[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We have found, through a series of recent experiments, encouraging evidence that the neuro-motor system is motivated to change motor patterns when exposed to visuo-motor tasks. We have also shown that the learning of these tasks can be heightened with forces and/or visual distortions that appropriately manipulate the error. This process does not require intense concentration and it is often considered a game. We describe the next generation of robotic large-workspace, three dimensional haptics/graphics systems for rehabilitation
Biomedical Robotics and Biomechatronics, 2006. BioRob 2006. The First IEEE/RAS-EMBS International Conference on; 03/2006
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: first paragraph: The emergence of new robotic devices designed to interface with humans has led to great strides in both fundamental and clinical research on the sensory motor system. They [WHO?] have answered questions relevant to rehabilitation, haptics (the study of artificially rendering touch), motor control, and humans-machine interactions. Most importantly these devices (such as in Fig. 1) have explored how humans spontaneously adapt under altered conditions (Shadmehr and Mussa-Ivaldi 1994; Wolpert et al. 1994; Wolpert et al. 1995a; Conditt et al. 1997; Shadmehr and Holcomb 1997; Conditt and Mussa-Ivaldi 1999; Shadmehr and Moussavi 2000; Milner 2002; Tong et al. 2002; Franklin and Milner 2003; Karniel and Mussa-Ivaldi 2003; Novak et al. 2003; Osu et al. 2003; Patton and Mussa-Ivaldi 2004; Wei and Patton 2004. This paper focuses the promise of applications that harness this new knowledge on adaptation.