ABSTRACT: Smart antenna refers to any type of antenna arrays combined with signal processor components which can adjust its own beam pattern in order to emphasize on the signal of interest and minimizing the interference signal. The accurate estimation of direction of interest which is also known as direction of arrival (DOA) of the incident signals is very significant to produce beam from antenna. There are several algorithms those have the ability in calculating the DOA of the incidents signals. In this paper an adaptive antenna is applied by using the most frequent used algorithm, estimation of signal parameters via rotational invariance technique (ESPRIT) to obtain the direction of arrival (DOA) of any incident signals. The exact number of samples and elements used is the most important parameter in the algorithms in order to sustain the accuracy of the direction of arrival of the incident signals. The optimization was done by running the program in cellular mobile environments. The data from the optimization was evaluated using SPSS in evaluating the performance of the algorithm.
RF and Microwave Conference, 2008. RFM 2008. IEEE International; 01/2009