ABSTRACT: ESA has assigned the Technical University of Denmark to develop an airborne P-band ice sounding radar demonstrator. The intention is to obtain a better understanding of the electromagnetic properties of the Antarctic ice sheet at P-band and to test novel ice sounding techniques in preparation for a potential spaceborne ice sounding radar. The airborne system is a coherent, high-resolution and fully polarimetric radar. Aperture synthesis is applied in the along track direction and an experimental surface clutter suppression technique based on a multi-aperture antenna can be applied in the across track direction. In May 2008, a proof-of-concept campaign was organized in Greenland, where data were acquired over the ice sheet. The system proved capable of detecting the bedrock under 3 km thick ice and of mapping the internal ice layers down to a depth of at least 1.3 km. In this paper, the system concept is outlined and first results are presented.
Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium, 2008. IGARSS 2008. IEEE International; 08/2008