Xin-Gui Peng

Southeast University (China), Nan-ching-hsü, Jiangxi Sheng, China

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Publications (6)31.78 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: The efficacy of pro-angiogenic therapy is difficult to evaluate with current diagnostic modalities. The objectives were to develop a non-invasive imaging strategy to define the temporal characteristics of angiogenesis and to evaluate the response to pro-angiogenic therapy in diabetic stroke mouse models.
    Theranostics 01/2014; 4(8):787-97. · 7.81 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Purpose:To determine the relationship between renal lipid content and intrarenal oxygenation in diabetic nephropathy by using noninvasive chemical shift-selective (CSS) imaging and blood oxygen level-dependent (BOLD) magnetic resonance (MR) imaging.Materials and Methods:The study was approved by the institutional Committee on Animal Research. Lipid and water phantoms for CSS imaging were made, and BOLD MR imaging phantoms from arterial and venous blood samples were collected from rats. CSS imaging and BOLD imaging were performed to measure lipid contents and T2* in phantoms and kidneys of diabetic gene (db) db/db mice and wild-type mice after exposure to nitrogen (four per group) and injection of furosemide (four per group). Results of MR imaging-measured lipid contents and oxygen tension were compared with known values in phantoms and reference standard from mice with histologic data. Statistical analysis was performed with independent sample and paired sample t tests and Pearson correlation test.Results:Renal lipid content in db/db mice was significantly higher compared with that in control mice (9.40% ± 1.89 and 3.11% ± 0.57, respectively; P < .001). In addition, the lipid content in the cortex of db/db mice was significantly higher than that in medulla (12.73% ± 0.94 and 3.16% ± 0.50, respectively; P < .001). Correlation was significant between T2* measured with BOLD and oxygen tension in blood phantoms (r = 0.958; P < .001). Lower baseline T2* in diabetic kidney suggested lower oxygenation that reserved excess oxygen supply. Lower oxygenation in diabetic kidney cortex was observed after nitrogen exposure and furosemide injection.Conclusion:Noninvasive CSS imaging and MR imaging of db/db diabetic mice revealed the relationship between the renal lipid content and intrarenal oxygenation in diabetic kidney. Lipid accumulation in diabetic kidney compromises the oxygenation of the renal tissue and made it more susceptible to renal hypoxia.© RSNA, 2013Supplemental material: http://radiology.rsna.org/lookup/suppl/doi:10.1148/radiol.13122860/-/DC1.
    Radiology 07/2013; · 6.34 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Brown adipose tissue (BAT) plays a key role in thermogenesis to protect the body from cold and obesity. White adipose tissue (WAT) stores excess energy in the form of triglycerides. To better understand the genetic effect on regulation of WAT and BAT, we investigated the fat fraction (FF) in two types of adipose tissues in ob/ob, human BSCL2/seipin gene knock-out (SKO), Fsp27 gene knock-out (Fsp27-/-), and wild type (WT) mice in vivo using chemical shift selective imaging and (1)H MR spectroscopy. We reported that the visceral fat volume in WAT was significantly larger in ob/ob mice, but visceral fat volumes were lower in SKO and Fsp27-/- mice compared to WT mice. BAT FF was significantly higher in ob/ob mice than WT group and similar to that of WAT. In contrast, WAT FFs in SKO and Fsp27-/- mice were lower and similar to that of BAT. The adipocyte size of WAT in ob/ob mice and the BAT adipocyte size in ob/ob, SKO, and Fsp27 mice were significantly larger compared to WT mice. However, the WAT adipocyte size was significantly smaller in SKO mice than WT mice. Positive correlations were observed between the adipocyte size and FFs of WAT and BAT. These results suggested that smaller adipocyte size correlates with lower FFs of WAT and BAT. In addition, the differences of FFs in WAT and BAT measured by MR methods in different mouse models were related to the different regulation effects of ob, seipin or Fsp27 gene on developing WAT and BAT.
    AJP Endocrinology and Metabolism 11/2012; · 4.51 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Brain-metastatic breast cancer (BMBC) is increasing and poses a severe clinical problem because of the lack of effective treatments and because the underlying molecular mechanisms are largely unknown. Recent work has demonstrated that deregulation of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) may correlate with BMBC progression. However, the exact contribution that EGFR makes to BMBC remains unclear. The role of EGFR in BMBC was explored by serial analyses in a brain-trophic clone of human MDA-MB-231 breast carcinoma cells (231-BR cells). EGFR expression was inhibited by stable short-hairpin RNA transfection or by the kinase inhibitor erlotinib, and it was activated by heparin-binding epidermal growth factor-like growth factor (HB-EGF). Cell growth and invasion activities also were analyzed in vitro and in vivo. EGFR inhibition or activation strongly affected 231-BR cell migration/invasion activities as assessed by an adhesion assay, a wound-healing assay, a Boyden chamber invasion assay, and cytoskeleton staining. Also, EGFR inhibition significantly decreased brain metastases of 231-BR cells in vivo. Surprisingly, changes to EGFR expression affected cell proliferation activities less significantly as determined by a 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay, an anchorage-independent growth assay, and cell cycle analysis. Immunoblot analysis suggested that EGFR drives cells' invasiveness capability mainly through phosphoinositide 3-kinase/protein kinase B and phospholipase C γ downstream pathways. In addition, EGFR was involved less in proliferation because of the insensitivity of the downstream mitogen-activated protein kinase pathway. The current results indicated that EGFR plays more important roles in cell migration and invasion to the brain than in cell proliferation progression on 231-BR cells, providing new evidence of the potential value of EGFR inhibition in treating BMBC. Cancer 2012. © 2012 American Cancer Society.
    Cancer 04/2012; 118(21):5198-209. · 5.20 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Bone-marrow derived endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) play an important role in tumor neovasculature. Due to their tumor homing property, EPCs are regarded as promising targeted vectors for delivering therapeutic agents in cancer treatment. Consequently, non-invasive confirmation of targeted delivery via imaging is urgently needed. This study shows the development and application of a novel dual-modality probe for in vivo non-invasively tracking of the migration, homing and differentiation of EPCs. The paramagnetic/near-infrared fluorescence probe Conjugate 1 labeled EPCs were systemically transplanted into mice bearing human breast MDA-MB-231 tumor xenografts. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and near-infrared (NIR) fluorescence optical imaging were performed at different stages of tumor development. The homing of EPCs and the tumor neovascularization were further evaluated by immunofluorescence. Conjugate 1 labeled EPCs can be monitored in vivo by MRI and NIR fluorescence optical imaging without altering tumor growth for up to three weeks after the systemic transplantation. Histopathological examination confirmed that EPCs were recruited into the tumor bed and then incorporated into new vessels two weeks after the transplantation. Tumor size and microvessel density was not influenced by EPCs transplantation in the first three weeks. This preclinical study shows the feasibility of using a MRI and NIR fluorescence optical imaging detectable probe to non-invasively monitor transplanted EPCs and also provides strong evidence that EPCs are involved in the development of endothelial cells during the tumor neovascularization.
    PLoS ONE 01/2012; 7(11):e50575. · 3.53 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We evaluated dual-echo Dixon in-phase and out-of-phase (IP-OP), chemical shift imaging (CSI), and (1)H MRS (hydrogen MR spectroscopy) in estimating fat content (FC) in phantoms and in livers of mice. Phantoms were made according to the volume percentage of fat ranging from 0% to 100%. The three MR methods were performed to measure FC in phantoms and in livers of obese leptin-deficient (ob/ob), human BSCL2/seipin gene knockout (SKO), and wild-type (WT) mice. The results were compared with known FC in phantoms and to a reference standard from mice by histological semiautomatic vacuole segmentation (HIS-S) procedure and liver lipid (LL) chemical analysis. In phantoms, CSI underestimated FC from 50% to 100%, to a lesser extent than IP-OP. In vivo, liver FC in ob/ob and SKO mice measured by the three MR methods were all significantly higher than that in WT mice. Liver FC measured by IP-OP were significantly lower than that measured by CSI and MRS, with no significant difference between CSI and MRS. CSI and MRS showed a linear correlation with LL analysis and with each other. IP-OP underestimated FC, whereas CSI and MRS were more accurate for quantifying FC in both phantoms and liver. CSI and MRS have the potential to replace HIS-S and LL analysis in longitudinal studies.
    The Journal of Lipid Research 07/2011; 52(10):1847-55. · 4.39 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

33 Citations
31.78 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2011–2014
    • Southeast University (China)
      Nan-ching-hsü, Jiangxi Sheng, China
  • 2012
    • Nanjing University
      • School of Medicine
      Nanjing, Jiangsu Sheng, China
    • Indiana University Southeast
      Indiana, United States