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ABSTRACT: This article reports a case of macrocephalic sperm head syndrome, which is defined as the presence of a very high percentage of spermatozoa with enlarged heads and multiple flagellae, together with detailed morphological analysis. After a couple presented with infertility, sperm analysis showed severe teratozoospermia and almost all of the spermatozoa had macrocephaly with multiple tails. The morphological analysis revealed that most of the sperm heads contained several nuclei and had a similar number of tails as that of nuclei. However, detailed analysis revealed that there were a very few spermatozoa with an almost normal morphology. After genetic counselling, intracytoplasmic sperm injection was performed using a few spermatozoa that had an almost normal morphology, resulting in pregnancy and successful delivery. Even in macrocephalic sperm head syndrome, which may be caused by meiotic division failure, pregnancy is possible if some spermatozoa with almost normal morphology can be utilized, although there may be genetic risks.
Reproductive biomedicine online 03/2012; 24(6):603-5. · 2.68 Impact Factor