[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Reactive oxygen species (ROS) are produced in many metabolic and physiologic processes. Antioxidative mechanisms remove these harmful species. Our aim was to assess whether serum total antioxidant capacity and total oxidant status altered during first trimester pregnancies with vaginal bleeding.
In this cross-sectional study, A group of pregnant women at less than 10 weeks of gestation with vaginal bleeding (n=25) and a control group of healthy pregnancies with similar characteristics (n=25) were included. All of the patients in the two groups were matched for age, gestational age and body mass index. Serum total antioxidant capacity and total oxidant status levels were determined using a Hitachi 912 analyzer and compared between the two groups.
Characteristics, including maternal age, parity, and gestational age were similar between the two groups. Serum total antioxidant capacity levels were significantly lower in the women with vaginal bleeding than in control women (1.16 ± 0.20 vs. 1.77 ± 0.08 mmol Trolox Equiv./L; p=0.001), whereas higher total oxidant status measurements were found in women with vaginal bleeding compared to the control group (4.01 ± 0.20 vs. 2.57 ± 0.65 µmol H2O2 Equiv./L; p=0.001).
Increased total oxidant status might be involved in the pathophysiology of vaginal bleeding during early first trimester pregnancies.
International journal of fertility & sterility 01/2014; 7(4):271-4. · 0.47 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Our aim was to investigate whether the maternal serum concentrations of first and second trimester serum analytes are altered in familial Mediterranean fever (FMF) pregnancies.
The screening tests were compared in a series of 16 serum samples from FMF pregnancies and in a cohort of 48 pregnant women with normal pregnancy. Serum samples were obtained between 11 and 13 weeks; 16 and 18 weeks gestation.
Serum pregnancy-associated plasma protein-A (PAPP-A) levels, expressed as multiples of the median (0.9 ± 0.45 MoM) in the control group, were significantly higher than FMF patients (0.6 ± 0.3 MoM) (p = 0.027). Analyses of alpha-fetoprotein, human chorionic gonadotropin and oestriol levels showed no significant differences between FMF and normal pregnancies.
Our study revealed that low levels of PAPP-A are associated with FMF.
European review for medical and pharmacological sciences 07/2013; 17(13):1820-3. · 1.09 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Abstract We evaluated the effect of mandatory single embryo transfer (SET) on live birth rates and pregnancy outcomes in Turkey. A retrospective study was conducted in Zekai Tahir Burak Women's Health Education and Research Hospital. Four hundred and four patients undergoing intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) cycles were included in the study. In Turkey, the number of embryos to be transferred in an assisted cycle was limited to three under normal circumstances until 6 March 2010. After that, new legislation was introduced to promote the application of SET. Outcomes were compared in periods of 1 year before and after the new law. We compared pregnancy outcomes of all assisted reproductive cycles in SET cycles (group 1: n = 281) with double embryo transfer (DET) cycles (group 2: n = 123). There were significant differences in oocyte number, multiple pregnancy, gestational age, birth weight and perinatal fetal morbidity between the groups (p = 0.023, 0.001, 0.001, 0.001, 0.001, respectively). But there were no differences in age, baseline FSH, infertility period, stimulation protocol, stimulation day, gonadotrophin dose, clinical pregnancy rate, abortion rate, live birth rate and cesarean rate (p > 0.05). These results suggest that under the new legislation multiple pregnancy rates and perinatal complications are significantly reduced without causing a significant decline in the pregnancy rates.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVES: Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is defined as glucose intolerance, first time detected in pregnancy. Diagnostic criteria for GDM have changed over the decades. The aim of the study was to examine the effect of diet on birth weight, number of large for gestational age (LGA) (birth weight > 90th percentile) babies, total maternal weight gain, gestational age and route of delivery among patients with positive 50 g glucose challenge test (GCT) and negative 100 g oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT). PATIENTS AND METHODS: A prospective randomized controlled study was conducted among patients with positive 50 g GCT and negative 100 g OGTT. A plasma glucose value of 140 mg/dL was used as the threshold to define an abnormal GCT result. In group 1 50 patients were given a caloric diet and compared with group 2 with 50 patients without a given diet. Patients were followed up until delivery and evaluated for birth weight, number of LGA babies, total maternal weight gain, gestational age and route of delivery. RESULTS: There were no significant differences between the groups in maternal age, parity, body mass index and gestational age at delivery. There were significant differences in birth weight, number of LGA babies, total maternal weight gain during pregnancy. The mean gestational age at delivery was 38.7±1.2 weeks in group 1 and 38.9±1.1 weeks in group 2 (p = 0.615). The mean birth weight in group 1 was 3328±399 g and 3623±485 g in group 2 (p = 0.007), cesarean rate was 32% in group 1 and 40% in group 2 (p = 0.405). CONCLUSIONS: In the management of patients with positive 50 g GCT and negative 100 g OGTT, patients who were prescribed medical nutrition therapy by a dietitian experienced in GDM management had better perinatal outcomes.
European review for medical and pharmacological sciences 05/2013; 17(9):1258-1261. · 1.09 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To investigate effect of the afterloaded external guidance embryo transfer technique on pregnancy rates in single embryo transfer intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) cycles.
This retrospective study was performed at the Dr. Zekai Tahir Burak Women's Health Research and Education Hospital. Three hundred and thirteen women who underwent ICSI were included in the study. Subjects were categorized according to the embryo transfer technique; Group 1 (n: 232): easy transfer with a soft catheter, Group 2 (n: 45): after external guidance transfer, and Group 3 (n: 36): difficult transfer with a stylet. Basal parameters, clinical and laboratory IVF outcomes and pregnancy rates were studied.
Infertility etiology, basal follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) levels, antral follicle count, duration of stimulation, total dose of gonadotropin, peak estradiol levels, endometrial thickness, oocyte number, 2 PN, and fertilization rate were similar between the three groups (p>0.05). Despite the decreased pregnancy rate in Group 3, there were no differences in clinical pregnancy rates among the groups (p=0.204).
Embryo transfer is one of the critical steps in assisted reproduction procedures. Using the afterloaded external guidance embryo transfer technique did not improve pregnancy rates.
Journal of the Turkish German Gynecological Association. 01/2013; 14(3):153-6.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Objective: Population-based studies on maternal deaths in Turkey are rare. The aim of the present study was to analyze the cardiac causes of all maternal deaths in Turkey between 2007 and 2009. Materials and methods: In this retrospective study, case files of all pregnancy-associated deaths recorded in Turkey between 2007 and 2009 were reviewed. Records for all pregnancy-associated deaths were reviewed by five authors to identify 129 cases in which a cardiac disease seemed to be the reason. For each of the 129 cases, maternal age, gravidity, parity, antenatal care attendance, district of residence, year of death, mode of delivery, perinatal outcome, and clinical history preceding death were recorded. Results: During the study period, 779 maternal deaths were identified. Our estimate of the maternal mortality ratio (MMR) in 3-year period was 19.7 per 100,000 live births. The report lists 779 deaths, 411 direct and 285 indirect. Indirect obstetric causes of maternal death were primarily cardiac disorders and cerebrovascular diseases. Maternal mortality due to cardiac disease was 15.5% in 2007 and 18.4% in 2008. Valvular heart disease was the leading cause of maternal death from cardiac reasons (25.6%). Maternal mortality due to cardiac disease increased with age. Conclusion: The main cause of indirect maternal death has been cardiac disease in 3-year period.
The journal of maternal-fetal & neonatal medicine: the official journal of the European Association of Perinatal Medicine, the Federation of Asia and Oceania Perinatal Societies, the International Society of Perinatal Obstetricians 06/2012; 25(11):2451-3. · 1.36 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study is to compare the effects of tubal sterilization on the ovarian reserve by means of hormonal and ultrasonographic evaluation during a cesarean section or when performed as a planned interval procedure.
Fifty women who had undergone tubal sterilization during a cesarean section (n=24) and by minilaparotomy as an elective procedure (n=26) were included in the study. Tubes were ligated with the Pomeroy technique in both groups. The women who had chosen to use barrier method or intrauterine device for contraception (n=30) constituted the control group. Among the women in the control group, two separate control groups were constituted (control 1 and control 2) who were age matched with the women in each study group. Hormone levels including antimüllerian hormone (AMH) and inhibin B and ultrasonographic evaluations were performed on the third day of the menstrual cycle 1 year after the tubal sterilization procedure.
Mean blood estradiol, follicle stimulating hormone and luteinizing hormone levels on the third day of the cycle postoperative 12 months after the surgical intervention did not show any significant differences in the groups with respect to their age-matched controls. There was no significant difference in terms of mean serum AMH and inhibin B levels between the groups and their age-matched controls. However, significantly higher postoperative levels of mean AMH levels were detected in the tubal sterilization during cesarean section group when compared with the minilaparotomy group, and significantly lower postoperative levels of mean inhibin B were detected in the elective tubal sterilization via minilaparotomy group when compared with the cesarean section group. Statistically significant differences were observed in terms of number of antral follicles and mean ovarian volumes being less in the elective tubal sterilization via minilaparotomy group when compared with age-matched controls.
Intraoperative cesarean section tubal sterilization seems to be a practical and safe method, and has less effect on the ovarian reserve when compared with planned tubal sterilization by minilaparotomy.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Our primary aim was to investigate whether N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) increases in adolescent with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) compared with healthy controls and secondary aim was to determine whether metabolic and hormonal differences exist between groups.
In this cross-sectional study, 25 adolescent patients with PCOS and 25 normal ovulatory control not suffering from PCOS were involved in the study. Fasting serum NT-proBNP, C-reactive protein (CRP), homocystein, insulin levels and biochemical and hormonal parameters were measured.
Serum NT-proBNP was not significantly different in PCOS subjects (0.62 ± 0.80 vs 1.12 ± 1.51 ng/mL, p = 0.154). The mean serum fasting insulin levels (22.64 ± 10.51 vs 13.32 ± 3.97 mIU/mL, p = 0.001) and Homeostasis Model Assessment Insulin-Resistance Index (HOMA-IR) levels (5.16 ± 1.81 vs 2.97 ± 0.89, p = 0.001) were significantly high in the study group. The median serum CRP levels were not significantly different between groups (1 [1-12] vs 1 [1-19] g/dL, p = 0.286).
The present study demonstrated that the levels of BNP, CRP and homocystein were not different in PCOS subjects. Serum insulin levels and HOMA-IR were significantly higher in PCOS subjects. Possible serum markers for PCOS-related metabolic abnormalities and cardiovascular events, may not present in the adolescent years.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To evaluate the asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA) and nitric oxide (NO) levels in obese and lean patients with polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) and find out their relation with hormonal and metabolic parameters.
Twenty-two obese, 18 lean patients with PCOS and 11 obese, 24 lean healthy control patients were enrolled prospectively. Plasma ADMA and NO levels and arginine/ADMA ratio were evaluated on 3rd day of menstrual cycle after at least 10 h overnight fasting.
Plasma ADMA, NO levels and arginine/ADMA ratio were similar in the groups. ADMA level did not correlate with the hormonal and metabolic parameters in patients with PCOS. However, NO correlated inversely with fasting insulin (r = -0.353, p = 0.041) and homeostasis model of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) (r = -0.379, p = 0.027). Arginine/ADMA ratio also correlated inversely with fasting insulin (r = -0.339, p = 0.050). In multinomial regression analysis the risk of low NO was associated independently with high fasting insulin (OR = 1.19, 95% CI 1.001-1.42, p = 0.049) and high HOMA-IR in patients with PCOS (OR = 2.26, 95% CI 1.03-4.98, p = 0.042).
Insulin resistance may be the underlying mechanism of endothelial dysfunction through NO pathway in PCOS.