ABSTRACT: Forced expiratory volume in 3 seconds (FEV(3)) and 6 seconds (FEV(6)) could complement FEV(1) and forced vital capacity (FVC) for detecting airflow obstruction.
To compare FEV(1)/ FEV(6) and FEV(3)/FVC with FEV(1)/FVC in the detection of airflow obstruction.
Previous lung function data were re-analysed to establish reference values for FEV(3) and FEV(6). Data from a separate cohort of male smokers were used as test set. FEV(1), FEV(3), FEV(6), FVC, FEV(1)/FVC, FEV(1)/ FEV(6) and FEV(3)/FVC were regressed against age, standing height, weight and body mass index, and the mean and 95% confidence intervals for the lower limit of normal (LLN) values for these parameters were determined.
The percentage of smokers with airflow obstruction in the test population using FEV(1)/FVC < LLN was 15.0%, while using FEV(1)/ FEV(6) < LLN and FEV(3)/FVC < LLN they were respectively 18.5% and 18.1%. Using FEV(1)/FVC < LLN as reference, the sensitivity and specificity of FEV(1)/ FEV(6) < LLN in identifying airflow obstruction were 82.3% and 92.8%, while those for FEV(3)/FVC < LLN were 78.5% and 92.6%; the positive and negative predictive values were 67% and 96.7% for FEV(1)/ FEV(6) < LLN and 65.3% and 96% for FEV(3)/FVC < LLN.
FEV(3)/FVC < LLN and FEV(1)/ FEV(6) < LLN are comparable to FEV(1)/FVC < LLN for detecting airflow obstruction. FEV(3)/FVC < LLN could be useful in screening for airflow obstruction, while FEV(1)/ FEV(6) < LLN is useful in detecting airflow limitation in the elderly or in subjects with severe airflow obstruction.
The international journal of tuberculosis and lung disease: the official journal of the International Union against Tuberculosis and Lung Disease 05/2012; 16(5):681-6. · 2.73 Impact Factor