ABSTRACT: This letter reports on a contrast-based ultrasonic particle imaging technique (echo PIV) for measuring multicomponent velocity vectors in opaque flows with excellent temporal (up to 0.5 ms ) and spatial (up to 0.4 mm ) resolution. Ultrasound contrast microbubbles are used as flow tracers, and digitally acquired rf data are converted into B -mode images for PIV analysis. Here, velocity fields from various flow patterns (including rotating and transient vortex flows) that are difficult to measure using other opaque flow methods such as ultrasound Doppler or magnetic resonance imaging are measured using echo PIV. This nonintrusive technique should be a promising addition to opaque flow diagnostics.
Applied Physics Letters 07/2006; · 3.84 Impact Factor