[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: This paper addresses the establishment of a kVA-range plug-in hybrid electrical vehicle (PHEV) integration test platform and associated issues. Advancements in battery and power electronic technology, hybrid vehicles are becoming increasingly dependent on the electrical energy provided by the batteries. Minimal or no support by the internal combustion engine may result in the vehicle being occasionally unable to recharge the batteries during highly dynamic driving that occurs in urban areas. The inability to sustain its own energy source creates a situation where the vehicle must connect to the electrical grid in order to recharge its batteries. The effects of a large penetration of electric vehicles connected into the grid are still relatively unknown. This paper presents a novel methodology that will be utilized to study the effects of PHEV charging at the sub-transmission level. The proposed test platform utilizes the power hardware-in-the-loop (PHIL) concept in conjunction with high-fidelity PHEV energy system simulation models. The battery, in particular, is simulated utilizing a real-time digital simulator () which generates appropriate control commands to a power electronics-based voltage amplifier that interfaces via a LC-LC-type filter to a power grid. In addition, the PHEV impact is evaluated via another power electronic converter controlled through , a rapid control systems prototyping software.
Journal of power electronics 07/2011; 11(4). · 0.75 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: With the issues of fuel cost and environmental impact on the rise, the concept of replacing conventional vehicles with plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs) has become essential. The main goal of PHEV implementation focuses on the ability to utilize electrical propulsion to assist the internal combustion engine. However, the batteries for the PHEV must be recharged using grid energy. This paper will study the effects of PHEV charging at the sub-transmission level through modeling/simulation and power hardware in the loop including an actively controlled drive system and controllable load.
Vehicle Power and Propulsion Conference (VPPC), 2010 IEEE; 10/2010
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: This paper is a literary review of the benefits and barriers of PHEV deployment in the U.S., along with the proposed solutions to the setbacks that may occur. The review aims at identifying the energy requirements of PHEVs, the impact of PHEVs on the grid, and solutions to the shortcomings of the electrical grid, such as vehicle to grid and smart grids.
North American Power Symposium (NAPS), 2009; 11/2009