[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: A non-fouling surface containing immobilized polyethylene oxide (PEO) was achieved using an argon radio-frequency glow discharge treatment (RFGD) of polyethylene films precoated with Brij hydrocarbon-PEO surfactants. Surface wettability of RFGD-treated and washed surfaces increased the most when PEO surfactants with unsaturated and/or long alkyl tails were used. ESCA measurements of treated and washed surfaces showed increases of surface O/C ratios and ether carbon peaks in high resolution Cls spectra. These results demonstrate the retention of the PEO surfactants on the treated surfaces. Fibrinogen adsorp tion on these treated surfaces was significantly reduced, from 500 to 50 ng/cm2, indicating the non-fouling properties of the RFGD-immobilized PEO surfactants.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: A series of hydrogels with large pores was synthesized by the precipitation polymerization of 2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate (HEMA) with crosslinking agent in aqueous solution. Such gels are potentially useful for the controlled release of large-molecular-weight species such as proteins. In this study, the release behavior of lysozyme and alpha-amylase from hydrogels formed from HEMA or HEMA with a comonomer was studied. It was found that the polymer composition affected the total amount of lysozyme released and its activity. Effects were smaller with alpha-amylase. Charged gels, containing a phosphate moiety, released larger amounts of lysozyme at a reduced rate as a result of charge-charge interactions.
Biomaterials, artificial cells, and immobilization biotechnology: official journal of the International Society for Artificial Cells and Immobilization Biotechnology 02/1993; 21(1):1-22. DOI:10.3109/10731199309118293
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: A non-fouling (protein-resistant) polymer surface is achieved by the covalent immobilization of polyethylene oxide (PEO) surfactants using an inert gas discharge treatment. Treated surfaces have been characterized using electron spectroscopy for chemical analysis (ESCA), static secondary ion mass spectrometry (SSIMS), water contact angle measurement, fibrinogen adsorption, and platelet adhesion. This paper is intended to review our recent work in using this simple surface modification process to obtain wettable polymer surfaces in general, and non-fouling biomaterial surfaces in particular.
Journal of Adhesion Science and Technology 01/1993; 7(10):1065-1076. DOI:10.1163/156856193X00583 · 0.96 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: A non-fouling (protein resistant) polymer surface was achieved using an argon glow discharge treatment of a polyethylene surface which had been precoated with various poly(ethylene oxide)/poly(propylene oxide)/poly(ethylene oxide) (PEO-PPO-PEO) tri-block copolymer surfactants. The surfactant is first deposited on the polymer surface via a solvent swelling and evaporation method. Then the coated surfactant is immobilized on the substrate surface by an inert gas discharge treatment. ESCA and water contact angle () measurements on treated and solvent washed surfaces show significant increases in both surface O/C ratios and surface water wettability (0 < 30°) compared to LDPE control surfaces, revealing the presence of PEO on the treated surfaces. A great reduction of fibrinogen adsorption on the modified surfaces is also observed for the highest PEO content surfactants. This simple surface modification process may have wide applicability to obtain wettable polymer surfaces in general, and non-fouling biomaterial surfaces in specific.
Journal of Adhesion Science and Technology 01/1992; 6(9):995-1009. DOI:10.1163/156856192X00890 · 0.96 Impact Factor