[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: This study was to evaluate the influence of radiotherapy on the selenium serum levels of non-small cell cancer patients with brain metastases.
This prospective study included 95 non-small cell cancer patients with brain metastases treated by radiotherapy from December 2007 until November 2010. Plasma selenium levels were determined before and at the end of the radiotherapy. Age, body mass index (BMI), prior chemotherapy, pathological type and personal habits (smoking and alcoholism) were recorded for each patient.
The mean age was 63 years; the mean BMI was 27.6. Seventy-six patients (80%) were non-smokers. Sixty-two patients (65.3%) showed no drinking habits and 8 (8.4%) have no prior chemotherapy. Thirty-nine patients (41.1%) were adenocarcinoma, 51 (53.7%) were squamous cell carcinoma and five (5.3%) were large cell carcinoma. At the beginning of radiotherapy, the mean selenium level for all patients was 90.4 μg/l and after radiation this value dropped to 56.3 μg/l. Multivariate analysis showed statistically significant difference in the plasma selenium concentration before and after radiotherapy for age (P<0.001), BMI (P<0.001), smoking (P<0.001), alcoholism (P<0.001), prior chemotherapy (P<0.001) and pathological type (P<0.001).
Significant reduction in plasma levels of selenium was recorded in patients undergoing radiotherapy, suggesting attention to the nutritional status of this micronutrient and other antioxidant agents.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of C-reactive protein (CRP) level on the prognosis of patients with locoregionally advanced laryngeal carcinoma treated with chemoradiotherapy. Fifty-seven patients with locoregionally advanced laryngeal carcinoma (cT3-4, N0-3, M0) treated with chemoradiotherapy were reviewed retrospectively. Chemoradiotherapy comprised external beam radiotherapy to the larynx (70 Gy) with three cycles of cisplatin at 3-week intervals. Elevated CRP was defined as >8 mg/L. The survival rate was calculated using the Kaplan-Meier method, and a multivariate analysis was used to identify significant factors associated with prognosis, using a Cox proportional hazards model. During the median (range) follow-up of 5 years (1.3-5), 29 patients died from laryngeal cancer; the 5-year cancer-specific survival (CSS) rate was 49.12%. Fifteen patients had a high CRP level before chemoradiotherapy (>8 mg/L), and their CSS rate was significantly worse than that in the remaining patients (P = 0.003). Multivariate analysis showed that CRP and tumor site were independent prognostic indicators for CSS, with a hazard ratio of 2.66 (95% confidence interval (CI), 1.22-5.82; P = 0.014) and a hazard ratio of 1.67 (95% CI, 1.01-2.77; P = 0.045), respectively. Of those with elevated CRP, the CRP levels of ten patients became normal after chemoradiotherapy, of whom four were alive with no evidence of recurrence or metastasis during the follow-up. By contrast, all six with no CRP normalization after chemoradiotherapy died within 3.8 years. The elevation of CRP before treatment predicts a poor prognosis in patients with locoregionally advanced laryngeal carcinoma treated with chemoradiotherapy.