Shahram Mohammadnejad

Iran University of Science and Technology, Teheran, Tehrān, Iran

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Publications (30)21.26 Total impact

  • Zahra Farrokhi Chaykandi · Ali Bahrami · Shahram mohammadnejad ·
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    ABSTRACT: We propose an all-optical 2-input XOR logic gate based on multimode interference and employ it as a basic structure in order to develop 3- and 4-input XOR logic gates. A 3 dB MMI coupler has been designed to be used as 2-input XOR logic gate. The integration of optical 2-input XOR gates encounters with the phase matching issues. Therefore, a nonlinear directional coupler is associated to produce a relative phase shift of p between the coupled and uncoupled branches. Such phase shift is cancelled with launching a simultaneous high intensity control field. Also, by assigning logic 1 to one of inputs in n-input XOR structure, the (n - 1)-input XNOR logic gate has been achieved. Two dimensional beam propagation method has been used to simulate and verify the performance of proposed all-optical 2-, 3- and 4-input XOR logic gates. Simulation results show that the proposed structure is almost insensitive to fabrication process tolerances.
    Optical and Quantum Electronics 07/2015; 47(11). DOI:10.1007/s11082-015-0224-0 · 0.99 Impact Factor
  • Aryan Salmanpour · Shahram Mohammadnejad · Ali Bahrami ·
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    ABSTRACT: In this article, two structures are proposed for all-optical AND, XOR, and OR logic gates based on nonlinear photonic crystals. The proposed structures include a Y-junction and ring resonator-based limiters. Two different structures are designed as the limiter in order to produce AND-XOR and AND-OR logic gates. Nonlinear rods of proposed structure have been used in order to create the frequency shift for different values of input power. Finite difference time domain method has been utilized to simulate the performance of proposed logic gates. Simulation results show that the smallest ON-OFF logic-level contrast ratio for the structures proposed for AND-XOR and AND-OR logic gates are 20.29 dB and 16.7 dB, respectively.
    Journal of Modern Optics 02/2015; 62(9):1-8. DOI:10.1080/09500340.2014.1003256 · 1.01 Impact Factor
  • Shahram Mohammadnejad · Zahra Farrokhi Chaykandi · Ali Bahrami ·
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    ABSTRACT: We propose a novel design to simultaneously access various optical logic functions from different output ports. Logical values of inputs and outputs are defined in phase and intensity area of light, respectively. The proposed structure is composed of one multimode interference waveguide with the ultrasmall size of 2.5 μm × 21 μm. Three output ports of proposed structure offer XOR, NAND, and OR logic functions. In addition, XNOR and NOT logic gates are realized by considering some changes in the conditions. Beam propagation method has been utilized to accomplish the simulations of light propagation. Simulation results of structure in whole C-band show that the maximum insertion loss is -0.14 dB and the least contrast ratio achieved for XOR, NAND, OR, XNOR, and NOT logic functions are 26, 24.7, 25.9, 26, and 25 dB, respectively.
    IEEE Journal of Quantum Electronics 12/2014; 50(12):1014-1018. DOI:10.1109/JQE.2014.2365736 · 1.89 Impact Factor
  • A. Bazmara · S. Mohammadnejad ·
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    ABSTRACT: This paper proposes a new simple approach for synthetic of shape-defined anatase nanocuboids TiO2 by using combination of titanium tetra isopropoxide (TTIP) and orthotitanic acid (H4TiO4) as titanium precursor. In first step by adding precursor to ethanol solution mixed with HCl the primary sal has been prepared, therefore two other different films by adding Methylcellulose (MC) as a carbon containing material and adding TiO2 nanopowder as nanofiller have been prepared and properties of thin film as a function of parameters of annealing temperature and additives, have been discussed. The films were deposited on glass substrates and characterized by using UV-vis spectroscopy and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). SEM results show that optical properties of TiO2 thin films were changed by baking in 300,400 and 500 degrees C as annealing temperature. Moreover, they indicate that the additives have strong effect on anatase structure and therefore influence the optical properties.
    Optik - International Journal for Light and Electron Optics 10/2014; 125(19):5733-5737. DOI:10.1016/j.ijleo.2014.06.027 · 0.68 Impact Factor
  • Nima Jouyandeh · ali bahrami · shahram mohammadnejad ·
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    ABSTRACT: In this paper, the sub-layers of AlGaAs/GaAs double junction (DJ) solar cell have been redesigned in order to achieve an optimum cell structure. It has been deduced with cooperation of detailed balance limit theory and structural behaviour of AlGaAs, that the Al0.45Ga0.55As is the best choice for top cell’s material in AlGaAs/GaAs DJ solar cell. Also, there is a trade-off between peak tunnelling current and transparency in tunnel junction which makes Al0.07Ga0.93As as the optimum tunnel junction of AlGaAs/GaAs cell. Finally, a smoothed reflectance senary-layer structure based on modified-DBR has been proposed to be used as anti-reflection coating of proposed structure. Also, the thickness and doping concentration level of different layers have been optimized.
    Journal of Modern Optics 03/2014; 61(7). DOI:10.1080/09500340.2014.900123 · 1.01 Impact Factor
  • Nima Jouyandeh · ali bahrami · shahram mohammadnejad ·
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    ABSTRACT: In this paper, the multilayer antireflection coatings have been designed with modifying the thickness of two and three paired layer DBR structure. Our proposed DBR-based tructures show antireflection behavior in spite of the reflection treatment in traditional DBR structures. Firstly, the proposed structures are designed to be equivalent with the theoretical ideal triple layer antireflection coating. Therefore, the problem of finding a suitable material for the middle layer of triple structure has been solved. Simulation results show the significant equivalency for the reflectance of proposed structures with the ideal triple layer ARC in the same wavelength and incident angles. Also, the design of structures has been changed in order to present the constant reflectance coefficient over a wide range of the wavelengths. This structure enhances the Omni-directionality of the multilayer antireflection coatings.
    Chinese Physics B 02/2014; 23(2):28803-28803. DOI:10.1088/1674-1056/23/2/028803 · 1.60 Impact Factor
  • Masoomeh Taherkhani · Shahram Mohammadnejad ·
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    ABSTRACT: Integrated photonic devices are expected to play a promising role in the field of quantum information science. In this paper we propose two schemes for generating polarization-mode entangled photon pairs based on titanium-indiffused waveguide on periodically polled lithium niobate by using simultaneous quasi-phase-matching of Type-I and higher order Type-0 spontaneous parametric down conversion processes in one of them and Type-II in another. The photon pairs are emitted at the wavelength of 812 nm suitable for quantum computation applications within a bandwidth of 14 and 0.2 nm, and the generation rate of the degenerate sources is 44,360 and 91 pairs/(s GHz mW) respectively, in a 1-cm long waveguide. These degenerate sources can provide maximally entangled photon pairs as the Tangle of the sources is as high as 0.9999 and 1, accordingly.
    Optical and Quantum Electronics 11/2013; 45(11). DOI:10.1007/s11082-013-9733-x · 0.99 Impact Factor
  • S. Mohammadnejad · Nima Jouyandeh Abkenar · A. Bahrami ·
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    ABSTRACT: In this paper, we have used detailed balance limit model in order to achieve optimum single junction solar cell for different outdoor conditions. Also, maximum achievable efficiency for GaAs-based double junction solar cells has been calculated and effects of the concentration ratio on optimum point have been investigated. Although 1.9/1.0 eV is achieved as the optimum combination of band gaps for double junction solar cells, but simulation results show some changes in value of top cell’s optimum band gap when the GaAs is used as bottom cell. Finally, effect of changing temperature on behavior of GaAs-based double junction solar cell has been studied under 1sun black body, AM0 and AM1.5 spectrums.
    Indian Journal of Physics 10/2013; 87(10). DOI:10.1007/s12648-013-0326-0 · 1.38 Impact Factor
  • Nima Jouyandeh · Ali bahrami · shahram mohammadnejad ·
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    ABSTRACT: Theoretically optimized triple layer antireflection coating can be replaced with four layer LHLH structure around the designed wavelength. In this paper, triple layer and its four layer equivalent structure have been utilized as antireflection coating of GaAs solar cell and the reflectance coincidence of these structures is proved. The wavelength of 650nm has been assumed for design of multilayer structure. Also, the six layer antireflection coating is made with inserting one more HL pair in the structure. We design multilayer structures by introducing X parameter whic describes 4- and 6-member set of thicknesses and finding the optimum combination of thicknesses. Simulation results confirm that the optimum case of six layer structure presents better performance in comparison with the best case of four layer coating.
    Journal of Optoelectronics and Advanced Materials 09/2013; 15(9):960-965. · 0.43 Impact Factor
  • Shahram Mohammadnejad · Nima Jouyandeh Abkenar · Ali Bahrami ·
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    ABSTRACT: In this paper, the effect of doping concentration and layer thickness on the performance of tunnel junctions is studied. We investigate the behavior of single, double and triple layer structures of tunnel junctions. Triple layer structure shows better performance in comparison with the other structures and can reach the higher tunneling current besides lower voltage drop. Also, the behavior of the triple layer tunnel junction with different doping concentration profiles is studied. We propose a new normal distribution profile for doping concentration in multilayer tunnel junctions which shows better performance in comparison with the linear and graded doping concentration profiles. The higher α parameters in normal distribution enhance the device performance with increasing the smoothness of doping variations in the center and edge of the tunnel junction. Finally, we examine different thicknesses of triple layer tunnel junction in order to achieve the optimum structure.
    Optical and Quantum Electronics 04/2013; 45(8). DOI:10.1007/s11082-013-9689-x · 0.99 Impact Factor
  • Ali Bahrami*‡ · Shahram Mohammadnejad · Nima Jouyandeh Abkenar ·
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    ABSTRACT: In this paper, the effects of antireflection coatings on the performance of GaAs solar cells are theoretically investigated. Also, the conversion efficiency, short circuit current and open circuit voltage of the solar cell are calculated in various thicknesses and refractive indices of coating materials. Single and double layer coatings are utilized in order to achieve the highest performance. Simulation results show an optimum point for the thickness and refractive indices of the materials used as single and double layer antireflection coatings. Finally, 16.97% conversion efficiency, 27.91mA short circuit current and about 0.944V open circuit voltage are achieved for GaAs single cell with a low 5nm TiO2 thickness in Al2O3/TiO2 double layer coating. But the lower thickness of TiO2 increases the incident angle dependency of the reflectance.
    International Journal of Renewable Energy Research 01/2013; 3(1):80-83.
  • A. Salmanpour · S. Mohammadnejad · E. Jamadi · M.E. Honarmand ·
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    ABSTRACT: The distribution companies in many countries apply Preventive Maintenance method these days. In this method periodic preventive services and repairs are used to decrease the faults. The prominent point in the systematic maintenance and repairing is that because of the limitations in different sections, in many occasions doing these periodical services with the same priority for all of the equipments is not possible and it is not economical in some situations, as a result providing a special time pattern for each equipment on which repairing is done, is so important. In this paper, with incorporating Preventive Maintenance model and Analytic Hierarchy Process model, a pattern is presented that decreases the costs, reduces the time and unexpected outages, then the results of applying the suggested pattern for eliminating loose connections of the medium voltage networks are indicated.
    Electricity Distribution (CIRED 2013), 22nd International Conference and Exhibition on; 01/2013
  • Shahram Mohammadnejad · Ali Bagheri Madineh · Mehdi Nasiri sarvi ·
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    ABSTRACT: There are many devices used today on modern spacecraft to accurately determine their position. Star trackers (space cameras) are the most accurate device in use for determining a spacecraft's position. The star tracker operates automatically, getting images of star patterns within its Field of View (FOV). The stars observed by the camera can then be identified and the orientation of the spacecraft can be calculated. A star tracker is composed of a baffle for removing stray lights, optical system, image sensor, microprocessor and memory. In this paper, basic principles for designing a baffle system, such as determination of baffle dimensions, arrangement of vanes inside the baffle, and coating of surface have been reviewed. We first determined dimensions of a two-stage conical baffle. Then, we calculated positions and height of vane to prohibit diffusely reflected light inside the baffle from entering into the photometer. In order to evaluate performance of the designed baffle system, we have used a ray tracing program using a Monte Carlo method and calculated attenuation factor.
    Communication Systems, Networks & Digital Signal Processing (CSNDSP), 2012 8th International Symposium on; 07/2012
  • Ali Bahrami · Shahram Mohammadnejad · Saeede Soleimaninezhad ·
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    ABSTRACT: Solar energy is one of the renewable energy resources that can be changed to the electrical energy with photovoltaic cells. This article accomplishes a comprehensive review on the emersion, underlying principles, types and performance improvements of these cells. Although there are some different categorizations about the solar cells, but in general, all of them can be divided to crystalline silicon solar cells, thin film technology, III–V multijunction cells, dye-sensitized solar cells, polymer solar cells and quantum structured solar cells. Thin film technology is investigated in two non-crystalline silicon solar cells and chalcogenide cells. We present a complete categorization of solar cells and discuss the recent developments of different types of solar cells. Indeed, this paper covers almost all of the development processes of solar cells from their emersion in 1939 up to now. Also, due to substantial effects of the light trapping techniques on the improvements of the solar cells, a comprehensive study has been carried out.
    Optical and Quantum Electronics 02/2012; 45(2). DOI:10.1007/s11082-012-9613-9 · 0.99 Impact Factor
  • S. Mohammadnejad · A. Bazmara · M. H. Hajigholam ·
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    ABSTRACT: In this article Tio2 thin film Containing dispersed Ag metal particle was prepared by the sol gel method, and the effect of the metal particles on the optical properties such as responsivity, extinction coefficient, plasmonic resonance of the thin films were investigated. UV/Vis optical spectra and Scanning electron microscopy were recorded to characterize the Ag/Tio2 composite films.
    02/2012; 463-464:1450-1454. DOI:10.4028/
  • S. Mohammadnejad · A. Rostami · M.N. Sarvi ·
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    ABSTRACT: Nowadays, star trackers are widely used in satellites and spacecraft for three-axis attitude estimation. Star trackers are the most accurate instrument among the others. A Star tracker is made up of hardware and software (firmware). The software (firmware) is a set of algorithm that runs in a microprocessor. These algorithms include centroiding, star identification and attitude determination. Star identification algorithm needs a database to identify stars in the image. In this paper, we describe a novel method of constructing database by considering practical issues. We discuss about main catalog, base catalog, database and ordering it to improve the speed of star identification algorithm. This database was used in our star identification algorithm.
    Communication Systems, Networks & Digital Signal Processing (CSNDSP), 2012 8th International Symposium on; 01/2012
  • M. Taherkhani · S. Mohammadnejad ·
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    ABSTRACT: We propose two basic transformations which can be used for manipulating modal qubits in Ti:LiNbO3 photonic quantum circuits. These include the mode analyzer, a device that separates the even and odd components of a state into two separate spatial paths and a modal phase-flip gate which introduces a phase shift of π to the odd component of a two-mode photon state.
    Communication Systems, Networks & Digital Signal Processing (CSNDSP), 2012 8th International Symposium on; 01/2012
  • Source
    S. Salemian · S. Mohammadnejad ·
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    ABSTRACT: The implementation of quantum communication protocols in long optical fibers is limited by several decoherence mechanisms. In this contribution we review this mechanisms and analysis their effect on the quantum states. Because of asymmetry in the real fibers, the two orthogonal polarization modes are propagated at different phase and group velocities. The difference in group velocities results in Polarization Mode Dispersion (PMD). It is created by random fluctuations of the residual birefringence in optical fibers, such that the State of Polarization (SOP) of an optical signal will turn randomly over time, in an unpredictable way. In optical quantum communication, quantum state measurement is necessary. The bottleneck for communication between far apart nodes is the increasing of the error probability with the length of the channel connecting the nodes. For an optical fiber, the value of absorption and depolarization of a photon (i.e., the qubit) increases exponentially with the length of the fiber.
    Telecommunications (ConTEL), Proceedings of the 2011 11th International Conference on; 06/2011
  • Ali Bahrami · Shahram Mohammadnejad · Ali Rostami ·
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    ABSTRACT: This article presents an all-optical multi-mode interference switch in which the non-linear directional coupler is utilized to realize a passive phase shifter. The proposed structure can be used either as a 1 × 2 or a 2 × 2 switch, with two inputs applied simultaneously in the latter case. The operation of the device is mainly based on the phase difference of the inputs of the multi-mode interference section. The beam propagation method is used for the design and simulation of the structure. The simulation results approve the low sensitivity on wavelength and fabrication tolerances. The crosstalk of the structure is equal to −31.6 dB.
    Fiber and Integrated Optics 05/2011; 30(3-3):139-150. DOI:10.1080/01468030.2011.576379 · 0.62 Impact Factor
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    Shamsolah Salemian · Shahram Mohammadnejad ·
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    ABSTRACT: In optical quantum communication, quantum state measurement is necessary. This paper proposes a new technique for realization of polarization filter based on planar lightwave circuit (PLC). This filter is used for quantum state discriminator in quantum communication and also as a Bell-state analyzer in quantum repeater. Electro-optics interferometer has been used in design and implementation of polarization filter. We use lithium niobate as a wafer material and Ti:LiNbO3 for waveguide. Two directional couplers have been used in this device. The length and spacing of these directional couplers have been designed so that each polarization is routed in specific output. The proposed device has one input and two outputs. If polarization of the input photon is vertical, then this photon will appear in output 1, otherwise if the input photon has horizontal polarization, it appears in output 2. For vertical polarization input, the power overlaps integral (POI) shows that isolation between two outputs is 14.96 dB. As to horizontal polarization input, the isolation between two outputs is 13.8 dB. The designed polarization filter has length of 33 mm and width of 60 μm. This device is very suitable for use in integrated optics.
    Optik - International Journal for Light and Electron Optics 02/2011; 122(4-122):349-354. DOI:10.1016/j.ijleo.2009.12.019 · 0.68 Impact Factor