Zong-Zhuang Li

Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai, Shanghai Shi, China

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Publications (3)8.54 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: The ability of nicotine to induce aortic aneurysms has been shown in animal models; however, its underlying mechanisms remain elusive. In the present experiment, both the RAW264.7 and MOVAS cell lines were employed to examine the nicotine-induced modulation of VCAM-1, MMP-2, and MMP-9 expressions in macrophages and vascular smooth muscle cells. Our results showed that nicotine concentrations of both 0.5 and 5 ng/ml induced VCAM-1, MMP-2, and MMP-9 upregulation, while a concentration of 50 ng/ml had a slight inhibitory effect and a concentration of 500 ng/ml showed a significant inhibitory effect. When cells were pretreated with either SP600125 (JNK inhibitor) or PNU-282987 (α7-nAChR agonist) prior to nicotine exposure, the nicotine-induced upregulation of VCAM-1, MMP-2, MMP-9, and p-JNK was suppressed, with a joint treatment producing a more significant inhibitory effect. Moreover, PNU-282987 had a comparable inhibitory effect on VCAM-1, MMP-2, and MMP-9 expressions and JNK activation via phosphorylation as did SP600125. In conclusion, nicotine-induced VCAM-1, MMP-2, and MMP-9 expressions occur in a dose-dependent fashion in both of the cell lines tested. Furthermore, the nicotine exposure equivalent to plasma levels found in regular smokers can augment VCAM-1, MMP-2, and MMP-9 expressions through the α7-nAChR-JNK pathway.
    Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry 11/2014; · 2.33 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Abnormal vascular smooth muscle cells proliferation is the pathophysiological basis of cardiovascular diseases, such as hypertension, atherosclerosis, and restenosis after angioplasty. Angiotensin II can induce abnormal proliferation of vascular smooth muscle cells, but the molecular mechanisms of this process remain unclear. Here, we explored the role and molecular mechanism of monocyte chemotactic protein-1, which mediated angiotensin II-induced proliferation of rat aortic smooth muscle cells. 1,000 nM angiotensin II could stimulate rat aortic smooth muscle cells' proliferation by angiotensin II type 1 receptor (AT(1)R). Simultaneously, angiotensin II increased monocyte chemotactic protein-1 expression and secretion in a dose-and time-dependent manner through activation of its receptor AT(1)R. Then, monocyte chemotactic protein-1 contributed to angiotensin II-induced cells proliferation by CCR2. Furthermore, we found that intracellular ERK and JNK signaling molecules were implicated in angiotensin II-stimulated monocyte chemotactic protein-1 expression and proliferation mediated by monocyte chemotactic protein-1. These results contribute to a better understanding effect on angiotensin II-induced proliferation of rat smooth muscle cells.
    Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry 04/2012; 366(1-2):355-62. · 2.33 Impact Factor
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    Zong-Zhuang Li, Qiu-Yan Dai
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    ABSTRACT: Inflammation, proteolysis, smooth muscle cell apoptosis, and angiogenesis have been implicated in the pathogenesis of abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAAs), although the well-defined initiating mechanism is not fully understood. Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) such as MMP-2 and -9 and other proteinases degrading elastin and extracellular matrix are the critical pathogenesis of AAAs. Among the risk factors of AAAs, cigarette smoking is an irrefutable one. Cigarette smoke is practically involved in various aspects of the AAA pathogenesis. Nicotine, a major alkaloid in tobacco leaves and a primary component in cigarette smoke, can stimulate the MMPs expression by vascular SMCs, endothelial cells, and inflammatory cells in vascular wall and induce angiogenesis in the aneurysmal tissues. However, for the inflammatory and apoptotic processes in the pathogenesis of AAAs, nicotine seems to be moving in just the opposite direction. Additionally, the effects of nicotine are probably dose dependent or associated with the exposure duration and may be partly exerted by its receptors--nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs). In this paper, we will mainly discuss the pathogenesis of AAAs involving inflammation, proteolysis, smooth muscle cell apoptosis and angiogenesis, and the roles of nicotine and nAChRs.
    Mediators of Inflammation 01/2012; 2012:103120. · 3.88 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

7 Citations
8.54 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2012
    • Shanghai Jiao Tong University
      • Shanghai First People's Hospital
      Shanghai, Shanghai Shi, China
    • Xin Hua Hospital Affiliated to Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine
      Shanghai, Shanghai Shi, China