Yuchen Wu

Nanjing Medical University, Nan-ching, Jiangsu Sheng, China

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Publications (2)5.08 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Selenium, an essential trace element, showed the significant protective effects against kidney damage induced by some heavy metals. Our previous research have found that the protection effects of selenium on ROS mediated-apoptosis by mitochondria dysfunction in cadmium (Cd)- induced LLC-PK1 cells. The present study as a continuation of our earlier one to investigate the protective effects and mechanism of selenium on Cd-induced apoptosis of kidney in vivo. Cadmium exposure increased the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and altered the levels of oxidative stress related biomarkers in kidney tissue. A concomitant by the loss of mitochondrial membrane potential, cytochrome c release and regulation of VDAC, Bcl-2 and Bax were observed. Apoptotic nature of cell death is confirmed by activation of caspase-3, which is also supported by histological examination. During the process, selenium played a beneficial role against Cd-induced renal damage. Pretreatment with selenium partially blocked Cd-induced ROS generation, inhibited Cdinduced mitochondrial membrane potential collapse, prevented cytochrome c release, inhibited caspase activation and changed the level of VDAC, Bcl-2 and Bax. Combining all, results suggest that selenium has an ability to inhibit mitochondrial apoptotic pathway in oxidative stress mediated kidney dysfunction caused by cadmium.
    Food and chemical toxicology: an international journal published for the British Industrial Biological Research Association 04/2013; 58. DOI:10.1016/j.fct.2013.04.013 · 2.61 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Liquiritigenin (LQ) is a flavanone extracted from Glycyrrhizae, which has multiple biological effects, such as antiinflammation and anticancer. This study is the first to investigate the effect of LQ on the migration of human lung adenocarcinoma A549 cells in vitro. First, LQ exhibited inhibitory effects on the adhesion and migration of A549 cells in the absence of cytotoxicity. Gelatin zymography and Western blot analysis showed that LQ significantly reduced the expression of promatrix metalloproteinase-2 (proMMP-2) in A549 cells in terms of both activity and protein level. Second, LQ inhibited the phosphorylation of Akt and activated the phosphorylation of extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1 and 2 (ERK1/2). Furthermore, the treatment of inhibitors specific for Akt (LY294002) and ERK1/2 (U0126) to A549 cells resulted in reduced activity of proMMP-2. These results suggested that the inhibition on proMMP-2 expression by LQ may be through suppression on PI3K/Akt signaling pathway, which in turn led to the inhibition of lung adenocarcinoma A549 cells migration. However, activation of ERK might not be involved in the regulation of proMMP-2. Taken together, LQ may be considered as a potential interfering agent of cancer progression.
    Nutrition and Cancer 04/2012; 64(4):627-34. DOI:10.1080/01635581.2012.675617 · 2.47 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

16 Citations
5.08 Total Impact Points


  • 2013
    • Nanjing Medical University
      • Department of Nutrition and Food Hygiene
      Nan-ching, Jiangsu Sheng, China