ABSTRACT: The KALI-1000 pulse power system has been used to generate single-pulse nanosecond-duration high-power microwaves from an axial virtual cathode oscillator. The typical electron beam parameters were 250 kV, 15 kA, and 100 ns, with a current density of a few hundreds of amperes per square centimeter. The shot-to-shot variation of the microwave pulsewidth was studied for various anode-cathode gaps and two different cathode materials (velvet and graphite). Results indicated that the average microwave pulsewidth for a diode with a graphite cathode increased as the anode-cathode gap was increased. The one-way analysis of variance was employed to examine the statistical correlation between the diode voltage, current, perveance, and the microwave pulsewidth for various diode gaps and for two different cathode materials. It was shown that the microwave pulsewidth variations are not statistically correlated with the diode voltage, current, and perveance.
IEEE Transactions on Plasma Science 08/2010; · 1.17 Impact Factor