Weiping Hou

Third Military Medical University, Ch’ung-ch’ing-shih, Chongqing Shi, China

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Publications (6)15.14 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Nephrotoxicity is a common complication of cisplatin chemotherapy and thus limits the use of cisplatin in clinic. The purinergic 2X7 receptor (P2X7R) plays an important roles in inflammation and apoptosis in some inflammatory diseases; however, its roles in cisplatin-induced nephrotoxicity remain unclear. In this study, we first assessed the expression of P2X7R in cisplatin-induced nephrotoxicity in C57BL/6 mice, and then we investigated the changes of renal function, histological injury, inflammatory response, and apoptosis in renal tissues after P2X7R blockade in vivo using an antagonist A-438079. Moreover, we measured the changes of nod-like receptor family, pyrin domain containing proteins (NLRP3) inflammasome components, oxidative stress, and proapoptotic genes in renal tissues in cisplatin-induced nephrotoxicity after treatment with A-438079. We found that the expression of P2X7R was significantly upregulated in the renal tubular epithelial cells in cisplatin-induced nephrotoxicity compared with that of the normal control group. Furthermore, pretreatment with A-438079 markedly attenuated the cisplatin-induced renal injury while lightening the histological damage, inflammatory response and apoptosis in renal tissue, and improved the renal function. These effects were associated with the significantly reduced levels of NLRP3 inflammasome components, oxidative stress, p53 and caspase-3 in renal tissues in cisplatin-induced nephrotoxicity. In conclusions, our studies suggest that the upregulated activity of P2X7R might play important roles in the development of cisplatin-induced nephrotoxicity, and P2X7R blockade might become an effective therapeutic strategy for this disease.
    Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology 10/2014; 281(1). DOI:10.1016/j.taap.2014.09.016 · 3.63 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Indoleamine 2, 3-dioxygenase (IDO), a heme-containing dioxygenase, can catalyze tryptophan degradation and produce a local microenvironment with tryptophan depletion and tryptophan metabolites accumulation, which may suppress T cell-mediated immunity and play an important immunosuppressive role in many diseases. Previous studies suggested that tryptophan depletion is an important immunosuppressive mechanism of IDO, while recent evidence shows that tryptophan metabolites may also be useful for inducing the T cell immune tolerance. However, it remains unclear whether tryptophan catabolites play a protective role in anti-glomerular basement membrane (anti-GBM) glomerulonephritis (GN), which is a type 1 T-helper (Th1)-mediated autoimmune disease. We examined the effect of tryptophan catabolites, 3-hydroxykynurenine acid and 3-hydroxyanthranilic acid, on renal injury in experimental autoimmune glomerulonephritis (EAG) of Wistar-Kyoto rats and explored their protective mechanism. Treatment by either 3-hydroxyanthranilic acid or 3-hydroxykynurenic acid attenuated the kidney disease of EAG rats, with decreased glomerular histological injury and inflammatory cell infiltration, lightened urinary protein, and improved renal function compared to phosphate buffered saline-treated EAG rats. This was associated with significantly increased apoptosis and decreased proliferation of splenic activated T cells in vivo, inducing the deviation of cytokines of antigen-special T cells from Th1 to Th2. Tryptophan metabolites play an important immunosuppressive role in the development of anti-GBM GN and might offer a new strategy for treating this disease.
    Journal of nephrology 02/2014; 27(1):19-28. DOI:10.1007/s40620-013-0020-5 · 2.00 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Neutral endopeptidase (NEP) is the first target antigen identified on podocytes in human membranous nephropathy (MN). Cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTLs) are considered essential for glomerular destruction in MN model. The aim of this study was to show that the CTL epitopes of NEP could be used to design more effective and better tolerated therapies. The CTL epitopes of NEP were screened using the long-distance prediction system SYFPEITHI and the Bioinformatics and Molecular Analysis Section of the MHC Peptide Binding Predictions program. Peptides were synthesized and immunoreactivity was assessed by peptide-MHC-binding affinity assay, cytotoxicity assay and HLA-A2.1/Kb transgenic mice immunization. Five candidates were identified according to the high scores generated by the computer predicting system. Peptide NEP(375-383) (FIMDLVSSL), which up-regulated HLA-A2.1 molecular expression, showed a high affinity to HLA-A2.1, whereas NEP(268-276), NEP(297--305) and NEP(492-500) (QLALEMNKV, MLLYNKMRL and KLNNEYLEL) showed a moderate affinity and NEP(559-567) (ILQPPFFSA) only had a low affinity. Cytotoxicity assay further showed that NEP(268-276) and NEP(375-383) could induce NEP-specific CTL responses in vitro. Unexpectedly, we found that a single CTL epitope, NEP(375-383), could induce proteinuria and glomerular injury in HLA-A2.1/K(b) transgenic mice in vivo. HLA-A*0201-restricted CTL epitope NEP(375-383) can serve as a potential candidate for designing MN vaccine.
    Immunologic Research 04/2012; 52(3):231-9. DOI:10.1007/s12026-012-8330-6 · 3.53 Impact Factor
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    Weiping Hou · Suzhi Li · Yinping Wu · Xiang Du · Fahuan Yuan
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    ABSTRACT: Immunomodulatory enzyme indoleamine 2, 3-dioxygenase (IDO) is one of the initial and rate-limiting enzymes involved in the catabolism of the essential amino acid tryptophan. Via catalysing tryptophan degradation, IDO suppresses adaptive T cell-mediated immunity and plays an important role in various forms of immune tolerance. Its role in T helper type 1 (Th1)-directed, cell-mediated crescentic glomerulonephritis (GN) is still unclear. Therefore, we investigated the activity and role of IDO in crescentic GN using a model of nephrotoxic serum nephritis (NTN), and IDO activity was inhibited by 1-methyl-tryptophan (1-MT) in vivo. Our results showed that activity of IDO, as determined by high performance liquid chromatography analysis of the kynurenine/tryptophan ratio, was increased markedly in the serum and renal tissue of NTN mice, and immunohistochemistry revealed that expression of IDO was up-regulated significantly in glomeruli and renal tubular epithelial cells during NTN. Treatment with 1-MT resulted in significantly exacerbated kidney disease with increased glomerular crescent formation, accumulation of CD4(+)T cells and macrophages in renal tissue, and augmented renal injury compared with phosphate-buffered saline-treated NTN mice, which was associated with enhanced Th1 responses and intrarenal cellular proliferation. These findings suggest that the development of NTN was regulated negatively by increased IDO activity, and IDO might play an important role in the pathogenesis of crescentic GN.
    Clinical & Experimental Immunology 04/2009; 156(2):363-72. DOI:10.1111/j.1365-2249.2009.03902.x · 3.28 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Sinomenine has been used to treat autoimmune diseases for centuries. However, the mechanism underlying its therapeutic effects remains unknown. Increasing recognition of the importance of the Th1/Th2 imbalance in nephritis has raised the questions of whether there is a Th1/Th2 imbalance in patients with mesangial proliferative nephritis (MsPGN) and whether sinomenine can modulate the Th1/Th2 imbalance. In this study, 25 MsPGN patients were treated with sinomenine and followed for 3 months. The expression of T-bet and GATA-3 mRNA in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) and the serum levels of interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma), interleukin (IL)-4, and IL-10 were studied at month 0, month 1, and month 3. The intra-renal expression of T-bet and GATA-3 was studied via immunohistochemistry. Results reveal that PBMCs from MsPGN patients expressed high levels of T-bet mRNA and low levels of GATA-3 mRNA, and the T-bet/GATA-3 ratio in MsPGN patients was significantly higher than that in healthy donors. Meanwhile, MsPGN patients were found to have simultaneously elevated IFN-gamma values and decreased IL-10 values. Immunohistochemistry revealed increased T-bet and decreased GATA-3 expression in renal tissues from MsPGN patients. Moreover, sinomenine was found to cause a decrease in T-bet mRNA expression, resulting in a drop in the T-bet/GATA-3 ratio. Sinomenine was also found to elicit a decrease in the serum levels of IFN-gamma. These results suggest that a shift toward the Th1 pathway of Th cell activation occurs in MsPGN patients, and that sinomenine has the potential to counter this shift in the Th1/Th2 balance and thereby produce therapeutic effects.
    International immunopharmacology 04/2009; 9(7-8):894-9. DOI:10.1016/j.intimp.2009.03.014 · 2.71 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate the feasibility of reconstruction of urothelium tissue in vivo using tissue-engineering technique. The urothelium cells were obtained from young rabbit, bladder by mechanical and enzyme digested methods. After expanded in vitro, the 4th to 5th generation urothelium cells were seeded onto the surface of 8 Polylatical/glycolic acid copolymer polymer, the polymer matrix without seeding cells served as control group. A total of 8 cell-polymer scaffolds and 4 simply scaffolds were separately implanted into subcutaneous pockets of athymic mice. The experiment groups included cell-polymer scaffolds 4 weeks and cell-polymer scaffolds 8 weeks. The control group included simply scaffold 4 weeks and simply scaffold 8 weeks. After 4 and 8 weeks, the specimens were obtained and examined by gross inspection, histologically and immunohistochemically. The results of HE and Masson staining showed that the polymer were covered by urothelium cells layers and cells layers increased markley in experimental group. Immunocytochemical studies revealed that the cells were stained positively for anti-cytokeratins (AE1/AE3) in experimental group. Fiber tissue deposition were found on the surface of polymers in control group by HE and Masson staining. Immunocytochemical staining of implants showed the negative result for cytokeratins in control group. It is feasibility that reconstruction of urothelium tissue using tissue-engineering technique,which provides basic understandings for further development of the bladder and ureteral tissue engineered research.
    Zhongguo xiu fu chong jian wai ke za zhi = Zhongguo xiufu chongjian waike zazhi = Chinese journal of reparative and reconstructive surgery 04/2006; 20(3):213-6.