Publications (2)2.93 Total impact
Article: Metamorphosis induces a light-dependent switch in Senegalese sole (Solea senegalensis) from diurnal to nocturnal behavior.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Light plays a key role in the development of biological rhythms in fish. Recent research in Senegal sole has revealed that spawning and hatching rhythms, larval development, and growth performance are strongly influenced by lighting conditions. However, the effect of light on the daily patterns of behavior remains unexplored. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate the impact of different photoperiod regimes and white, blue, and red light on the activity rhythms and foraging behavior of Solea senegalensis larvae up to 40 days posthatching (DPH). To this end, eggs were collected immediately after spawning during the night and exposed to continuous white light (LL), continuous darkness (DD), or light-dark (LD) 12L:12D cycles of white (LD(W)), blue (LD(B), λ(peak) = 463 nm), or red light (LD(R), λ(peak) = 685 nm). A filming scenario was designed to video record activity rhythms during day and night times using infrared lights. The results revealed that activity rhythms in LD(B) and LD(W) changed from diurnal to nocturnal on days 9 to 10 DPH, coinciding with the onset of metamorphosis. In LD(R), sole larvae remained nocturnal throughout the experimental period, while under LL and DD, larvae failed to show any rhythm. In addition, larvae exposed to LD(B) and LD(W) had the highest prey capture success rate (LD(B) = 82.6% ± 2.0%; LD(W) = 75.1% ± 1.3%) and attack rate (LD(B) = 54.3% ± 1.9%; LD(W) = 46.9% ± 3.0%) during the light phase (ML) until 9 DPH. During metamorphosis, the attack and capture success rates in these light conditions were higher during the dark phase (MD), when they showed the same nocturnal behavioral pattern as under LD(R) conditions. These results revealed that the development of sole larvae is tightly controlled by light characteristics, underlining the importance of the natural underwater photoenvironment (LD cycles of blue wavelengths) for the normal onset of the rhythmic behavior of fish larvae during early ontogenesis.Journal of Biological Rhythms 04/2012; 27(2):135-44. · 2.93 Impact Factor
Article: Behavioral responses of European sea bass (Dicentrarchus labrax) larvae and Artemia sp. exposed to constant light or darkness vs. light/dark cycles of white, red or blue wavelengths[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The performance and survival of fish larvae are strongly influenced by their surrounding photic environment. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of light characteristics (spectrum and photoperiod) on the feeding and locomotor behaviors of European sea bass larvae and its prey (Artemia sp.). To this end, constant light (LL), constant darkness (DD) and 12:12 h LD cycles of red, blue or white LED lights were applied from 1 to 30 days post-hatching. The Modal Action Patterns (swimming duration, orientation, capture, miss and pass frequencies) of larvae and Artemia distribution in the tank were video recorded and analyzed using newly developed tracking software. The results showed that under LDB the phototactic response of sea bass larvae led to a significatively homogeneous distribution in the tanks and aquaria, while under LDW and LL the highest larvae density (52%) was seen on the tank walls. LDB and LDW resulted in longer swimming duration and earlier weaning. Larvae exposed to darkness and red light showed the lowest swimming and feeding activity, and a higher aggregation tendency of both fish larvae and the live prey. White light exposure resulted in a strong phototactic response from fish larvae and Artemia, which consisted of a tendency to congregate at the corners or close to the walls of the tank/aquaria. Artemia hatching rate under blue light was highest (56.5 ± 2.9%) in contrast with red light (26.3 ± 1.4%) and total darkness (27.9 ± 3.9). These results showed that the relationship between the behavioral responses of sea bass larvae and Artemia is strongly affected by lighting conditions, which has both basic and practical implications for understanding their behavioral ecology and for improving culture protocols.Aquaculture. 317:197-202.