Ralf W Bauer

University Hospital Frankfurt, Frankfurt, Hesse, Germany

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Publications (65)166.6 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Low-tube-voltage acquisition has been shown to facilitate substantial dose savings for neck CT with similar image contrast compared with standard 120-kVp acquisition. However, its potential for the detection of neck pathologies is uncertain. Our aim was to evaluate the effects of low-tube-voltage 80-kV(peak) acquisitions for neck CT on diagnostic accuracy and interobserver agreement.
    AJNR. American journal of neuroradiology. 08/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: To intra-individually compare single-portal-phase low-tube-voltage (100-kVp) computed tomography (CT) with 120-kVp images for short-term follow-up assessment of CT severity index (CTSI) of acute pancreatitis, interobserver agreement and radiation dose.
    European radiology. 07/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Objective To investigate the impact of automated attenuation-based tube potential selection on image quality and exposure parameters in polytrauma patients undergoing contrast-enhanced thoraco-abdominal CT. Methods One hundred patients were examined on a 16-slice device at 120 kV with 190 ref.mAs and automated mA modulation only. Another 100 patients underwent 128-slice CT with automated mA modulation and topogram-based automated tube potential selection (autokV) at 100, 120 or 140 kV. Volume CT dose index (CTDIvol), dose–length product (DLP), body diameters, noise, signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) and subjective image quality were compared. Results In the autokV group, 100 kV was automatically selected in 82 patients, 120 kV in 12 patients and 140 kV in 6 patients. Patient diameters increased with higher kV settings. The median CTDIvol (8.3 vs. 12.4 mGy; −33 %) and DLP (594 vs. 909 mGy cm; −35 %) in the entire autokV group were significantly lower than in the group with fixed 120 kV (p < 0.05 for both). Image quality remained at a constantly high level at any selected kV level. Conclusion Topogram-based automated selection of the tube potential allows for significant dose savings in thoraco-abdominal trauma CT while image quality remains at a constantly high level. Key Points • Automated kV selection in thoraco-abdominal trauma CT results in significant dose savings • Most patients benefit from a 100-kV protocol with relevant DLP reduction • Constantly good image quality is ensured • Image quality benefits from higher kV when arms are positioned downward
    European Radiology 07/2014; 24(7). · 4.34 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects on objective and subjective image quality of virtual monoenergetic reconstructions at various energy levels of dual-energy computed tomography (DECT) in patients with head and neck cancer.
    Investigative Radiology 05/2014; · 5.46 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To compare non-linear and linear blending of cardiac dual-energy computed tomography (DECT) for optimal visualization of late iodine enhancement (LIE) in patients with chronic myocardial infarction (CMI). LIE-DECT data from 20 patients with known CMI were retrospectively analyzed. Images were reconstructed using non-linear blending center and width settings in the range of 0-500. Linear blending was performed with weighting factors 0.8 (80 % 100 kV, 20 % 140 kV), 0.6 and 0.3. 100-/140-kV data and blended images were analyzed. Contrast and percentage signal differences between infarcted and healthy myocardium and the left ventricle blood pool were computed. Statistical analysis was performed using repeated-measures analysis of variance and post hoc t tests. Non-linear blending showed the highest signal differences for all contrasts and analyses. Repeated-measures ANOVA tests confirmed the statistical differences between the investigated blending techniques (P < 0.01). Paired-samples post hoc t tests confirmed the significance of these results (P < 0.04). The ideal non-linear blending settings for best demarcation of CMI from healthy myocardium were a center of 65.8 ± 23.2 and a width of 0.0 ± 0.0. Non-linear blending of LIE-DECT improves display of LIE in patients with CMI in comparison with linear blending and non-post-processed image data from 100-/140-kV.
    The international journal of cardiovascular imaging 05/2014; · 2.15 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate image quality and diagnostic accuracy of selective monoenergetic reconstructions of late iodine enhancement (LIE) dual-energy computed tomography (DECT) for imaging of chronic myocardial infarction (CMI). Twenty patients with a history of coronary bypass surgery underwent cardiac LIE-DECT and late gadolinium enhancement (LGE) magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). LIE-DECT images were reconstructed as selective monoenergetic spectral images with photon energies of 40, 60, 80, and 100 keV and the standard linear blending setting (M_0.6). Images were assessed for late enhancement, transmural extent, signal characteristics and subjective image quality. Seventy-nine myocardial segments (23 %) showed LGE. LIE-DECT detected 76 lesions. Images obtained at 80 keV and M_0.6 showed a high signal-to-noise ratio (15.9; 15.1), contrast-to-noise ratio (4.2; 4.0) and sensitivity (94.9 %; 92.4 %) while specificity was identical (99.6 %). Differences between these series were not statistically significant. Transmural extent of LIE was overestimated in both series (80 keV: 40 %; M_0.6: 35 %) in comparison to MRI. However, observers preferred 80 keV in 13/20 cases (65 %, κ = 0.634) over M_0.6 (4/20 cases) regarding subjective image quality. Post-processing of LIE-DECT data with selective monoenergetic reconstructions at 80 keV significantly improves subjective image quality while objective image quality shows no significant difference compared to standard linear blending. • Late enhancement dual-energy CT allows for detection of chronic myocardial infarction. • Monoenergetic reconstructions at 80 keV significantly improve subjective image quality. • 80 keV and standard linear blending reconstructions show no significant differences. • Extent of CMI detected with LIE-DECT is overestimated compared with MRI.
    European Radiology 03/2014; · 4.34 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Purpose To evaluate the feasibility of phantomless in vivo dual-energy computed tomography (CT)-based three-dimensional (3D) bone mineral density (BMD) assessment in comparison with dual x-ray absorptiometry (DXA). Materials and Methods This retrospective study was approved by the institutional review board, and the requirement to obtain informed consent was waived. Data from clinically indicated dual-energy CT and DXA examinations within 2 months, comprising the lumbar spine of 40 patients, were included. By using automated dedicated postprocessing dual-energy CT software, the trabecular bone of lumbar vertebrae L1-L4 were analyzed and segmented. A mixed-effects model was used to assess the correlations between BMD values derived from dual-energy CT and DXA. Results One hundred sixty lumbar vertebrae were analyzed in 40 patients (mean age, 57.1 years; range, 24-85 years), 21 male (mean age, 54.3 years; range, 24-85 years) and 19 female (mean age, 58.5 years; range, 31-80 years). Mean BMD of L1-L4 determined with DXA was 0.995 g/cm(2), and 18 patients (45%) showed an osteoporotic BMD (T score less than -2.5) of at least two vertebrae. Mean dual-energy CT-based BMD of L1-L4 was 0.254 g/cm(3). Bland-Altman analysis with mixed effects demonstrated a lack of correlation between dual-energy CT-based and DXA-based BMD values, with a mean difference of 0.7441 and 95% limits of agreement of 0.7441 ± 0.4080. Conclusion Dedicated postprocessing of dual-energy CT data allows for phantomless in vivo BMD assessment of the trabecular bone of lumbar vertebrae and enables freely rotatable color-coded 3D visualization of intravertebral BMD distribution. © RSNA, 2014.
    Radiology 01/2014; · 6.34 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Computed tomography (CT) is the gold standard for evaluation of pulmonary nodules and is at the same time responsible for the majority of the collective effective dose. To evaluate radiation dose and efficacy of computer-assisted detection (CAD) for solid pulmonary nodules in low dose chest CT performed at 70 kV. CAD was performed upon chest CT with 70 kV and 100 kV (gold standard) at manufacture's recommended tube current of 87 mAs (collimation, 64 × 0.6 mm). Detection rate for pulmonary nodules and size measurements of both techniques were compared to each other. Radiation dosage in terms of effective dose (E) was measured using an Alderson-Rando Phantom. Seventy-four patients with 301 solid nodules were included in the study. CAD detection rate was similar for 70 kV (94.7%) and 100 kV (92.4%). Mean transversal nodule diameter was 5.5 mm for 70 kV and 5.7 mm for 100 kV with an average volume of 0.12 mL (both techniques). Derived from the phantom measurements patient examinations resulted in an E of 0.51 mSv (70 kV) versus 2.02 mSv (100 kV). 70 kV low-dose chest CT is suitable for CAD based lung nodule analysis at a fraction of the radiation burden of the standard technique. Since the measurements are highly accurate, 70 kV CT could be used for detection of pulmonal lesions as well as follow-up studies.
    Acta Radiologica 11/2013; · 1.33 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE:Acute intracranial hemorrhage represents a severe and time critical pathology that requires precise and quick diagnosis, mainly by performing a CT scan. The purpose of this study was to compare image quality and intracranial hemorrhage conspicuity in brain CT with sinogram-affirmed iterative reconstruction and filtered back-projection reconstruction techniques at standard (340 mAs) and low-dose tube current levels (260 mAs).MATERIALS AND METHODS:A total of 94 consecutive patients with intracranial hemorrhage received CT scans either with standard or low-dose protocol by random assignment. Group 1 (n=54; mean age, 64 ± 20 years) received CT at 340 mAs, and group 2 (n=40; mean age, 57 ± 23 years) received CT at 260 mAs. Images of both groups were reconstructed with filtered back-projection reconstruction and 5 iterative strengths (S1-S5) and ranked blind by 2 radiologists for image quality and intracranial hemorrhage on a 5-point scale. Image noise, SNR, dose-length product (mGycm), and mean effective dose (mSv) were calculated.RESULTS:In both groups, image quality and intracranial hemorrhage conspicuity were rated subjectively with an excellent/good image quality. A higher strength of sinogram-affirmed iterative reconstruction showed an increase in image quality with a difference to filtered back-projection reconstruction (P < .05). Subjective rating showed the best score of image quality and intracranial hemorrhage conspicuity achieved through S3/S4-5. Objective analysis of image quality showed in an increase of SNR with a higher strength of sinogram-affirmed iterative reconstruction. Patients in group 2 (mean: 744 mGycm/1.71 mSv) were exposed to a significantly lower dose than those in group 1 (mean: 1045 mGycm/2.40 mSv, P < .01).CONCLUSIONS:S3 provides better image quality and visualization of intracranial hemorrhage in brain CT at 260 mAs. Dose reduction by almost one-third is possible without significant loss in diagnostic quality.
    American Journal of Neuroradiology 11/2013; · 3.17 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate whether dual-energy computed tomography (DECT)-derived iodine content and iodine overlay could differentiate between normal, inflammatory and metastatic squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) cervical lymph nodes. This study was approved by the institutional review board. Sixteen patients with normal lymph nodes, 20 patients with enlarged nodes draining deep cervical inflammations and 23 patients with pathologically proved metastatic SCC nodes who underwent contrast enhanced DECT were retrospectively identified. Iodine content and overlay of 36 normal, 43 inflammatory and 52 metastatic lymph nodes were calculated using circular regions of interest and compared among the three groups. A receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was used to determine the sensitivity and specificity of iodine content and overlay for diagnosis of metastatic nodes. Iodine content (mg/ml) was significantly lower for metastatic lymph nodes (2.34 ± 0.45) than for normal (2.86 ± 0.37) and inflammatory (3.53 ± 0.56) lymph nodes, P < 0.0001. Iodine overlay (HU) was also significantly lower for metastatic lymph nodes (47 ± 11.6) than normal (57.4 ± 8.2) and inflammatory nodes (69.3 ± 11.5), P < 0.0001. The areas under the ROC curve for iodine content and iodine overlay were 0.923 and 0.896. DECT-derived iodine content and overlay differ significantly among normal, inflammatory and metastatic SCC cervical lymph nodes. • Derived iodine content can be calculated from contrast-enhanced dual-energy CT. • Derived iodine content and iodine overlay could help characterise cervical lymph nodes. • Iodine parameters were significantly lower in metastatic lymph nodes than normal/inflammatory lymph nodes. • Iodine content appears more sensitive than iodine overlay for lymph node characterisation.
    European Radiology 10/2013; · 4.34 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The objective of this study was to evaluate the diagnostic performance of 2 different imaging systems in adult bedside chest radiography and the impact on the visibility of selected diagnostically relevant structures in the images acquired with these systems, with and without an antiscatter grid. We acquired bedside chest radiographs of 103 intensive-care patients (36 women, 67 men; age range, 17-90 years; mean age, 66.4 years) using 4 acquisition techniques (computed radiography [CR] and digital radiography [DR], with and without grid). Image quality was evaluated independently by 4 radiologists using a 9-point visibility scale. Evaluated were lung parenchyma, soft tissues, thoracic spine, foreign bodies, and the overall image quality. Interobserver agreement and differences between the systems were tested using an interclass correlation (ICC) test. Mean scores were compared using the analysis of variance, followed by the post hoc pairwise testing (the Tukey test) in case of multiple group comparisons and by the Student t test in case of single group comparisons (P < 0.05, significant). The image quality of the structures evaluated in the DR images with a grid was significantly higher than that obtained without a grid (P < 0.001) for all structures. The use of a grid in CR significantly improved the overall image quality, lung parenchyma, and soft tissue delineation (P < 0.001). Foreign body delineation, however, was significantly better in the CR images obtained without a grid (P < 0.001), whereas the 2 systems showed no significant difference regarding thoracic spine delineation (P = 0.554). The scores of the DR images were significantly higher than those of the CR images for all structures. The interobserver agreement was substantial for lung parenchyma (ICC, 0.77), soft tissue (ICC, 0.78), thoracic spine (ICC, 0.80), and the overall image quality (ICC, 0.78) and was almost perfect for foreign bodies (ICC, 0.81). The use of an antiscatter grid significantly improved the image quality of bedside DR radiographs. A similar effect was seen with CR radiographs but only for lung parenchyma, soft tissue, and the overall image quality. Mobile DR outperformed CR in all structures.
    Investigative radiology 09/2013; · 4.85 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The purpose of the study was to compare the performance of late iodine-enhancement (LIE) dual-energy computed tomography (DECT) linear blending and selective myocardial iodine mapping for the detection of chronic myocardial infarction (CMI) with late gadolinium-enhancement (LGE) 3-T magnetic resonance imaging. This study was approved by the institutional review board, and the patients gave informed consent. A total of 20 patients with a history of CMI underwent cardiac LIE-DECT and LGE-MRI. Images of the LIE-DECT were reconstructed as 100 kilovolt (peak) (kV[p]), 140 kV(p), and weighted-average (WA; linear blending) images from low- and high-kilovoltage peak data using 3 different weighting factors (0.8, 0.6, 0.3). Additional color-coded myocardial iodine distribution maps were calculated. The images were reviewed for the presence of late enhancement, transmural extent, signal characteristics, infarct volume, and subjective image quality. Segmental analysis of LIE-DECT data from 100 kV(p), WA of 0.8, and WA of 0.6 showed identical results for the identification of CMI (89% sensitivity, 98% specificity, 96% accuracy) and correctly identified all segments with transmural scarring detected through LGE-MRI. Weighted average of 0.6 received the best subjective image quality rating (15/20 votes) and average measured infarct size correlated best with LGE-MRI (5.7% difference). In comparison with LGE-MRI, iodine distribution maps were susceptible to false-positive and false-negative findings (52% sensitivity, 88% specificity, 81% accuracy), overestimating quantity of transmural scars by 78% while underestimating infarct volume by 55%. Late iodine enhancement cardiac dual-energy computed tomography correlates well with LGE-MRI for detecting CMI, whereas iodine distribution analysis provides inferior accuracy. Linear blending further improves image quality and enables more precise estimation of scar volume.
    Investigative Radiology 07/2013; · 5.46 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: PURPOSE: To assess the influence of experience and training on the proficiency in coronary CT angiography (CCTA) interpretation of practitioners with different levels of experience. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Nine radiologist and cardiologist observers with varying prior CCTA experience ranging from novice to expert independently analyzed two case series of 50 catheter-correlated CCTA studies for coronary artery stenosis (0%, ≤49%, 50-74%, 75-99%, or 100%). Results of the first case series were unblinded and presented along with catheter angiography results to each reader before proceeding to the second series. Diagnostic accuracy on a per-segment basis was compared for all readers and both case series, respectively. RESULTS: Correlation coefficients between CCTA and catheter angiography initially ranged between good (r=0.87) and poor (r=0.26), depending on reader experience, and significantly (p<0.05) improved in the second case series (range: r=0.42 to r=0.91). Diagnostic accuracy was significantly (p<0.05) higher for more experienced readers (range: 96.5-97.8%) as compared to less experienced observers (range: 90.7-93.6%). After completion of the second case series for less experienced readers sensitivity and PPV significantly (p<0.05) improved (range: 62.7-67.8%/51.4-84.1%), but still remained significantly (p<0.05) lower as compared to more experienced observers (range: 89.8-93.3%/80.6-93.3%). CONCLUSION: The level of experience appears to be a strong determinant of proficiency in CCTA interpretation. Limited one-time training improves proficiency in novice readers, but not to clinically satisfactory levels.
    European journal of radiology 04/2013; · 2.65 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: PURPOSE: A high-pitch dual-source CT (DSCT) was compared to a standard single-source CT protocol in terms of dose and image quality for malignant lymphoma staging. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data from 43 patients who underwent DSCT (group 1) of the neck for staging of malignant lymphoma and 40 patients who underwent regular single source CT (group 2) were investigated retrospectively. Volume CT dose index (CTDIvol), dose length product (DLP), background noise (BN), attenuation values, signal-to-noise-ratio (SNR), scan time, effective tube current-time product (eff. mAs), subjective diagnostic image quality and artifact burden were compared. RESULTS: CTDIvol (5.5±0.8 mGy vs. 12.4±1.4 mGy), DLP (172±27mGycm vs. 344±60mGycm, p<0.0001), eff. mAs (98±15mAs vs. 183±20mAs, p<0.0001) and scan time (0.64±0.05s vs. 8.21±0.72s) were lower for group 1. BN was higher (p<0.001) for group 1 with a mean difference of 2.6 HU. SNR for sternocleidomastoid and pectoral muscle was lower (6.6-12.3 vs. 7.8-19.1) for group 1. Subjective image quality (1.55±0.6 vs. 1.42±0.5) and artifact burden (1.62±1.0 vs. 1.57±0.9) were not rated significantly different (p=0.47 and p=0.80) with a good inter-observer agreement (κ=0.59-0.90). CONCLUSION: High-pitch DSCT allows reduction of patient dose for cervical lymphoma staging while diagnostic image quality is preserved.
    European journal of radiology 02/2013; · 2.65 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVE: To investigate the bolus geometry in high-pitch CT angiography (CTA) of the aorta without ECG synchronisation in comparison to single-source CT. METHODS: Overall 160 consecutive patients underwent CTA either in conventional single-source mode with a pitch of 1.2 (group 1), or in dual-source mode with a pitch of 3.0 (groups 2, 3 and 4) using different contrast media timings with bolus triggering at 140HU (5s, group 1; 10s, group 2; 12s, group 3; 14s, group 4). Contrast material, saline flush, flow rate and kV/mAs settings were kept equal for optimum comparability. Aortic attenuation was measured along the z-axis of the patient at different anatomic landmarks and subjective image quality was compared. RESULTS: The most homogeneous enhancement of the aorta was reached with a delay of 10s after reaching the trigger threshold. The imaging length was not significantly different, but the examination time was significantly (p<0.001) shorter in the high-pitch group (7.7s vs. 1.7s for group 1 vs. 2, 3 and 4). CONCLUSION: In high-pitch CT angiography using a start delay of 10s after a trigger threshold of 140HU in the descending aorta is reached, a homogenous contrast along the z-axis is accomplished.
    European journal of radiology 01/2013; · 2.65 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We investigated a novel sequence with radial k-space sampling, gridding and sliding window reconstruction with bSSFP contrast that allows for true real-time functional cardiac evaluation independent from respiration and ECG triggering. 12 healthy volunteers underwent 1.5 T cardiac MRI. Single-shot short axis views were acquired with a) standard retrospectively ECG-gated segmented breath-hold (bh) bSSFP and with the real-time radial bSSFP sequence with a nominal temporal resolution of b) 16 fps (frames per second) and c) 40 fps. Radial bSSFP were acquired during free breathing without ECG synchronization. Left ventricular functional parameters (EDV, ESV, SV and EF) were compared and quality of wall motion depiction was assessed. Contrast-to-noise-ratio (CNR) of myocardium/blood pool in the left ventricle was calculated. EF showed excellent correlation (Bland-Altman r = 0.99; Lin rho = 0.91) between bh-bSSFP (65 %) and 40 fps radial (64 %) and moderate correlation (r = 0.84, rho = 0.20) with 16 fps radial bSSFP (56 %). While EDV was in good agreement for all three sequences, ESV was significantly overestimated with 16 fps radial bSSFP. Despite lower CNR, image quality for wall motion assessment was rated significantly better for 40 fps compared to 16 fps radial bSSFP due to the faster temporal resolution. Left ventricular functional analysis with fast true real-time radial bSSFP is in good agreement with standard ECG-gated bh-bSSFP. The independency from ECG synchronization and breathing promises a robust method for patients with impaired cardiopulmonary status in whom breath-hold and good quality ECG cannot be achieved.
    The international journal of cardiovascular imaging 01/2013; · 2.15 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE:CT in low dose technique is the criterion standard imaging modality for evaluation of the paranasal sinus. Our aim was to evaluate the dose-reduction potential of a recently available sinogram-affirmed iterative reconstruction technique, regarding noise, image quality, and time duration when evaluating this region.MATERIALS AND METHODS:CT was performed on a phantom head at different tube voltages (120 kV, 100 kV) and currents (100 mAs, 50 mAs, 25 mAs). Each protocol was reconstructed (in soft tissue and bony kernel) by using standard filtered back-projection and 5 different SAFIRE strengths, and image noise was evaluated. Subjective image quality was evaluated on noise-aligned image triplets acquired at tube currents of 100% (FBP), 50% (SAFIRE), and 25% (SAFIRE) by using a 5-point scale (1 = worst, 5 = best). The time duration for image reconstruction was noted for calculations with FBP and SAFIRE.RESULTS:SAFIRE reduced image noise by 15%-85%, depending on the iterative strength, rendering kernel, and dose parameters. Noise reduction was stronger at a bone kernel algorithm both in 1- and 3-mm images (P < .05). Subjective quality evaluation of the noise-adapted images showed preference for those acquired at 100% tube current with FBP (4.7-5.0) versus 50% dose with SAFIRE (3.4-4.4) versus 25% dose with SAFIRE (2.0-3.1). The time duration for FBP image sets was 2.9-6.6 images per second versus SAFIRE with 0.9-1.6 images per second.CONCLUSIONS:For CT of the paranasal sinus, SAFIRE algorithms are suitable for image-noise reduction. Because image quality decreases with dosage, careful choice of the appropriate iterative method is necessary to achieve an optimal balance between image noise and quality.
    American Journal of Neuroradiology 12/2012; · 3.17 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficiency of automatic bone removal in dual-energy CT angiography (CTA) of the trunk. Nineteen patients underwent dual-energy CTA of the trunk (tube A, 140 kV; tube B, 100 kV). In addition to the dual-energy dataset, an image equivalent to that of a standard 120-kV single-energy examination was generated with both tubes. Automated bone segmentation was performed on both datasets, and the results were analyzed. The time required for and subjective image quality of the maximum intensity projections (MIPs) generated were evaluated. Errors in bone segmentation were found for 1.5% of bones on dual-energy images and 12.4% of bones on single-energy images (p < 0.01). The most important differences were found in the rib cage, sternum, and pelvis. The times required for postprocessing of MIPs were similar for the dual-energy (113.5 seconds) and single-energy (106.8 seconds) techniques. The subjective image quality of the arteries was considered better for dual-energy CTA (4.5 points) than for single-energy CTA (4.1 points) owing to false cutoff of vessels during the bone removal process on the single-energy images (p = 0.026). For CTA of the trunk, the dual-energy postprocessing capabilities for 3D visualization are superior to the threshold-based bone removal of single-energy CT. Dual-energy CTA can generate boneless MIP images of substantial quality.
    American Journal of Roentgenology 11/2012; 199(5):W646-50. · 2.90 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: PURPOSE: To quantify the change in volume in herniated lumbar disk after computed tomography (CT)-guided intradiscal and periganglionic ozone-oxygen injection and to assess the effects of patient age, sex, and initial disk volume on disk volume changes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 283 patients with lumbar radiculopathy received a single intradiscal (3 mL) and periganglionic (7 mL) injection of an ozone-oxygen mixture (ratio, 3:97; ozone concentration, 30 μg/mL). Under CT guidance, intradiscal and periganglionic injection was performed through an extraspinal lateral approach with a 22-gauge spinal needle. All disk volume changes were evaluated on CT 6 months after the procedure in all patients. RESULTS: Initial mean disk volume was 17.37 cm(3) ± 4.70 (standard deviation; range, 8.12-29.15 cm(3)). Disk volume reduction (mean, 7.70% ± 5.45; range, 0.29%-22.31%) was seen in 96.1% of treated disks (n = 272) at 6 months after treatment and was found to be statistically significant (P < .0001). In 3.9% of patients (n = 11), disk volume increased (mean, 0.59% ± 0.24; range, 0.11%-0.81%). Patient age correlated negatively with disk volume reduction (r = -0.505; P < .0001) at 6 months after treatment, whereas initial disk volume correlated positively with volume reduction (r = 0.225; P = .00014) after therapy. No correlation was noted between patient sex and disk volume reduction after treatment (P = .09). CONCLUSIONS: Intradiscal administration of medical ozone is associated with a statistically significant volume reduction of the herniated lumbar disk. The volume-reduction effect of ozone correlates negatively with the patient's age and positively with initial disk volume.
    Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology 09/2012; · 2.00 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

269 Citations
166.60 Total Impact Points


  • 2013–2014
    • University Hospital Frankfurt
      Frankfurt, Hesse, Germany
  • 2007–2013
    • Goethe-Universität Frankfurt am Main
      • Institut für Diagnostische und Interventionelle Radiologie
      Frankfurt am Main, Hesse, Germany
  • 2009
    • Medical University of South Carolina
      • Department of Radiology
      Charleston, SC, United States