Publications (2)2.18 Total impact
Article: Longitudinal performance of a vestibular prosthesis as assessed by electrically evoked compound action potential recording.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Electrical stimulation of the vestibular end organ with a vestibular prosthesis may provide an effective treatment for vestibular loss if the stimulation remains effective over a significant period of time after implantation of the device. To assess efficacy of electrical stimulation in an animal model, we implanted 3 rhesus monkeys with a vestibular prosthesis based on a cochlear implant. We then recorded vestibular electrically evoked compound action potentials (vECAPs) longitudinally in each of the implanted canals to see how the amplitude of the response changed over time. The results suggest that vECAPs, and therefore electrical activation of vestibular afferent fibers, can remain largely stable over time following implantation.Conference proceedings: ... Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society. IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society. Conference 08/2012; 2012:6128-31.
Article: Auditory outcomes following implantation and electrical stimulation of the semicircular canals.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: We measured auditory brainstem responses (ABRs) in eight Rhesus monkeys after implantation of electrodes in the semicircular canals of one ear, using a multi-channel vestibular prosthesis based on cochlear implant technology. In five animals, click-evoked ABR thresholds in the implanted ear were within 10 dB of thresholds in the non-implanted control ear. Threshold differences in the remaining three animals varied from 18 to 69 dB, indicating mild to severe hearing losses. Click- and tone-evoked ABRs measured in a subset of animals before and after implantation revealed a comparable pattern of threshold changes. Thresholds obtained five months or more after implantation--a period in which the prosthesis regularly delivered electrical stimulation to achieve functional activation of the vestibular system--improved in three animals with no or mild initial hearing loss and increased in a fourth with a moderate hearing loss. These results suggest that, although there is a risk of hearing loss with unilateral vestibular implantation to treat balance disorders, the surgery can be performed in a manner that preserves hearing over an extended period of functional stimulation.Hearing research 04/2012; 287(1-2):51-6. · 2.18 Impact Factor