Mojtaba Mansouri

Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Ostān-e Eşfahān, Iran

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Publications (3)1.79 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Bleeding diathesis and allogenic transfusion after complex heart surgery, such as heart valve surgery, may result in complications such as transfusion reaction, viral infection, postoperative infection, haemodynamic disturbance, prolonged stay in the intensive care unit and hospital, renal and respiratory failure and mortality. In this prospective, double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled clinical trial, 90 patients were randomly divided into three groups: aprotinin, tranexamic acid and control. Chest-tube drainage, transfusion requirements and renal and neurological complications were evaluated. We found that chest-tube drainage during the first (P < 0.0001) and second 24 h (P = 0.001) after admission to the intensive care unit were significantly lower in the aprotinin group. The amounts of transfused packed red blood cells (P < 0.0001) and platelets (P = 0.02) were significantly lower in the aprotinin and tranexamic acid groups. The quantity of transfused fresh frozen plasma (P = 0.034) was significantly lower in the aprotinin group only. We did not find any neurological complications or renal failure in the three groups. Our data suggest that in valvular heart surgery, low-dose aprotinin is significantly better than tranexamic acid or a placebo for reduction of postoperative bleeding and allogenic transfusion, without increasing adverse outcomes.
    Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery 04/2012; 15(1):23-7. · 1.11 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to determine the efficacy of bilateral intrapleural block with bupivacaine as a preemptive analgesic for postoperative pain in coronary artery bypass graft surgery. In a double-blind prospective clinical trial, 70 patients were randomly divided into a bupivacaine group (20 mL bupivacaine 0.25% and 0.5 mL adrenaline 1/200,000 each side) and a control group (20.5 mL normal saline each side). Evaluation of the severity of pain was performed using the visual analog scale at 12 and 24 h after entering the intensive care unit and again during chest tube removal. Pain scores at 12 and 24 h after intensive care unit admission were significantly lower in the bupivacaine group. There were no side-effects related to intrapleural block, such as pneumothorax or emphysema. In coronary artery bypass graft candidates, preemptive analgesia with bilateral intrapleural block using bupivacaine provided relatively less painful conditions during the first 24 h after surgery, but it did not improve the clinical outcome.
    Asian cardiovascular & thoracic annals 04/2011; 19(2):133-8.
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    ABSTRACT: Postsurgical pain usually results in some complications in the patients. This study has tried to investigate the effects of parasternal single injection of bupivacaine on postoperative pulmonary and pain consequences in patients after open heart surgery. In a prospective double blind clinical study, 100 consenting patients undergoing elective open heart surgery were randomized into two groups. In case group, bupivacaine was injected at both sides of sternum, immediately before sternal closure. In the control group, no intervention was performed. Then, the patients were investigated regarding intubation period, length of ICU stay, arterial blood gas (ABG) parameters, morphine requirement, and their severity of postoperative pain using a visual analogue scale (VAS) device. No differences were found between the two groups regarding to age, sex, pump time, operation time, and body mass index and preoperative cardiac ejection fraction. Mean intubation length in case group was much shorter than that in control group. Mean PaO(2) in case group was lower in different checking times in postoperative period. The patients in the case group needed less morphine compared to those in the control group during the 24-hour observation period in the ICU. Finally, mean VAS scores of pain in case group were significantly lower than those in control group at 6, 12, and 24 hours postoperatively. Patients' pain relief by parasternal single injection of bupivacaine in early postoperative period can facilitate earlier ventilator weaning and tracheal extubation after open heart surgery as well as achieving lower pain scores and narcotic requirements.
    Journal of research in medical sciences 04/2011; 16(4):477-83. · 0.68 Impact Factor