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ABSTRACT: Selenium, an essential trace element, showed the significant protective effects against kidney damage induced by some heavy metals. Our previous research have found that the protection effects of selenium on ROS mediated-apoptosis by mitochondria dysfunction in cadmium (Cd)- induced LLC-PK1 cells. The present study as a continuation of our earlier one to investigate the protective effects and mechanism of selenium on Cd-induced apoptosis of kidney in vivo. Cadmium exposure increased the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and altered the levels of oxidative stress related biomarkers in kidney tissue. A concomitant by the loss of mitochondrial membrane potential, cytochrome c release and regulation of VDAC, Bcl-2 and Bax were observed. Apoptotic nature of cell death is confirmed by activation of caspase-3, which is also supported by histological examination. During the process, selenium played a beneficial role against Cd-induced renal damage. Pretreatment with selenium partially blocked Cd-induced ROS generation, inhibited Cdinduced mitochondrial membrane potential collapse, prevented cytochrome c release, inhibited caspase activation and changed the level of VDAC, Bcl-2 and Bax. Combining all, results suggest that selenium has an ability to inhibit mitochondrial apoptotic pathway in oxidative stress mediated kidney dysfunction caused by cadmium.
Food and chemical toxicology: an international journal published for the British Industrial Biological Research Association 04/2013; · 2.99 Impact Factor