Francesco Guidi

Catholic University of the Sacred Heart , Milano, Lombardy, Italy

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Publications (33)176.61 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Hypermethylation of DAPK1 promoter gene was found to be a frequent epigenetic alteration in follicular lymphoma (FL). We evaluated whether the quantitation of DAPK1 methylation in the bone marrow (BM) and peripheral blood of FL patients at diagnosis and during follow-up provides important prognostic information. DAPK1 methylation was quantitated by real-time MethyLight PCR in 107 patients at diagnosis, at end of therapy, and during follow-up. Information on BCL2-IGH rearrangement and clinical characteristics were available for all patients. Aberrant DAPK1 methylation was found in 22 of 26 (85%) lymph node biopsy samples, 62 of 107 (58%) BM specimens, and 25 of 63 (40%) peripheral blood samples at diagnosis. DAPK1 methylation was greater in patients with BM infiltration and a higher Follicular Lymphoma International Prognostic Index score, whereas there was no association. The presence of aberrant DAPK1 methylation in BM significantly reduced progression-free survival following immunochemotherapy, independent of Follicular Lymphoma International Prognostic Index score. Residual or increased methylation after treatment was associated with an increased risk for relapse. With watchful waiting, greater DAPK1 methylation at diagnosis was associated with a shorter time to antilymphoma treatment. Our study indicates that quantitation of DAPK1 methylation represents a prognostically relevant FL biomarker, with promising implications for risk assessment.
    The Journal of molecular diagnostics: JMD 05/2014; DOI:10.1016/j.jmoldx.2014.03.003 · 3.96 Impact Factor
  • Experimental hematology 05/2014; 42(9). DOI:10.1016/j.exphem.2014.04.011 · 2.81 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The azanucleotides azacitidine and decitabine have been shown to induce hematologic response and prolong survival in higher-risk myelodysplastic syndromes. They are inhibitors of DNA methyltransferase-1 and induce DNA-hypomethylation. Induction of apoptosis is also clinically relevant, in particular during the first treatment cycles, when cytopenia is a frequent side-effect. Since the hypomethylating effect is reversible, and the malignant clone has been shown to persist in most responding patients, several cycles are necessary to achieve and maintain responses, while treatment interruption is associated with rapid relapse. Methylation studies have shown global and gene-specific hypermethylation in myelodysplastic syndromes, but there seems to be little relation between the degree of demethylation following hypomethylating treatment and hematologic response. The presence of concurrent genomic hypermethylation and hypomethylation may impair the predictive power of current detection techniques. This scenario has been complicated by the identification of epigenetic enzyme mutations, including TET2, IDH1/2, DNMT3A and EZH2, which are important for response to hypomethylating treatment. Changes in azanucleotide metabolism genes may also play a role. In the future, methylation analysis concentrating not only on promoters, but also on gene bodies and intergenic regions, may identify key genes in patients with the highest probability of response to azanucleotides and allow a patient-tailored approach.
    Haematologica 04/2014; 99(4):613-9. DOI:10.3324/haematol.2013.099549 · 5.87 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Hypermethylation of DAPK1 promoter gene was found to be a frequent epigenetic alteration in follicular lymphoma (FL). We evaluated whether the quantitation of DAPK1 methylation in the bone marrow (BM) and peripheral blood of FL patients at diagnosis and during follow-up provides important prognostic information. DAPK1 methylation was quantitated by real-time MethyLight PCR in 107 patients at diagnosis, at end of therapy, and during follow-up. Information on BCL2-IGH rearrangement and clinical characteristics were available for all patients. Aberrant DAPK1 methylation was found in 22 of 26 (85%) lymph node biopsy samples, 62 of 107 (58%) BM specimens, and 25 of 63 (40%) peripheral blood samples at diagnosis. DAPK1 methylation was greater in patients with BM infiltration and a higher Follicular Lymphoma International Prognostic Index score, whereas there was no association. The presence of aberrant DAPK1 methylation in BM significantly reduced progression-free survival following immunochemotherapy, independent of Follicular Lymphoma International Prognostic Index score. Residual or increased methylation after treatment was associated with an increased risk for relapse. With watchful waiting, greater DAPK1 methylation at diagnosis was associated with a shorter time to antilymphoma treatment. Our study indicates that quantitation of DAPK1 methylation represents a prognostically relevant FL biomarker, with promising implications for risk assessment.
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    ABSTRACT: ABSTRACT Therapy-related myeloid neoplasms (t-MN) are an increasingly recognized complication in patients previously treated with radiotherapy and/or chemotherapy for cancer or autoimmune disease. Single nucleotide variants (SNV) in genes involved in the cellular pathways of detoxification, DNA-repair and apoptosis may modify the individual risk of developing a t-MN. We studied the frequency of the SNV of six genes involved in xenobiotics' detoxification (CYP3A4, NQO1, GSTA1, GSTM1, GSTP1 and GSTT1), two DNA repair genes (RAD51 and XRCC3) and one key regulator of apoptosis (BCL2L10) in a case-control study including 111 t-MN and 259 controls. This is the first report on the prevalence of BCL2L10 Leu21Arg polymorphism in myeloid malignancies. In this line, we also tested 146 de novo MDS and 109 de novo AML. Our results showed a significantly lower frequency of the BCL2L10-21Arg allele in t-MN and de novo MDS patients compared to controls (Leu/Arg + Arg/Arg: 50.6% vs 65.9%, p=0.017 and 45.8% vs 65.9%, p=0.0003, respectively). Carriers of the BCL2L10-21Arg variant have a reduced risk to develop t-MN and de novo MDS.
    Leukemia & lymphoma 09/2013; DOI:10.3109/10428194.2013.845885 · 2.61 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We evaluated whether Bradeion/SEPT4 gene expression could be used as a potential urinary marker to diagnose bladder transitional cell carcinoma. From 2005 to 2007 we collected urine samples from 58 individuals, 17 healthy controls and 41 patients in whom bladder tumors were previously diagnosed by cystoscopy. Urine was collected from all patients before transurethral resection of bladder tumor. We performed real-time reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction to evaluate Bradeion/SEPT4 transcript levels using urine sample mRNA. Statistical analysis was done with the Mann-Whitney test and ROC curves. Pathological examination of bladder tumor specimens revealed transitional cell bladder cancer. According to the 2002 TNM classification stage was Ta in 11 patients, T1 in 18 and T2/T3 in 12. All patients had G2 or G3 tumors according to the 1973 WHO grade classification. Relative quantification analysis of Bradeion transcript showed significantly increased levels compared to controls, namely 21.85 times higher in Ta stage tumors, 7.21 times higher in T1 tumors and 4.36 times higher in grade T2/T3 tumors. We compared each tumor stage group with the control group using the Mann-Whitney test to verify the statistical significance of observed differences. The ROC curve built on the change in threshold cycle revealed that with this method we attained 92.68% sensitivity and 64.71% specificity (AUC 0.798, p=0.0001). Bradeion/SEPT4 transcript levels are significantly increased in patients with transitional cell bladder cancer compared to healthy controls. Our preliminary study supports the possible usefulness of Bradeion as a urinary marker of urothelial disease.
    The Journal of urology 04/2012; 187(6):2223-7. DOI:10.1016/j.juro.2012.01.031 · 3.75 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Infections are a major cause of morbidity and mortality in patients with myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) due to quantitative and qualitative granulocytic defects. We evaluated the in vitro bactericidal and fungicidal activities of neutrophils isolated from MDS. With comparison to those from healthy individuals, MDS neutrophils following infection showed a significantly reduced killing activity against Escherichia coli at 8 (p=0.002), 24 (p<0.0001), 48 (p=0.0005), and 72 h (p=0.0264), against Lactococcus lactis at 24 (p=0.0002), 48 (p<0.0001), and 72 h (p<0.0001), and more against Candida albicans at 8 (p=0.0003), 24 (p<0.0001), 48 (p<0.0001), and 72 h (p<0.0001). Our data show that MDS neutrophils have an impaired microbicidal function, which might account for the high susceptibility to infections of MDS patients.
    Leukemia research 12/2011; 36(3):331-3. DOI:10.1016/j.leukres.2011.11.012 · 2.69 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is a clonal disorder of the hematopoietic stem cell, typical of the elderly, with a median age of over 60 years at diagnosis. In AML, older age is one of the strongest independent adverse prognostic factor, associated with decreased complete response rate, worse disease-free and overall survival, with highest rates of treatment related mortality, resistant disease and relapse, compared to younger patients. Outcomes are compromised in older patients not only by increased comorbidities and susceptibility to toxicity from therapy, but it is now recognized that elderly AML has peculiar biologic characteristics with a negative impact on treatment response. In older individuals prolonged exposure to environmental carcinogens may be the basis for similarities to therapy-related myeloid malignancies (t-MN), which result from toxic effects of previous cytotoxic treatments on hematopoietic stem cells. Age is itself a risk factor for t-MN, which are more frequent in elderly patients, where also a shorter latency between treatment of primary tumor and t-MN has been reported. t-MN following chemotherapy with alkylating agents and elderly AML frequently present MDS-related cytogenetic abnormalities, including complex or monosomal karyotype, and a myelodysplastic phase preceding the diagnosis of overt leukemia. Similarly, t-MN and elderly-AML share common molecular abnormalities, such as reduced frequency of NPM1, FLT3 and CEBPA mutations and increased MDR1 expression. Given the unfavorable prognosis of elderly and t-MN and the similar clinical and molecular aspects, this is a promising field for implementation of new treatment protocols including alternative biological drugs.
    Mediterranean Journal of Hematology and Infectious Diseases 11/2011; 3(1):e2011052. DOI:10.4084/MJHID.2011.052
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    ABSTRACT: Abnormal gene promoter methylation contributes to deregulate gene expression of hematopoietic progenitors in myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS). We analyzed the gene expression profile of myelodysplastic and normal CD34+ hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) treated in vitro with decitabine. We identified a list of candidate tumor suppressor genes, expressed at low levels in MDS HSCs and induced by hypomethylating treatment only in MDS, but not in normal HSCs. Real-time RT-PCR confirmed reduced CD9 expression in MDS CD34+ and bone marrow mononuclear cells, compared to normal controls. CD9 was specifically up-regulated by decitabine treatment in myelodysplastic CD34+ cells.
    Leukemia research 04/2011; 35(4):465-71. DOI:10.1016/j.leukres.2010.07.022 · 2.69 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Autistic spectrum disorder (ASD) is characterized by impaired language, communication and social skills, as well as by repetitive and stereotypic patterns of behavior. Many autistic subjects display a dysregulation of the immune system which is compatible with an unresolved viral infection with prenatal onset, potentially due to vertical viral transmission. Recently, the xenotropic murine leukemia virus-related virus (XMRV) has been implicated in chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) and in prostate cancer by several, though not all studies. We assessed whether XMRV or other murine leukemia virus (MLV)-related viruses are involved in autistic disorder. Using nested PCR targeted to gag genomic sequences, we screened DNA samples from: (i) peripheral blood of 102 ASD patients and 97 controls, (ii) post-mortem brain samples of 20 ASD patients and 17 sex- and age-matched controls, (iii) semen samples of 11 fathers of ASD children, 25 infertile individuals and 7 fertile controls. No XMRV gag DNA sequences were detected, whereas peripheral blood samples of 3/97 (3.1%) controls were positive for MLV. CONCLUSIONS| No MLV-related virus was detected in blood, brain, and semen samples of ASD patients or fathers. Hence infection with XMRV or other MLV-related viruses is unlikely to contribute to autism pathogenesis.
    PLoS ONE 02/2011; 6(2):e16609. DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0016609 · 3.53 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Epigenetic changes play a role in the pathogenesis of myeloid malignancies, and hypomethylating agents have shown efficacy in these diseases. We studied the apoptotic effect, genome-wide methylation, and gene expression profiles in HL60 cells following 5-aza-2'-deoxycytidine (decitabine; DAC) treatment, using microarray technologies. Decitabine treatment resulted in a decrease in global DNA methylation, corresponding to 4876 probeset IDs with significantly reduced methylation levels, while the expression of 2583 IDs was modified. The integrated analysis identified 160 genes demethylated and up-regulated by decitabine, mainly including development and differentiation pathway genes. Gene targets of Polycomb group protein regulation were overrepresented in this group. Apoptosis was induced by decitabine, and apoptosis-specific PCR arrays more precisely indicated decitabine-induced up-regulation of 13 apoptosis-related genes, in particular DAP-kinase 1 and BCL2L10. Correspondingly, in primary patient samples, BCL2L10 was hypermethylated in 45% of AML, 43% of therapy-related myeloid neoplasms, 12% of MDS, and in none of the controls. In conclusion, decitabine induces global demethylation and gene expression, in particular of Polycomb target genes involved in development and differentiation pathways. The apoptotic gene BCL2L10 is a frequent target for aberrant promoter methylation in patients with acute leukemia, de novo and therapy-related.
    Leukemia & lymphoma 11/2010; 51(12):2275-84. DOI:10.3109/10428194.2010.528093 · 2.61 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: DNA methylation is one of the major epigenetic changes in human cancers, leading to silencing of tumor suppressor genes, with a pathogenetic role in tumor development and progression in myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) and acute myeloid leukemia (AML). Methylation of key promoter regions, induced by cytotoxic therapy together with complex genetic changes, is important in the biology of therapy-related myeloid neoplasms (t-MN). We were interested in the characterization of the methylation pattern of AML and MDS de novo and therapy-related. We studied 385 patients (179 females, 206 males), of a median age of 66 years (range 16-98 years). There were 105 MDS, 208 de novo AML and 72 t-MN (45 MDS and 27 AML). Using a methylation-specific PCR, we studied the promoter methylation status of E-cadherin (CDH1), TSP1 and DAP-Kinase 1. These genes have been shown to be involved in the malignant transformation, interfering with angiogenesis, interaction with micro-environment, apoptosis and xenobiotic detoxification. We found no associations between promoter hypermethylation and gender or age at the time of initial diagnosis. In patients with MDS, there were no associations between hypermethylation and clinical characteristics, including IPSS score, WHO classification and cytogenetics. DAPK1 was more frequently methylated in t-MDS/AML when compared to de novo MDS and AML (39% vs 15.3% and 24.4%, p=0.0001), while methylation of CDH1 was similar in t-MDS/AML and AML (51% and 53.4%), but less frequent in de novo MDS (29%) (p=0.003). In the t-MDS/AML group, we found that the methylation pattern appeared to be related to the primary tumor, with DAPK1 more frequently methylated in patients with a previous lymphoproliferative disease (75% vs 32%, p=0.006). On the other hand, methylation of CDH1 was associated to radiotherapy for the primary malignancy (84.5% vs 38%, p=0.003). TSP1 hypermethylation was rare and not characteristic of t-MDS/AML. In 177 patients studied for concurrent methylation of several promoters, t-MN and AML de novo were significantly more frequently hypermethylated in 2 or more promoter regions than de novo MDS (20% vs 12.4%, p<0.001). Chemotherapy and individual genetic predisposition have a role in t-MDS/AML development, the identification of specific epigenetic modifications may explain complexity and genomic instability of these diseases and give the basis for targeted-therapy. The significant association with previous malignancy subtypes may underlie a likely susceptibility to methylation of specific targets and a role for constitutional epimutations as predisposing factors for the development of therapy-related myeloid neoplasm.
    Blood Cells Molecules and Diseases 10/2010; 45(3):181-5. DOI:10.1016/j.bcmd.2010.05.008 · 2.33 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Therapy-related Myelodysplastic Syndromes/Acute Myeloid Leukemias (t-MDS/AML) are one of the most compelling long term adverse events occurring in cancer survivors treated with chemo-radiotherapy regimes. Beside several well-described genetic lesions, a growing amount of data suggests that abnormalities in DNA methylation profile contribute to multistep secondary leukemogenesis. Two distinct alterations of normal DNA methylation patterns may occur in cancer: a global hypomethylation resulting in chromosomal instability and loss of genetic integrity, and promoter specific DNA hypermethylation which leads to silencing of tumor suppressor genes. Cytotoxic drugs and radiation have been shown to affect tissue DNA methylation profile. Radiation is able to induce a stable DNA hypomethylation in both target and bystander tissues. Gene promoter methylation is a common finding in t-MDS/AML and has been associated to a shorter latency period from the treatment of the primary tumor. Among the studied genes, p15 methylation correlated to monosomy/deletion of chromosome 7q, suggesting that it could be a relevant event in alkylating agent-induced leukemogenesis. We found frequent methylation of DAPK in the t-MDS/AML group, especially in patients with a previous lymphoproliferative disease. In patients studied for concurrent methylation of several promoters, t-MDS/AML were significantly more frequently hypermethylated in 2 or more promoter regions than de novo MDS or AML suggesting that promoter hypermethylation of genes involved in cell cycle control, apoptosis and DNA repair pathways is a frequent finding in t-MDS/AML and may contribute to secondary leukemogenesis. However, how the epigenetic machinery is disrupted after chemo/radiotherapy and during secondary carcinogenesis is still unknown, warranting further studies.
    Chemico-biological interactions 10/2009; 184(1-2):46-9. DOI:10.1016/j.cbi.2009.10.013 · 2.98 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Alterations of the transcription factors CCAAT/enhancer binding protein alpha (CEBPA) and PU.1 have been described in acute myeloid leukemia (AML). We studied CEBPA and PU.1 mRNA levels by real-time RT-PCR in 109 primary AML samples, compared with normal bone marrow and peripheral blood cells. Low PU.1 levels were observed in monoblastic leukemias, while low CEBPA levels were associated with leukopenia at diagnosis and lack of expression of differentiation antigens CD33 and CD11c. We conclude that down-regulation of CEBPA and PU.1 is not a general feature of primary AML, but appears to be restricted to distinct AML subtypes.
    Leukemia Research 10/2008; 32(9):1448-53. DOI:10.1016/j.leukres.2008.01.007 · 2.69 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In polycythemia vera (PV) and essential thrombocythemia (ET) specific JAK2 mutations constitutively activate the JAK-STAT pathway, explaining biologic findings such as endogenous erythroid colony (EECs) growth or PRV-1 RNA overexpression. Since these markers are detected also in JAK2 wild type patients, we hypothesized that, in these cases, the activation of the JAK-STAT pathway could be produced by a deregulation of the suppressor of cytokine signaling (SOCS) protein system. Eighty-one patients with PV and ET (53 adults and 28 children) were investigated for the methylation status of the SOCS-1, SOCS-2 and SOCS-3 CpG islands and for several myeloproliferative markers (including JAK2 and MPL mutations and clonality of hematopoiesis). SOCS-1 or SOCS-3 hypermethylation was identified in 23 patients and was associated with a significant decrease of SOCS-1 or SOCS-3 RNA and protein levels. The gene expression was restored by exposing cells to the demethylating agent 2-deoxyazacytidin. Interestingly, SOCS-1 or SOCS-3 hypermethylation was detected in 6 female patients, proved negative for JAK2 or MPL mutations and exhibiting monoclonal hematopoiesis. In conclusion, SOCS-1 or SOCS-3 hypermethylation can activate the JAK-STAT signaling pathway in alternative or together with JAK2 mutations. These alterations might represent a potential therapeutic target.
    International Journal of Cancer 10/2008; 123(7):1586-92. DOI:10.1002/ijc.23694 · 5.01 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Glutathione S-transferases (GSTs) are phase II detoxification enzymes involved in the metabolism of carcinogens and anticancer drugs, known also to interact with kinase complexes during oxidative or chemical stress-induced apoptosis. We were interested whether their polymorphic variants may account for differences in outcome of patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) following chemotherapy. We studied the prognostic role of polymorphisms in three GST genes (GSTP1/M1/T1) in a large patient cohort of the German Austrian Acute Myeloid Leukemia Study Group, treated according to prospective multicenter clinical trials (AML HD98A: 254 patients; AML HD98-B: 100 patients), with a median follow-up of 46 months. Looking at short-term adverse drug reactions, homozygous carriers of the GSTP1*105 Val allele had a faster neutrophil and platelet recovery (P=0.002 and 0.02, respectively) and a reduced need of red cell and platelet transfusions (P=0.01 and 0.03, respectively). Response to induction chemotherapy did not vary according to GST polymorphisms. Multivariable Cox regression models revealed a significant better relapse-free (RFS) and overall survival for the GSTP1(*)105 Val (P=0.003 and 0.03, respectively), whereas GSTT1 and GSTM1 genotypes had no significant impact. The favorable impact of GSTP1(*)105 Val on RFS seems to be restricted to the subgroup of patients exhibiting a normal karyotype.
    Leukemia: official journal of the Leukemia Society of America, Leukemia Research Fund, U.K 07/2008; 22(9):1685-91. DOI:10.1038/leu.2008.169 · 9.38 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In the proposed revised World Health Organization (WHO) criteria for the diagnosis of BCR-ABL(-) myeloproliferative diseases (MPDs), exclusion criteria have been replaced by the presence of JAK2 mutations. We applied these criteria to 45 children with MPDs: 13 with polycythemia vera (PV) and 32 with essential thrombocythemia (ET). Among these 45 patients, 12 with ET and 5 with PV had a familial history of MPD, and had been investigated for hereditary mutations of the erythropoietin receptor, thrombopoietin, or MPL genes. We found that the JAK2(V617F) mutation in children occurs less frequently than in adults, and that exon 12 JAK2 mutations are absent. On the basis of the revised WHO criteria, a significant proportion of childhood PVs were misdiagnosed. Furthermore, all familial ET, including patients carrying the hereditary MPL(Ser505Asn) activating mutation, were erroneously diagnosed as MPDs. Our observations suggest that childhood MPDs require a set of specific diagnostic criteria.
    Blood 12/2007; 110(9):3384-6. DOI:10.1182/blood-2007-06-094276 · 9.78 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Polymorphisms in genes involved in detoxification and DNA-repair pathways may modify the individual's risk for genomic damage, and, as a consequence, the risk of developing malignant diseases. We performed a case-control study including 160 cases of acute myeloid leukaemia (AML) and 162 matched controls to test the impact of six genomic polymorphisms on the risk to develop AML and/or therapy-related AML. We found a significantly higher prevalence of the polymorphic variants RAD51-G135C and CYP3A4-A-290G genes in AML cases, when compared with controls (P = 0.02 and P = 0.04), increasing the risk of AML 2.1-folds (95% CI: 1.1-4.0) and 3.2-fold (95% CI: 1.1-11.5), respectively. Carriers of both the RAD51-G135C and CYP3A4-A-290G variants were at highest AML risk (P = 0.003; OR:13,6; 95% CI: 2.0-585.5), suggesting a synergistic effect between these polymorphisms. These results suggest that polymorphic variants in DNA-repair and detoxification enzymes may co-operate in modulating the individual's risk of AML.
    Annals of Oncology 10/2007; 18(9):1523-8. DOI:10.1093/annonc/mdm191 · 6.58 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In Hodgkin's lymphoma (HL), the production of cytokines by Reed-Sternberg cells and the surrounding tissue is thought to contribute to the biology of the disease. Cytokine expression can be altered by common single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the 5'-promoter regions. We studied polymorphic allele variants of the cytokine genes interleukin (IL)-10 (T-3575A, G-2849A, C-2763A, A-1082G and C-592A), IL-6 (G-174C) and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (C-863A and G-308A) in 184 patients with HL, and analyzed for associations with treatment outcome. Carriers of the IL-10-592AA and the IL-6-174GG genotypes had a significantly lower probability of freedom from treatment failure (FFTF) with adjusted hazard ratios (HRs) for failure of 2.92 [95% CI (confidence interval) 1.58-5.41, P = 0.001] and of 1.75 (95% CI 1.04-2.92, P = 0.03), respectively. Reconstructing haplotypes from the five SNPs in the IL-10 promoter revealed that homozygous carriers of the IL-10.4 haplotype (T-G-C-A-A) had a worse FFTF (HR, 2.35; 95% CI 1.2-4.6, P = 0.01). In the Cox multivariate analysis, the IL-10-592AA, the IL-6-174GG genotypes and stage were independent prognostic factors. Our study indicates that cytokine genotypes predict clinical outcome in patients with HL and points to the importance of the genetic background of the host for treatment response.
    Annals of Oncology 09/2007; 18(8):1376-81. DOI:10.1093/annonc/mdm132 · 6.58 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The V617F JAK2 mutation reported in Ph-negative myeloproliferative diseases (MPDs) induces the constitutive activation of JAK2, which produces an increased phosphorylation of signal transducer activator of transcription (STAT). In this study, we have analyzed a series of 114 patients (54 with polycythemia vera [PV], 44 with essential thrombocythemia [ET], 12 with idiopathic myelofibrosis [IM], and 4 with myelofibrosis secondary to MPD) for the expression pattern of phosphorylated STAT-3 and STAT-5 (pSTAT-3 and pSTAT-5, respectively) by immunostaining bone marrow biopsies. We found 3 specific patterns of pSTAT-3 and pSTAT-5 expression, significantly different from the normal staining pattern: uniformly increased pSTAT-3 and pSTAT-5 expression in PV, increased pSTAT-3 and reduced pSTAT-5 expression in ET, and uniformly reduced pSTAT-3 and pSTAT-5 expression in IM. A moderate increase of pSTAT-3 and pSTAT-5 expression was observed in secondary forms of erythrocytosis and thrombocytosis. In all evaluated MPDs, the pSTAT-5 and pSTAT-3 expression pattern was not influenced by the presence of V617F JAK2 mutation. These findings underline the importance of bone marrow histology in the differential diagnosis of Ph-negative MPD and support the hypothesis that V617F mutation simply contributes with other molecular defects in allowing the PV, ET, or IM phenotype to emerge.
    Blood 08/2007; 110(1):354-9. DOI:10.1182/blood-2007-01-069237 · 9.78 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

607 Citations
176.61 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2003–2014
    • Catholic University of the Sacred Heart
      • Institute of Hematology
      Milano, Lombardy, Italy
  • 2008
    • The Catholic University of America
      Washington, Washington, D.C., United States
  • 2005
    • Sacred Heart University
      Феърфилд, Connecticut, United States