle biopsy (CNB). The treatment of fibroepithelial (FE) neoplasms identified on CNB is controversial. We sought to identify factors that were associated with phyllodes tumors after CNB suggested FE neoplasm. A retrospective database was queried for all patients diagnosed with FE neoplasm on CNB at Ben Taub General Hospital over a 10-y period. One hundred twenty-three patients were identified and demographic, clinical, and outcome data were analyzed. Of the 123 patients, 46 (37%) were found to have fibroadenomatous features and 59 (48%) were found to have FE features. All went on to have surgical excision. Forty (38%) contained phyllodes tumors, and 65 (62%) found no phyllodes tumor on final pathology. There were significant differences in the median size of the masses (4 cm versus 2.4 cm P < 0.002) and density of the masses (P < 0.001) between the group that contained phyllodes tumors and the group that did not on preoperative imaging. Further evaluation did not show any significant differences on preoperative imaging between benign and borderline/malignant phyllodes tumors. Hispanic ethnicity correlated with a higher chance of phyllodes tumor after CNB (P < 0.001). Women commonly present to clinics for evaluation of palpable breast masses. Based on the results of CNB, clinical decisions can be made to help direct treatment. If CNB identifies phyllodes tumor, surgical excision remains the standard of care; however, patients with suspicious FE neoplasms represent a treatment dilemma as many will prove to be benign. Preoperative size and the density of the mass on imaging and ethnicity were associated with phyllodes tumors on final pathology.
    Journal of Surgical Research 04/2012; 178(1):299-303. · 2.02 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Biopsy of a breast abscess wall has been performed for years without evidence. Aspiration of breast abscesses has been increasing in popularity without widespread acceptance. A 10-year retrospective review of 206 surgical biopsies after incision and drainage of breast abscesses. A literature review of breast abscess treated with ultrasound-guided aspiration. Over 10 years, 4.37% (9/206) patients were diagnosed with malignancy in the abscess cavity wall tissue. None of the 197 patients with a negative biopsy returned with breast cancer. Single, multiple, and combined aspiration success rates of 79.8% (364/458), 11.0% (50/458), and 90.9% (482/532) with surgical intervention necessary in 9.1% (50/532). Ultrasound versus hand guidance (92.5% versus 81.9 %, P < .01) improved success rate. The rate of associated malignancies with breast abscess is very low and does not warrant mandatory surgical drainage. The use of ultrasound-directed aspiration of breast abscesses is effective and should be first-line therapy.
    American journal of surgery 12/2006; 192(6):869-72. · 2.36 Impact Factor