Sang-Hoon Lee

Korea Food Research Institute, Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea

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Publications (150)116.79 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Halibut is served on sushi and as sliced raw fish fillets. We investigated the optimal conditions of the Maillard reaction (MR) with ribose using response surface methodology to reduce the allergenicity of its protein. A 3-factored and 5-leveled central composite design was used, where the independent variables were substrate (ribose) concentration (X1, %), reaction time (X2, min), and pH (X3), while the dependent variables were browning index (Y1, absorbance at 420 nm), DPPH scavenging (Y2, EC50 mg/mL), FRAP (Y3, mM FeSO4/mg extract) and β-hexosaminidase release (Y4, %). The optimal conditions were obtained as follows: X1, 28.36%; X2, 38.09 min; X3, 8.26. Maillard reaction products of fish protein hydrolysate (MFPH) reduced the amount of nitric oxide synthesis compared to the untreated FPH, and had a significant anti-allergy effect on β-hexosaminidase and histamine release, compared with that of the FPH control. We concluded that MFPH, which had better antioxidant and anti-allergy activities than untreated FPH, can be used as an improved dietary source.
    Food Chemistry 06/2015; 176. DOI:10.1016/j.foodchem.2014.12.090 · 3.26 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Dickkopf-3 (DKK3) may act as a tumor suppressor as it is down-regulated in various types of cancer. This study assessed the DKK3 protein expression in gastric cancer and its potential value as a prognostic marker. DKK3 expression was evaluated by immunohistochemistry in 158 gastric cancer samples from patients who underwent gastrectomy from 2002 to 2008. Clinicopathological parameters and survival data were analyzed. Loss of DKK3 expression was found in 64 of 158 (40.5 %) samples, and it was associated with advanced T stage (p < 0.001), lymph node metastasis (p < 0.001), UICC TNM stage (p < 0.001), tumor location (p = 0.029), lymphovascular invasion (p = 0.035), and perineural invasion (p = 0.032). Patients without DKK3 expression in tumor cells had a significantly worse disease-free and overall survival than those with DKK3 expression (p < 0.001, and p = 0.001, respectively). TNM stage (p = 0.028 and p < 0.001, respectively) and residual tumor (p < 0.001 and p = 0.003, respectively) were independent predictors of disease-free and overall survival. Based on the preoperative clinical stage assessed by computed tomography (CT), loss of DKK3 expression was predominantly associated with worse prognosis in patients with clinically node-negative advanced gastric cancer (AGC). The combination of DKK3 expression status and CT increased the accuracy of CT staging for predicting lymph node involvement from 71.5 to 80.0 % in AGC patients. Loss of DKK3 protein expression was significantly associated with poor survival in patients with gastric cancer and was strongly correlated with the TNM stage. DKK3 might be a potential biomarker of lymph node involvement that can improve the predictive power of CT.
    World Journal of Surgery 01/2015; 39(4). DOI:10.1007/s00268-014-2886-3 · 2.35 Impact Factor
  • Eun-Haeng Lee, Jae-Min Kim, Sang-Hoon Lee
    01/2015; 19(1):37-43. DOI:10.5000/EESK.2015.19.1.037
  • Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology 01/2015; 803:271-8. DOI:10.1007/978-3-319-15126-7_22 · 2.01 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Although the Proseal laryngeal mask airway (PLMA) has been widely used in anesthesia, little is known about its clinical effectiveness during dental procedures. We describe the clinical feasibility of the PLMA for managing airways in the field of pediatric dentistry. . We reviewed the medical records of children who underwent airway management with the use of the PLMA from January 2011 to December 2012 at an outpatient facility at Seoul National Dental University Hospital. During the study period, the airways of 19 children were managed with the PLMA for dental procedures. During its placement, blood pressure and heart rate were stably maintained. There were no interruptions of the dental procedures. None of the children experienced oxygen desaturation or ventilation difficulty. In one patient, the PLMA was dislodged for a short time, but the problem was easily solved with repositioning. After transferring to the post-anesthetic care unit, there were no incidences of oxygen desaturation or vomiting. All of the children were discharged from the hospital without complications. The PLMA can be successfully used in airway management during dental treatment in children.
    The Journal of clinical pediatric dentistry 01/2015; 39(2):179-82. DOI:10.17796/jcpd.39.2.a0x2t7427m08w245 · 0.34 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: SAPHO syndrome is a rare inflammatory, pseudoinfectious disease. Initially it was an acronym for Syndrome Acne Pustulosis Hyperostosis Osteitis, and the meaning of S was later changed to synovitis. It occurs predominantly in children and adults and is not common over 60 years. The most common clinical presentation is osteoarticular involvement at the anterior chest wall and skin manifestations may be evident, but it could occur years earlier or develop later. We report on two cases of mother and daughter. A 51-year-old female was diagnosed with SAPHO syndrome with costochondritis and palmoplantar pustulosis. Five years later, her 31-year-old daughter presented with similar skin manifestations of the hand and foot.
    01/2015; 22(2):127. DOI:10.4078/jrd.2015.22.2.127
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    ABSTRACT: This study was performed to evaluate whether endocan expression, which is known to be involved in tumor angiogenesis, was increased in rheumatoid arthritic tissues. In addition, the involvement of adiponectin in the regulation of endocan expression in arthritic joints was examined. Arthritic synovial tissues from patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) or osteoarthritis (OA) were immunostained with antibodies to endocan and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF). Subsequently, synovial cells and human umbilical vein endothelial cells were cultured and stimulated with interleukin-1 β (IL-1β) or adiponectin. The mRNA and protein levels of endocan were evaluated by polymerase chain reaction and ELISA, respectively. Endocan expression was markedly increased in the inflammatory sites of RA synovial tissues. In OA tissues, endocan expression was higher in tissues displaying moderate and severe inflammation than in those with mild inflammation. In vitro expression levels of endocan and VEGF in endothelial and synovial cells were differentially increased in response to IL-1β stimulation. Adiponectin was a more potent stimulant of endocan than IL-1β at their respective physiological concentrations in synovial cells. Endocan silencing by small interfering RNA transfection of synovial cells decreased in vitro cell migration and invasion. In conclusion, adiponectin is an important factor in the stimulation of endocan expression in synovial cells. Adiponectin-induced endocan expression in synovial cells may stimulate cell migration and invasion as well as angiogenesis in the pannus of arthritic joints.
    Molecular Medicine Reports 12/2014; 11(4). DOI:10.3892/mmr.2014.3057 · 1.48 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: This study was performed to evaluate the contribution of adiponectin to the production of interleukin (IL)-6, IL-8, vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-1 and MMP-13 in human endothelial cells and osteoblasts in arthritic joints. Cultured human umbilical vascular endothelial cells (HUVECs) and osteoblasts were stimulated with adiponectin (1 or 10 μg ml(-1)) or IL-1β (0.1 ng ml(-1)) in the presence or absence of hypoxia for 24 h. The protein expression patterns were examined by analyzing culture supernatants using the enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Adiponectin significantly stimulated the production of VEGF, MMP-1 and MMP-13 in osteoblasts but not in endothelial cells, whereas it significantly stimulated the production of IL-6 and IL-8 in both endothelial cells and osteoblasts. The increase in VEGF production induced by adiponectin was significantly greater than that induced by IL-1β. The production of IL-6 and IL-8 in adiponectin-stimulated endothelial cells was approximately 10-fold higher than that in IL-1β-stimulated endothelial cells; in osteoblasts, adiponectin-induced IL-6 and IL-8 secretion was approximately twofold higher than that induced by IL-1β. In addition, IL-8 production in endothelial cells was approximately sevenfold higher than in osteoblasts. However, IL-6 levels were similar between the two cell types, suggesting that adiponectin may be involved in the production of IL-8 in endothelial cells, which may have an important role in neutrophil recruitment to arthritic joints. Furthermore, the increases in protein expression induced by adiponectin were differentially regulated by hypoxia. In conclusion, adiponectin has a more important role than does IL-1β in the production of mediators that drive synovitis and joint destruction in endothelial cells and osteoblasts at physiological concentrations.
    01/2014; 46(1):e72. DOI:10.1038/emm.2013.141
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    ABSTRACT: Adrenoleukodystrophy (ALD) is a rare, inherited disorder that leads to progressive brain damage and failure of the adrenal glands. It is passed down from parents to their children as an X-linked genetic trait. Therefore, it affects primarily males especially under the age of 10. People with ALD have excessive accumulation of very long chain fatty acids (VLCFAs) in their brain because they do not have the enzyme which break down these fatty acids. Special method for treatment of ALD is not available. Eating a diet low in VLCFAs and taking special oils, called Lorenzo's oil, can lower the blood levels of VLCFAs. But this oil cannot stop the destruction of nerve cell. This article presents a case report: Dental treatment of a 11-year-old male patient with ALD under general anesthesia. Careful management must be required during treatment procedure because of difficulty in cooperation, seizure disorders, gastroesophageal reflux, pulmonary aspiration and airway complications.
    12/2013; 9(2). DOI:10.12655/KADH.2013.9.2.107
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    ABSTRACT: Hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy (HIE) is an important cause of permanent damage to central nervous system cells, most cases with oxygen deprivation in the nenonate due to birth asphyxia. Survival children with HIE develop problems such as cerebral palsy, mental retardation, learning difficulties, and other permanent neuro-developmental disabilities. This article report two cases of the children with HIE who had be traumatized on their teeth from oropharyngeal airway (OPA) in the emergency situation. The patients with the disease accompanying seizure or convulsion, needs special consideration for the prevention from dental trauma in emergency airway management.
    12/2013; 9(2). DOI:10.12655/KADH.2013.9.2.127
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    ABSTRACT: Sedation of uncooperative children for dental treatment is difficult since treatment is mainly carried out inside the oral cavity. Dexmedetomidine (DEX), recently introduced into clinical practice, has little influence on respiratory system even at high doses. We present cases of patients who underwent dental treatment under sedation using DEX infusion. DEX at a dose of 1 microg/kg was administered over 10 min after intravenous cannulation. DEX was infused to maintain sedation level within the range of the Observer's Assessment of Alertness and Sedation (OAA/S) scale 3- 4 throughout dental treatments. They were successfully treated under DEX sedation without any complications. Their uncooperative behaviors were successfully managed under DEX sedation.
    The Journal of clinical pediatric dentistry 09/2013; 38(1):79-81. DOI:10.17796/jcpd.38.1.w86t8k7r51k72617 · 0.34 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Osteopontin (OPN) is known to be significantly involved in the pathogenesis of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). This study aimed to evaluate if the serum concentration of OPN in patients with RA before and after therapeutic treatments was correlated to disease activity and response to therapy. Blood samples from 40 patients with RA were collected at baseline and six months after starting treatment with disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARDs) and/or tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α blockers. Serum levels of OPN were measured by ELISA. At baseline, the serum OPN level in RA patients was significantly higher than that of the healthy group. The OPN level at baseline in RA patients with severe disease activity as evaluated by DAS28 was slightly higher than that of those with moderate disease activity. The serum OPN level in RA patients was not significantly correlated with the DAS28 level. The serum OPN level in both responders and non-responders after therapy was significantly decreased regardless of responsiveness to therapy. Also, the OPN level at baseline did not affect the responsiveness to therapeutic treatments. In conclusion, serum OPN level was not correlated with disease activity or responsiveness of RA patients to therapeutic treatments.
    Clinical Rheumatology 09/2013; 33(3). DOI:10.1007/s10067-013-2375-3 · 1.77 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Type 1 myotonic dystrophy (DM1) is an autosomal-dominant inherited disorder with a multisystem involvement, caused by an abnormal expansion of the CTG sequence of the dystrophic myotonia protein kinase (DMPK) gene. DM1 is a variable multisystem disorder with muscular and nonmuscular abnormalities. Increasingly, endocrine abnormalities, such as gonadal, pancreatic, and adrenal dysfunction are being reported. But, Electrolytes imbalance is a very rare condition in patients with DM1 yet. Herein we present a 42-yr-old Korean male of DM1 with abnormally elevated serum sodium and potassium. The patient had minimum volume of maximally concentrated urine without water loss. It was only cured by normal saline hydration. The cause of hypernatremia was considered by primary hypodipsia. Hyperkalemic conditions such as renal failure, pseudohyperkalemia, cortisol deficiency and hyperkalemic periodic paralysis were excluded. Further endocrine evaluation suggested selective hyperreninemic hypoaldosteronism as a cause of hyperkalemia.
    Journal of Korean medical science 07/2013; 28(7):1111-3. DOI:10.3346/jkms.2013.28.7.1111 · 1.25 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Lennox-Gastaut syndrome (LGS) is a severe form of childhood epilepsy that is defined by generalized multiple type seizures, slowness of intellectual growth, and a specific EEG disturbance. Children affected might previously have infantile spasms or underlying brain disorder but etiology can be idiopathic. LGS seizures are often treatment resistant and the long term prognosis is poor. A 14-year-3-month old, 20.5 kg girl with LGS was scheduled for dental treatment under general anesthesia. The patient presented with multiple caries and heavy calculus. General anesthesia was induced and maintained with inhalation agent, Sevoflurane. And caries treatment, scaling, subgingival curretage were performed. LGS patients usually have poor oral hygiene due to mental retardation and have high risk of seizure during dental treatment. In dental treatment under general anesthesia for LGS, it must be considered of seizure control during peri-operative period. Also periodic recall check, instruction of oral hygiene must be performed.
    06/2013; 9(1). DOI:10.12655/jkdoh.2013.9.1.51
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    ABSTRACT: Developmental disorders are a group of psychiatric conditions originating in childhood that involve serious impairments in different areas. These disorders comprise language disorders, learning disorders, motor disorders and autism spectrum disorders. Midazolam is a short-acting drug in the benzodiazepine class developed by Hoffmann-La Roche in the 1970s. The drug is used for treatment of acute seizures, moderate to severe insomnia, and for inducing sedation and amnesia before medical procedures. It possesses profoundly potent anxiolytic, amnestic, hypnotic, anticonvulsant, skeletal muscle relaxant, and sedative properties. The anterograde amnesia property of midazolam is useful for premedication before surgery to inhibit unpleasant memories. This article presents a case report including caries treatment of a 8-year-old male patient with developmental disorders using oral midazolam premedication as an alternative method of behavior management prior to general anesthesia.
    06/2013; 9(1). DOI:10.12655/jkdoh.2013.9.1.46
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    ABSTRACT: De Grouchy syndrome or Distal 18q- is a genetic condition caused by a deletion of genetic material within chromosome 18, and the deletion involves the distal section of 18q. It causes a wide range of medical and developmental concerns. Congenital orthopedic anomalies, cleft lip and palate are relatively common. People with distal 18q- are often small for their age. Most individuals with distal 18q- fall in the mild to moderate range of intellectual disability. Strabismus and nystagmus, changes in the optic nerve as well as colobomas are also fairly common. People with distal 18q- frequently have conductive and/or sensorineural hearing loss. At present, treatment for distal 18q- is only symptomatic. This article presents a case report: Caries treatment of a 4-year-old female patient with de Grouchy syndrome under general anesthesia. The special considerations of dental care, especially caries treatment for the patient with de Grouchy syndrome are discussed.
    06/2013; 9(1). DOI:10.12655/jkdoh.2013.9.1.42
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    ABSTRACT: Effect of supplementation of phosphatidylserine (PS), enzymatically synthesized from soy lecithin, on skin moisture and wrinkle in animal and human was investigated. Skin moisture content of hairless mice was significantly decreased and skin thickness and wrinkle were significantly increased by UV irradiation, whereas PS-supplemented groups showed reduced wrinkle depth and much less wrinkle area unlike UV control (UV/Con) group. The collagen content in PS-supplemented groups increased compared with that in UV/Con group. A placebo-controlled double-blind intake study of soft capsules containing PS (300 mg/day) was performed on 63 subjects who had normal healthy skin for 12 weeks. Dermatologist’s visual assessment and image analysis of replicas showed that wrinkle near eye was improved by PSsupplementation. Upon measurement of moisture content in the skin, PS supplementation increased the moisture content in the skin. These findings showed that PS supplementation was effective in moisturizing and improving wrinkle of the skin in both animal and human; thus, PS could be used as an effective skin food ingredient.
    Journal of the Korean Society for Applied Biological Chemistry 04/2013; 56(2). DOI:10.1007/s13765-013-3012-1 · 0.54 Impact Factor
  • 02/2013; 40(1):66-71. DOI:10.5933/JKAPD.2013.40.1.66
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    ABSTRACT: Mutations in the DSPP gene have been identified in nonsyndromic hereditary dentin defects, but the genotype-phenotype correlations are not fully understood. Recently, it has been demonstrated that the mutations of DSPP affecting the IPV leader sequence result in mutant DSPP retention in rough endoplasmic reticulum (ER). In this study, we identified a Korean family with dentinogenesis imperfecta type III. To identify the disease causing mutation in this family, we performed mutational analysis based on candidate gene sequencing. Exons and exon-intron boundaries of DSPP gene were sequenced, and the effects of the identified mutation on the pre-mRNA splicing and protein secretion were investigated. Candidate gene sequencing revealed a mutation (c.50C > T, p.P17L) in exon 2 of the DSPP gene. The splicing assay showed that the mutation did not influence pre-mRNA splicing. However, the mutation interfered with protein secretion and resulted in the mutant protein remaining largely in the ER. These results suggest that the mutation affects ER-to-Golgi apparatus export and results in the reduction of secreted DSPP and ER overload. This may induce cell stress and damage processing and/or transport of dentin matrix proteins or other critical proteins.
    01/2013; 2013:948181. DOI:10.1155/2013/948181
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    ABSTRACT: We investigated whether taurine chloramine (TauCl), which is -endogenously produced by immune cells such as macrophages that infiltrate adipose tissue, affects the differentiation of preadipocytes into adipocytes or modulates the expression of adipokines in adipocytes. To study the physiological effects of TauCl on human adipocyte differentiation and adipokine expression, preadipocytes were cultured under differentiation conditions for 14 days in the presence or the absence of TauCl. Differentiated adipocytes were also treated with TauCl in the presence or the absence of IL-1β (1 ng/ml) for 7 days. The culture supernatants were analyzed for adipokines such as adiponectin, leptin, IL-6, and IL-8. At concentrations of 400-600 μM, TauCl significantly inhibited the differentiation of human preadipocytes into adipocytes in a dose-dependent manner. It did not induce the dedifferentiation of adipocytes or inhibit fat accumulation in adipocytes. Expression of major transcription factors of adipogenesis and adipocyte marker genes was decreased after treatment with TauCl, in agreement with its inhibition of -differentiation. These results suggest that TauCl may inhibit the differentiation of -preadipocytes into adipocytes. Thus, TauCl or more stable derivatives of TauCl could potentially be a safe drug therapy for obesity-related diseases.
    Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology 01/2013; 775:247-57. DOI:10.1007/978-1-4614-6130-2_21 · 2.01 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

424 Citations
116.79 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2013–2015
    • Korea Food Research Institute
      Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea
  • 2003–2015
    • Seoul National University
      • • College of Dentistry
      • • Department of Dentistry
      Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea
  • 2008–2014
    • Kyung Hee University Medical Center
      • Division of Rheumatology
      Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea
  • 2004–2013
    • Kyung Hee University
      • • Department of Medicine
      • • College of Medicine
      Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea
  • 2012
    • Chung-Ang University
      Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea
  • 2009–2012
    • Chung-Ang University Hospital
      Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea
  • 2011
    • Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute (KAERI)
      • Nuclear Materials Research Division
      Daiden, Daejeon, South Korea
  • 2010
    • Spinal Diagnostics and Treatment Center
      Daly City, California, United States
    • Korea Institute of Energy Research
      Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea
  • 2006–2008
    • University of Seoul
      Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea