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Publications (3)3.94 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Murine P19 embryonal carcinoma cells are multipotent cells that can differentiate into cardiomyocytes when treated with dimethyl sulfoxide. This experimental model provides an invaluable tool to study different aspects of cardiac differentiation, such as the function of cardiac‑specific transcription factors and signaling pathways, and the regulation of contractile protein expression. The role of mitochondria during cardiac differentiation is unclear. In this context, we have examined the mitochondrial-related changes in undifferentiated and differentiated P19 cells. We observed that mitochondrial DNA content sharply decreased in P19 cell aggregates compared to undifferentiated cells, accompanied by decreased levels of adenosine triphosphate (ATP) and reactive oxygen species (ROS). Following the aggregation stage, the mitochondrial DNA content reached its highest level on day 7 of the differentiation process, with the intracellular ROS level showing a trend to increase, similar to cellular ATP production. In conclusion, our study on differentiating P19 embryonal carcinoma cells provides new insights into the role of mitochondria in the differentiation of P19 stem cells into beating cardiomyocytes.
    Molecular Medicine Reports 06/2014; · 1.17 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Fatty acid binding protein 3 (FABP3, also termed heart‑type fatty acid binding protein) is a member of the intracellular lipid‑binding protein family that may be essential in fatty acid transport, cell growth, cellular signaling and gene transcription. Previously, we demonstrated that FABP3 was involved in apoptosis‑associated congenital cardiac malformations; however, its mechanism of regulation remains unclear. Apoptosis has increasingly been considered to be important in cardiac development. In the present study, a zebrafish model was used to investigate the involvement of FABP3‑morpholino (MO)‑induced apoptosis and mitochondrial dysfunction in cardiac development. During the early stages of cardiac development, injection of FABP3‑MO into zebrafish resulted in significant impairment in cardiac development and promoted the rate of apoptosis which was correlated with significant dysfunction of the mitochondria. For example, the ATP content was markedly decreased at 24 and 48 h post‑fertilization (pf), reactive oxygen species production was significantly enhanced at 24 and 48 h pf and the mitochondrial DNA copy number was reduced at 24, 48 and 72 h pf. Additionally, Nkx2.5 expression was upregulated in FABP3-MO zebrafish, and Wnt signaling molecules (Wnt1, Wnt5 and Wnt11) were also highly expressed in FABP3-MO zebrafish at 24, 48 and 72 h pf. In conclusion, the results indicated that FABP3 knockdown exhibited significant toxic effects on cardiac development and mitochondrial function, which may be responsible for the knockdown of FABP3‑induced apoptosis. Apoptosis was one of the mechanisms underlying this effect, and was correlated with the activation of Wnt signaling. These studies identified FABP3 as a candidate gene underlying the etiology of congenital heart defects.
    Molecular Medicine Reports 07/2013; · 1.17 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Fatty acid binding protein 3 (FABP3) (also known as H-FABP) is a member of the intracellular lipid-binding protein family, and is mainly expressed in cardiac muscle tissue. The in vivo function of FABP3 is proposed to be in fatty acid metabolism, trafficking, and cell signaling. Our previous study found that FABP3 is highly regulated in patients with ventricular septal defect (VSD), and may play a significant role in the development of human VSD. In the present study, we aimed to investigate the impact of FABP3 knockdown by RNA interference (RNAi) on apoptosis and mitochondrial function of embryonic carcinoma (P19) cells. The results revealed that downregulated FABP3 expression promoted apoptosis, and resulted in mitochondrial deformation, increased mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP), and decreased intracellular ATP synthesis. In addition, the knockdown of FABP3 also led to excess intracellular ROS production. However, there was no obvious influence on the amount of mitochondrial DNA. Collectively, our results indicated that FABP3 knockdown promoted apoptosis and caused mitochondrial dysfunction in P19 cells, which might be responsible for the development of human VSD.
    Journal of Bioenergetics 04/2012; 44(3):317-23. · 1.60 Impact Factor