[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Formaldehyde is a low molecular weight chemical and can elicit acute and chronic health related problems. Most of the inhaled formaldehyde is retained in the upper respiratory tract due to its extraordinary solubility. Therefore, cases of formaldehyde-induced occupational asthma are sporadic despite its widespread use in industrial processes. We herein report upon a case of occupational asthma due to formaldehyde, which was confirmed by workplace challenge including working environmental assessments, and by formaldehyde inhalation challenge using a specially designed closed-circuit apparatus. To investigate the possible involvement of an IgE-mediated mechanism, both in vitro and in vivo tests were done. IgE antibody specific for formaldehyde-human serum albumin conjugate (F-HSA) was not detected by ELISA, and no specific cutaneous reactivity to F-HSA was noted by either skin prick or intradermal test. The patient was diagnosed with formaldehyde-induced occupational asthma not associated with an IgE mediated mechanism.
Yonsei Medical Journal 09/2001; 42(4):440-5. · 1.26 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Cockroaches have been implicated as a cause of respiratory allergy in urban areas worldwide. IgE-reactive German cockroach proteins were identified with molecular weights (MWs) of 90, 66, 50, 43 and 36 KD by immunoblot analysis in both immune BALB/c mice and sensitized humans. Prominent IgE-reactive proteins were purified using FPLC by ion-exchange chromatography, gel filtration and hydrophobic chromatography. The N-terminal amino acid sequence of a purified protein with a MW of 66 KD on SDS-PAGE was Val-Thr-Leu-Lys-Lys(Val)-Met-Ile-Lys-Thr-Phe-Tyr. No homologous protein was found through a search of GenBank that indicated a novel IgE-reactive protein in German cockroach extract. Another purified protein with a MW of 36 KD reacted strongly with a monoclonal antibody against Bla g 2.
Yonsei Medical Journal 07/1999; 40(3):283-9. · 1.26 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: House dust mites are the most common cause of allergic sensitization in respiratory allergic patients in the world. Tyrophagus putrescentiae (TP), which was followed by Dermatophagoides farinae (DF) and Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus (DP), has been reported as the third most common house mite in Korea. We previously reported that many respiratory allergic patients had become concomitantly sensitized to DP, DF and TP. The aims of this study were to identify the allergic components of TP and to evaluate the cross-reactivity between TP and DP. The allergenic components of TP and DP extracts were determined with SDS-PAGE and IgE immunoblotting analysis. The cross-reactivity as evaluated by ELISA inhibition and inhibitory immunoblotting experiments. According the SDS-PAGE, the protein components of the two extracts were somewhat different, although a few components displayed identical molecular weights. The 18 kD protein of TP was the most prevalent allergen in the sera of patients sensitized to TP and DP. Both of the maximum inhibition percentages of optic densities of TP-specific IgE in ELISA with TP and DP extract were 100%, respectively and the 50% inhibitory dose (ID50) of TP extract and DP extract were 0.01 micrograms/ml and 0.02 micrograms/ml, respectively. Maximum inhibition of optic densities of DP-specific IgE in ELISA with TP and DP extracts were 29% and 100%, respectively and the ID50 of DP extract was 0.007 micrograms/ml. On inhibitory immunoblotting of DP specific IgE, 5 micrograms/ml of TP extract completely inhibited 16 kD without inhibiting the other allergic component. Whereas, on inhibitory immunoblotting of TP-specific IgE, 5 micrograms/ml of DP extract completely inhibited all the IgE binding components of TP. These results suggested that the major allergen of TP may be the 18 kD component and we also concluded that TP allergens have a strong cross-reactivity with DP extracts, but that DP allergens only have partial cross-reactivity with TP extracts.
Yonsei Medical Journal 05/1998; 39(2):109-15. · 1.26 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Measurement of eosinophil percentages and ECP concentration in induced sputum may be useful in the diagnosis and assessment of the variability of airway inflammation in bronchial asthma (BA). To evaluate the usefulness of sputum eosinophil counts and ECP concentrations in the diagnosis of BA, we measured these parameters in 68 patients with respiratory complaints. In addition, we followed-up 14 BA patients with variable airflow limitation for 45.4 +/- 10.4 days. The BA group (n = 41) showed a higher percentage of sputum eosinophilia (24.5 +/- 7.6 vs. 2.2 +/- 2.9%, p < 0.001) and a higher level of sputum ECP (198.2 vs. 90.6 micrograms/L, p < 0.05) than those in the nonasthmatic group (NBA, n = 27). The sensitivity and specificity of sputum eosinophilia (> or = 5%) for the diagnosis of BA were 85.4% and 92.6%, respectively, which were better than the sensitivity (68.3%) and specificity (55.5%) of the increased level of sputum ECP (> or = 100 micrograms/L). Patients with moderate-to-severe persistent BA had a higher percentage of sputum eosinophil (n = 23, 34.6 +/- 10.6%) than those of mild persistent BA (n = 18, 10.7 +/- 5.2%, p < 0.01), but we could not find significant difference in ECP levels between mild persistent and moderate-to-severe persistent asthma. The percentages of sputum eosinophilia showed a moderate correlation with ECP (r = 0.4358, p < 0.01) and with the peak expiratory flow rate (PFR, r = -0.4746, p < 0.01) but sputum ECP did not correlate with PFR. In 14 BA patients who were followed, there was a relationship between changes of PFR and the percentage of sputum eosinophil (r = -0.7238, p < 0.01), but the change of PFR did not correlate with the change of sputum ECP levels. These results suggest that the sputum eosinophil count and sputum ECP level could be helpful in the diagnosis of BA, but that sputum ECP is not satisfactory for the assessment of variability of airway eosinophilic inflammation during the initial anti-inflammatory management of BA.
Allergy and Asthma Proceedings 03/1998; 19(2):61-7. · 3.35 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Although the use of sheep in total artificial heart (TAH) implantation has many advantages, they are known to show a significant morbidity rate on cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB); this has been considered to be a major limiting factor in using them for TAH experiments. We conducted a series of ovine CPB experiments to evaluate the sheep's pathophysiological response to CPB. CPB-related hemolysis, bleeding, and lung dysfunction were analyzed in 5 sheep, which had undergone CPB, used at our hospital for TAH implantation. Four of the 5 sheep survived the experimental procedures, and 3 of them survived on a long-term basis. Unacceptable degrees of hemolysis related to CPB were not observed. Postoperative bleeding was not remarkable, and coagulation test results did not show significant abnormal findings. Acute lung injuries of a mild to moderate degree were found mainly at the microscopic level, but rarely had clinical significance. In conclusion, this experiment suggests that sheep can be used for the animal model for TAH implantation with acceptable risk on CPB circuits and techniques are used.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To evaluate the in vivo effect of autologous serum including antibodies to house dust mite in atopic individuals, we observed the immediate (15 mins) and late (6 hours) skin reactions (ISR, LSR) on intradermal (ID) test of serially diluted Dermatophagoides farinae antigens (DFa, Allergopharma, Germany) mixed with autologous sera (DFa-S) and diluent alone (DFa-D). We tested 34 DFa-skin reactive atopic individuals including 12 asthmatics (BA), 8 asthmatics on immunotherapy with DFa (IT), and 14 healthy atopic controls (AC). We observed complete inhibition of ISR in the lowest allergen dose of DFa-S in 7 (58.3%) of 12 BA, 3 (37.5%) of 8 IT, and 2 (14.3%) of 14 AC. In BA, the inhibition of ISR was more frequent than AC (p < 0.05). We observed larger late reactions in half of LSR positive cases on ID test by DFa-S than by DFa-D (> or = 1.5 X size; accentuation of LSR). Accentuation of LSR were shown more frequently by DFa mixed with larger amount of serum (25% in 1:1 mix; 80% in 1:3 mix, p < 0.05). But there were no differences of DFa-specific IgE and IgG subclass antibodies regardless of the inhibition of ISR or the accentuation of LSR. In conclusion, some autologous sera from DFa-sensitive individuals showed the inhibition of ISR and the accentuation of LSR on DFa-ID test.
Yonsei Medical Journal 06/1995; 36(2):137-45. · 1.26 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: House dust mites have been known as the most important allergen in respiratory allergic diseases. Among several mite allergens, group I and group II antigens were recognized as major allergens. We measured specific IgE and IgG subclass antibodies against whole body antigen (WBA) and two major allergens of Dermatophagoides farinae (Der fI and Der fII) in sera from 66 adults with asthma (asthma group) and 34 normal subjects (healthy group) by ELISA. The mean O.D. values of WBA-specific IgE and IgG subclass antibodies in 100 studied sera were significantly higher than those of the two major allergens (p < 0.001) and the level of Der fII- IgG1, IgG4 and IgE were higher than those of Der fI but IgG2 of Der fI was higher than that of Der fII (p < 0.001). The level of IgG4 of WBA were significantly higher in the atopic group than in the nonatopic group (1.280 +/- 0.634 v.s. 0.8290 +/- 0.388, p < 0.001), but the WBA- IgG1, IgG2, IgG3 were not different between the two groups. Among IgG subclass antibodies of Der fI, IgG2 was significantly higher in the nonatopic group than in the atopic group (1.7770 +/- 0.255 v.s. 1.636 +/- 0.390, p < 0.05) but there were no differences in IgG1, IgG3, and IgG4. Among IgG subclass antibodies of Der fII, IgG2 (1.534 +/- 0.380 v.s. 1.3010 +/- .431, p < 0.05) and IgG4 (1.09650 +/- .567 v.s. 0.708 +/- 0.146, p < 0.001) were significantly higher in the atopic group than in the nonatopic group. IgE antibodies to WBA, Der fI and Der fII were significantly higher in the atopic group (p < 0.001). There were significant correlationships between the levels of IgE and IgG4 of WBA (r = 0.60), Der fI (r = 0.33) and Der fII (r = 0.72). Even though there were no differences in the levels of allergen specific IgE and IgG subclass antibodies between nonatopic healthy and nonatopic asthmatic groups, the number of sera with prominent level of IgG2 of WBA were more common in the nonatopic asthmatic group (69% in nonatopic asthma group v.s. 28% in nonatopic healthy group, X2-test, p < 0.01).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 400 WORDS)
Yonsei Medical Journal 01/1995; 35(4):453-63. · 1.26 Impact Factor