ABSTRACT: Lead selenide nanoparticles (PbSe NPs) have been obtained through an easy and low cost route using colloidal synthesis in aqueous solution. The synthesis was carried out at room temperature using Extran (Na₅P₃O₁₀, NaOH and H₂O) as surfactant. Hydrochloric acid (HCl) was used to eliminate the generated by-products. The size of PbSe NPs was varied by changing the Pb:Se molar concentration. The PbSe NPs were characterized by powder x-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), energy dispersive x-ray analysis (EDAX), high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM) and Raman spectroscopy. The XRD measurements showed that the PbSe NPs have the face-centered cubic phase structure. The crystal size was found to be between 14 and 20 nm as calculated from the XRD patterns and these values were corroborated with SEM and TEM. Additionally, HRTEM micrographs showed crystalline planes at (200), (220) and (111) of the PbSe NPs, in agreement with the XRD results.
Nanotechnology 05/2012; 23(18):185602. · 3.98 Impact Factor