ABSTRACT: Pneumocystis pneumonia (PCP) can occur in patients with many causes of the immunocompromised state other than human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). It is quite difficult to diagnose PCP without HIV because there is no method for detecting Pneumocystis jirovecii. Thus, non-HIV PCP continues to have high mortality. Recently, loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) is becoming an established nucleic acid amplification method offering rapid, accurate, and cost-effective diagnosis of infectious diseases. We report a non-HIV PCP case successfully diagnosed by the LAMP method. It was previously reported that PCR in BALF specimens had been the most sensitive method in the diagnosis of PCP without HIV. The LAMP method would be more sensitive than conventional PCR and an effective tool in the early diagnosis of PCP.
Journal of Infection and Chemotherapy 04/2012; · 1.80 Impact Factor