[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Worldwide Survey on Robotic AF Ablation. Introduction: The Hansen Robotic system has been utilized in ablation procedures for atrial fibrillation (AF). However, because of the lack of tactile feedback and the rigidity of the robotic sheath, this approach could result in higher risk of complications. This worldwide survey reports a multicenter experience on the methodology, efficacy, and safety of the Hansen system in AF ablations. Methods and Results: A questionnaire addressing questions on patient's demographics, procedural parameters, ablation success rate and safety information was sent to all centers where more than 50 robotic AF ablation cases have been performed. From June 2007 to December 2009, 1,728 procedures were performed at 12 centers utilizing the Hansen robotic navigation technology. The overall complication rate was 4.7% and the success rate was 67.1% after 18 ± 4 months of follow-up. In 5 low volume centers there appeared to be a learning curve of about 50 cases (complication rate 11.2% for the first 50 cases vs 3.7% for the 51-100 cases; P = 0.044) and a trend showing a decrease of complication rate with increasing case volume. However, in the remaining 7 centers no learning curve was present and the complication rate was stable over time (3.7% for the first 50 cases vs 3.6% for the 51st case thereafter; P = 0.942). Conclusion: The Hansen robotic system can be used for AF ablation safely. In low volume centers, there appeared to be a learning curve of the first 50 cases after which the complication rate decreased. With a higher case volume, the success rate increased. (J Cardiovasc Electrophysiol, Vol. 23, pp. 820-826, August 2012).
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The objective of this study was to compare long-term clinical effects of biventricular pacing with isolated left ventricular pacing.
Forty consecutive patients with idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy and indication for cardiac resynchronization therapy were randomized to biventricular or isolated left ventricular pacing. Clinical and echocardiographic parameters were studied regularly prior to implantation and during 1 year of follow-up. Patients with atrial fibrillation were excluded from the study. A retrospective cross-sectional outcome analysis was performed 4 years after the beginning of the study. Biventricular pacing was associated with more pronounced clinical and echocardiographic benefit compared with left ventricular pacing. Biventricular pacing was associated with significantly more distinct reverse remodelling. Left ventricular ejection fraction improved by 12.5 per cent-points (95% CI 7.3-17.7) compared with 5.1 per cent-points (95% CI 1.1-9.2) (P = 0.01) and left ventricular end-diastolic diameter decreased by 8.69 mm (95% CI 5.2-12.2) compared with 5.1 mm (95% CI 1.5-8.7) (P = 0.05) in the biventricular and left-ventricular pacing group, respectively. Semi-quantitative summarization of response points revealed a greater benefit in the biventricular vs. left ventricular pacing group [mean sum of response points 3.25 (95% CI 2.62-3.88) vs. 2.35 (95% CI 1.74-2.96), respectively, P = 0.06]. After 3 years of follow-up, there was no cardiovascular death in the biventricular pacing group compared with three cardiovascular deaths in the left ventricular pacing group.
In patients with idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy, biventricular pacing is associated with significantly more pronounced benefit in clinical outcomes and reverse remodelling. A retrospective analysis after 3 years of follow-up suggests that isolated left ventricular pacing may be associated with a higher mortality rate compared with biventricular pacing.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Catheter ablation of periatrioventricular (peri-AV) nodal atrial tachycardias (AT) from the noncoronary aortic cusp (NCC) can be challenging due to the close proximity of the AV node In such cases, intracardiac echocardiography (ICE) together with three-dimensional mapping system can be helpful in guiding the ablation catheter and in assessing the anatomic relationship of the aorta to the surrounding structures. We report two patients with AT originating near the AV node who underwent successful catheter ablation from the NCC. ICE proved useful in positioning the ablation catheter within the aortic cusps. Electroanatomic mapping enabled tagging the earliest activation site and renavigation back.
(PACE 2013; 36:e19–e22)
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Catheter ablation of atrial fibrillation (AF) has become a real therapeutic option for symptomatic patients resistant to or
intolerant of antiarrhythmic drugs. Since the first reports of curative catheter ablation a decade ago, several techniques
have evolved [1-5]. Despite the fact that these techniques vary significantly, they all have something in common: the predominant
target has become the left atrium and pulmonary veins (PVs). Underestimated by many operators, the variability of the anatomy
makes the procedure complex and seems to explain most failures and/or complications. The aim of this review is to discuss
the importance of imaging techniques for guidance of catheter ablation of AF.