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ABSTRACT: This paper presents a method for the automatic segmentation of the lungs in X-ray computed tomography (CT) images. The proposed technique is based on the use of a robust geometric active contour that is initialized around the lungs, automatically splits in two, and performs outlier rejection during the curve evolution. The technique starts by grey-level thresholding of the images followed by edge detection. Then the edge connected points are organized into strokes and classified as valid or invalid. A confidence degree (weight) is assigned to each stroke and updated during the evolution process with the valid strokes receiving a high confidence degree and the confidence degrees of the outlier strokes tending to zero. These weights depend on the distance between the stroke points and the curve and also on the stroke size. Initialization of the curve is fully automatic. Experimental results show the effectiveness of the proposed technique.
Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, 2007. EMBS 2007. 29th Annual International Conference of the IEEE; 09/2007