ABSTRACT: To learn the current neglected situation and its impact factors on rural children in two provinces in Western China.
The investigation was conducted by using multistage stratified cluster sampling method in some parts of the Shaanxi province and the city of Chongqing.
1488 subjects, aged from 0 to 6, were recruited in the present study. Results showed that the total prevalence rates of neglected rural children in the two research sites were 31.59% and 48.32 respectively. No significant difference was found on the prevalence of neglected for boys and girls (χ(2) = 0.86, U = 1.51, P > 0.05). The degrees of negligence in the older children showed a significant increase than in the younger children (χ(2) = 13.36, F = 33.45, P < 0.05). The prevalence and degree of negligence in families with three generations were lower than that of a single-parent families and remarried families (H = 10.03, F = 2.83, P < 0.05). The one-child-families were significantly lower than multiple children families, both in terms of prevalence and degree of negligence. Our data demonstrated the degrees of negligence in children whose parents were away from home, were higher than the children whose parents stayed with them (χ(2) = 30.30, U = 6.76, P < 0.05). The degree of negligence in Shaanxi was lower than that in Chongqing (χ(2) = 9.42, U = 8.40, P < 0.05). Based on multivariate non-conditional logistic regression analysis, the determinants of stunting among the stranded children were as follows: parents were away from home (OR = 1.54, 95%CI: 1.20 - 1.97); structure of the family (OR = 1.38, 95%CI: 1.16 - 1.65); father's occupation (OR = 0.87, 95%CI: 0.78 - 0.97); schooling of the children's mother (OR = 1.27, 95%CI: 1.07 - 1.52); relationship between children and their fathers (OR = 1.43, 95%CI: 1.07 - 1.91) etc.
The situation of negligence in children living in the rural areas, were serious in Shaanxi and Chongqing provinces, which called for the strengthening on the publicity and education of the issue. School and the society should also pay more attention to this problem.
Zhonghua liu xing bing xue za zhi = Zhonghua liuxingbingxue zazhi 02/2012; 33(2):145-9.
ABSTRACT: To understand the children neglect situation of left-behind children (children who do not grow up with their parents) and non-left-behind children in China's western rural and its influencing factors.
Scales and evaluation methods in the "Chinese rural child neglected evaluation model" were used in this study. The investigation was conducted by using multistage stratified cluster sampling method; three countries were sampled randomly in Shanxi and Chongqing in November 2010, respectively. And, in every county, children from rural area aged from zero to six were randomly selected, with neglect rate and degree to describe their neglected status, using logistic regression analysis to analyze factors affecting the neglect rate.
Among 1568 subjects (859 left-behind and 709 living-with-parents), the total neglect rates were 29.78% (467/1568), and the total neglect degrees were 48.51 ± 6.49; the neglect rates for left-behind ones and living-with parents ones were 34.34% (295/859) and 24.26% (172/709) (P < 0.05); the neglect degree were 49.59 ± 6.54 and 47.19 ± 6.18 (P < 0.05). The neglect degree among left-behind ones and living-with parents ones between 0 to 2 years old were 48.59 ± 6.33 and 45.78 ± 5.94 (P < 0.05); in 3 to 6 years old group, which were 50.43 ± 6.60 and 48.25 ± 6.16(P < 0.05). The degrees in boy's group of these two kinds of children were 49.83 ± 6.67, 47.36 ± 6.28(P < 0.05) and girl's were 49.32 ± 6.38, 47.01 ± 6.08 (P < 0.05). On the other side, the neglect rate of left-behind and non-left-behind children between 0 to 2 years old were 39.33% (153/389) and 18.54% (56/302) (P < 0.05). The rates of boy's group were 34.91% (162/464) and 25.13% (94/374) (P < 0.05), and girl's were 33.67% (133/395) and 23.28% (78/335) (P < 0.05). Results showed that if the left-behind child's father was with lower education background, and the child and his mother feel stranger to each other, which led to the conclusion there was more chance for them to be neglected (OR values were 1.29 and 1.55, P < 0.05). If the non-neglected child's father was famer or migrant worker and the relationship between the mother and father was poor, then there was more chance for them to be neglected (OR values were 0.85 and 1.92, P < 0.05).
The situation of children neglect in the western rural regions in China is serious. Both the neglect rate and degree among left-behind children are higher than those living-with-parents children. The influencing factors of neglect rate are different in the two groups.
Zhonghua yu fang yi xue za zhi [Chinese journal of preventive medicine] 01/2012; 46(1):38-41.
ABSTRACT: To learn the current situation of children neglect and its influencing factors among children aged from 0 - 6 years in rural Chongqing.
Scales and evaluation methods in the "Chinese rural child neglected evaluation model" were used in this study. The investigation was conducted by using multistage stratified cluster sampling method in December 2010, and 822 rural children aged 0 to 6 years of three districts in Chongqing were randomly select for the survey, with neglect rate and the neglect degree to describe their neglect status, using logistic regression analysis to analyze factors affecting children neglect.
The total neglect rate and the neglect degree in the rural children were 35.64% (293/822) and 49.69 ± 6.45, respectively. The neglect degree in boys was higher than that of girls (boys: 50.23 ± 6.40 vs girls: 49.09 ± 6.47, P < 0.05). Further, Our data demonstrated both the neglect rate and the neglect degrees in children whose parents away from home were higher than that of the children whose parents stayed with them (neglect rate: 40.48% (202/499) vs 28.17% (91/323), P < 0.05; neglect degree: 50.64 ± 6.29 vs 48.23 ± 6.44, P < 0.05). Based on multivariate unconditional logistic regression analysis, the determinants of children neglect were: parents were away from home (OR = 1.61, 95%CI: 1.17 - 2.21), single mother and remarried family (OR = 1.39, 95%CI: 1.10 - 1.76), maternal occupation(OR = 0.81, 95%CI: 0.73 - 0.90), estrangement relationship between children and their mothers (OR = 1.42, 95%CI: 1.02 - 1.97).
The neglect situation of rural children is serious in Chongqing, and the main factors are parents away from home, single mother and remarried family, maternal occupation, and estrangement relationship between children and their mothers.
Zhonghua yu fang yi xue za zhi [Chinese journal of preventive medicine] 01/2012; 46(1):33-7.