Xuefei Xiao

The Third Xiangya Hospital of the Central South University, Ch’ang-sha-shih, Hunan, China

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Publications (2)2.02 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Objective: To explore the risk factors for septic shock in patients with solid organ transplantation and complication of bacteremias. Methods: Clinical data of 98 solid organ transplant cases with complication of bacteremias were retrospectively studied. All episodes of bacteremias met the CDC criteria. Six possible risk factors contributing to septic shock were evaluated by univariate analysis and multivariate logistic regression analysis. Results: Among the 98 patients, 133 times of bacteremias have been reported and 39 patients developed septic shock. Among the 39 patients with septic shock, 43.5%, 38.5%, 15.4% and 2.6% of bacteremias were induced by multiple bacteria, gram-negative bacteria, gram-positive bacteria and fungi, respectively. The lung was the main source of bacteremias (41.8%), followed by intraabdominal/ biliary focus (24.5%). Risk factors for developing septic shock included the bacteremias happened in the 2nd to 8th week post transplant (P=0.014), polymicrobial etiology (P=0.001), intra-abdominal/ biliary focus (P=0.011), and liver transplant (P=0.002). Only bacteremias occurred in the 2nd to 8th week post transplant and polymicrobial etiology were significant risk factors by multivariate analysis. Conclusion: Risk factors for developing septic shock in bacteremias after SOT are early-onset (the 2nd-8th week post transplant) and polymicrobial etiology.
    Zhong nan da xue xue bao. Yi xue ban = Journal of Central South University. Medical sciences 10/2012; 37(10):1050-3.
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    ABSTRACT: The present study aimed to investigate the effect of curcumin on sepsis-induced acute lung injury (ALI) in rats, and explore its possible mechanisms. Male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into the following five experimental groups (n = 20 per group): animals undergoing a sham cecal ligature puncture (CLP) (sham group); animals undergoing CLP (control group); or animals undergoing CLP and treated with vehicle (vehicle group), curcumin at 50 mg/kg (low-dose curcumin [L-Cur] group), or curcumin at 200 mg/kg (high-dose curcumin [H-Cur] group).At 6, 12, 24 h after CLP, blood, bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) and lung tissue were collected. The lung wet/dry weight (W/D) ratio, protein level, and the number of inflammatory cells in the BALF were determined. Optical microscopy was performed to examine the pathologic changes in lungs. Myeloperoxidase (MPO) activity, malondialdehyde (MDA) content, as well as superoxidase dismutase (SOD) activity were measured in lung tissues. The expression of inflammatory cytokines, tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α), interluekin-8 (IL-8), and macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) were determined in the BALF. Survival rates were recorded at 72 h in the five groups in another experiment. Treatment with curcumin significantly attenuated the CLP-induced pulmonary edema and inflammation, as it significantly decreased lung W/D ratio, protein concentration, and the accumulation of the inflammatory cells in the BALF, as well as pulmonary MPO activity. This was supported by the histopathologic examination, which revealed marked attenuation of CLP-induced ALI in curcumin treated rats. In addition, curcumin significantly increased SOD activity with significant decrease in MDA content in the lung. Also, curcumin caused down-regulation of the inflammatory cytokines TNF-α, IL-8, and MIF levels in the lung. Importantly, curcumin improved the survival rate of rats by 40%-50% with CLP-induced ALI. Taken together, these results demonstrate the protective effects of curcumin against the CLP-induced ALI. This effect can be attributed to curcumin ability to counteract the inflammatory cells infiltration and, hence, ROS generation and regulate cytokine effects.
    Journal of Surgical Research 12/2011; 176(1):e31-9. · 2.02 Impact Factor