ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Granulocyte mobilization and harvesting, the two major phases of granulocyte collection, have not been standardized. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: The data on 123 granulocyte collections were retrospectively investigated for the effect of the mobilization regimen and the harvesting technique. After a single subcutaneous dose (600 µg) of granulocyte-colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) with (n = 68) or without (n = 40) 8 mg of orally administered dexamethasone, 108 granulocyte donors underwent granulocyte collections. Moreover, 15 peripheral blood stem cell (PBSC) donors who had received 400 µg/m(2) or 10 µg/kg G-CSF for 5 days underwent granulocyte collections on the day after the last PBSC collections (PBSC-GTX donors). Granulocyte harvesting was performed by leukapheresis with (n = 108) or without (n = 15) using high-molecular-weight hydroxyethyl starch (HES). RESULTS: Granulocyte donors who received mobilization with G-CSF plus dexamethasone produced significantly higher granulocyte yields than those who received G-CSF alone (7.2 × 10(10) ± 2.0 × 10(10) vs. 5.7 × 10(10) ± 1.7 × 10(10) , p = 0.006). PBSC-GTX donors produced a remarkably high granulocyte yield (9.7 × 10(10) ± 2.3 × 10(10) ). The use of HES was associated with better granulocyte collection efficiency (42 ± 7.8% vs. 10 ± 9.1%, p < 0.0001). CONCLUSION: G-CSF plus dexamethasone produces higher granulocyte yields than G-CSF alone. Granulocyte collection from PBSC donors appears to be a rational strategy, since it produces high granulocyte yields when the related patients are at a high risk for infection and reduces difficulties in finding granulocyte donors. HES should be used in apheresis procedures.
Transfusion 04/2012; · 3.22 Impact Factor