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ABSTRACT: Platelet activating factor (PAF), a potent inflammatory mediator, seems to play a significant role in the pathogenesis of otitis media with effusion (OME), along with other inflammatory mediators such as leukotrienes and prostaglandins. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of PAF on the vascular permeability of middle ear mucosa, in an experimental OME model using chinchillas. We injected PAF in doses of 1, 4, 8, and 16 micrograms and normal saline as a control into the bullae of chinchillas. Vascular permeability was measured by the Evans blue vital dye technique. All the PAF-injected animals showed a significant increase in middle ear vascular permeability compared to the control group. This study demonstrated that PAF in the middle ear cavity contributes significantly to the development of OME by increasing the vascular permeability of the middle ear mucosa.
The Annals of otology, rhinology, and laryngology 08/1997; 106(7 Pt 1):604-7. · 1.21 Impact Factor