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ABSTRACT: Accumulation of advanced glycation end products (AGEs) has been implicated in the development of diabetic nephropathy. We investigated the effects of Pu-erh tea on AGE accumulation associated with diabetic nephropathy. Although it did not affect blood glucose levels and insulin sensitivy, Pu-erh tea treatment for 8 weeks attenuated the increases in urinary albumin, serum creatinine, and mesangial matrix in db/db mice. We found that Pu-erh tea prevented diabetes-induced accumulation of AGEs and led to a decreased level of receptor for AGE expression in glomeruli. Both production and clearance of carbonyl compounds, the main precursor of AGE formation, were probably attenuated by Pu-erh tea in vivo independent of glyoxalase I expression. In vitro, HPLC assay demonstrated Pu-erh tea could trap methylglyoxal in a dose-dependent manner. Our study raises the possibility that inhibition of AGE formation by carbonyl trapping is a promising approach to prevent or arrest the progression of diabetic complications.
Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 04/2012; 60(16):4102-10. · 2.91 Impact Factor