Kiyoshi Yasui

Shionogi & Co., Ltd., Ōsaka, Ōsaka, Japan

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Publications (29)90.55 Total impact

  • [show abstract] [hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Topical application of imiquimod (IMQ), a Toll-like receptor (TLR)7 ligand, can induce and exacerbate psoriasis, a chronic inflammatory skin disorder. In a mouse model of IMQ-induced psoriasis-like skin inflammation, T-helper (Th)17 cells and interleukin (IL)-17/IL-22-producing γδ-T cells have been shown to play a pivotal role. However, the mechanisms of induction of the Th17 pathway and development of psoriasis-like skin inflammation by IMQ treatment remain unclear. In this study, we investigated pathogenic mechanisms of IMQ-induced psoriasis-like skin inflammation in mice. We first confirmed that, together with an increase in IL-17 and IL-22 production, application of IMQ to mouse skin induced the expression of cytokines required for activation of the Th17 pathway, and pro-inflammatory mediators involved in the pathology of psoriasis. Analysis of Tlr7(-/-) mice demonstrated that most of the in vivo effects of IMQ were mediated via TLR7. In an in vitro study using plasmacytoid dendritic cells (DCs), IMQ induced production of interferon (IFN)-α, IL-23, IL-6 and tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α. Furthermore, when we analyzed in vitro-generated bone marrow-derived DCs with features similar to TNF-α and inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS)-producing DCs, IL-23, IL-6, IL-1β, TNF-α and iNOS/NO production was weakly induced by IMQ alone and further enhanced after co-stimulation with IMQ and IFN-α. These in vitro effects of IMQ were also mediated via TLR7 and the synergistic effect of IMQ, and IFN-α was suggested to be caused by upregulation of TLR7 expression by IFN-α. These results demonstrate part of the mechanism by which the Th17 pathway and psoriasis-like skin inflammation are induced by IMQ and IFN-α in a mouse model.
    The Journal of Dermatology 01/2014; · 1.77 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The Kv1.3 voltage-gated potassium channel is selectively upregulated upon activation in effector memory T (TEM ) cells in inflamed tissue, and plays an important role in maintenance of T-cell activation. Although Kv1.3 blockers have been shown to ameliorate allergic contact dermatitis (ACD) in a rat model, it remains unknown whether the effect of Kv1.3 blockers on ACD is mediated by suppressing TEM cell function and/or whether naive T-cells or central memory T (TCM ) cells are influenced. To analyse the detailed mechanism of Kv1.3 blockers in a rat model of ACD. We examined the effects of a Kv1.3 blocker on inflammation and production of the effector cytokine interferon (IFN)-γ in inflamed tissue in rat ACD. Single-cell suspensions were isolated from inflamed rat ears (TEM cells), and regional lymph nodes (naive T/TCM cells), and the effect of Kv1.3 blockers on anti-CD3-stimulated IFN-γ production in vitro was measured. The Kv1.3 blocker significantly suppressed ear inflammation and IFN-γ production at the protein level in vivo. It also suppressed in vitro IFN-γ production from TEM cells from inflamed tissues, but did not suppress the function of naive T/TCM cells from lymph nodes. We found that the Kv1.3 blocker ameliorated ACD by inhibiting TEM cell functions only, thus Kv1.3 blockers could be a potentially selective therapeutic agent for TEM cell-mediated inflammatory skin diseases without producing harmful side-effects.
    Clinical and Experimental Dermatology 12/2013; 38(8):897-903. · 1.33 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The transient receptor potential channel vanilloid subfamily V, member 3 (TRPV3), which functions as a thermosensor in keratinocytes, plays an important role in the development of allergic and itchy dermatitis in rodents. Although real-time PCR analysis using lesional and nonlesional skin samples from patients with atopic dermatitis showed that TRPV3 was expressed in lesional skin, the role that TRPV3 plays in patients with dermatitis is still relatively obscure. Here, we determined whether TRPV3 was a dendritic cell (DC) modulator using DS-Nh mice with a gain-of-function mutation in TRPV3 (TRPV3gly573ser), because increasing skin temperature is associated with the modulation of dermal dendritic cells (DCs). Interestingly, increased responses to haptens by skin and DCs were observed in DS-Nh mice compared with those from DS mice with wild-type TRPV3. Increased thymic stromal lymphopoietin (TSLP) responses were also observed in keratinocytes from DS-Nh mice compared with those from DS mice. Taken together, we propose that the DS-Nh mouse is a good model to use in order to better understand the role of this orphan channel, and that TRPV3 may represent a new therapeutic target in certain types of dermatitis through control of DCs. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
    Experimental Dermatology 10/2013; · 3.58 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The CB2 receptor has emerged as a potential target for the treatment of pruritus as well as pain without CB1-mediated side effects. We previously identified 2-pyridone derivatives 1 and 2 as potent CB2 agonists; however, this series of compounds was found to have unacceptable pharmacokinetic profiles with no significant effect in vivo. To improve these profiles, we performed further structural optimization of 1 and 2, which led to the discovery of bicyclic 2-pyridone 18e with improved CB2 affinity and selectivity over CB1. In a mouse pruritus model, 18e inhibited compound 48/80 induced scratching behavior at a dose of 100mg/kg. In addition, the docking model of 18e with an active-state CB2 homology model indicated the structural basis of its high affinity and selectivity over CB1.
    Bioorganic & medicinal chemistry 03/2013; · 2.82 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Selective CB2 agonists have the potential for treating pain without central CB1-mediated adverse effects. Screening efforts identified 1,2-dihydro-3-isoquinolone 1; however, this compound has the drawbacks of being difficult to synthesize with two asymmetric carbons on an isoquinolone scaffold and of having a highly lipophilic physicochemical property. To address these two major problems, we designed the 2-pyridone-based lead 15a, which showed moderate affinity for CB2. Optimization of 15a led to identification of 39f with high affinity for CB2 and selectivity over CB1. Prediction of the binding mode of 39f in complex with an active-state CB2 homology model provided structural insights into its high affinity for CB2.
    Bioorganic & medicinal chemistry 01/2013; · 2.82 Impact Factor
  • Journal of Investigative Dermatology 04/2012; 132(8):2109-12. · 6.19 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Our lead compound 1 showed high affinity for both CB1 and CB2 receptors, suggesting the possibility of inducing psychoactive side effects through the CB1 receptor in the brain. To solve this issue, polar functional groups were introduced at the 3-position of the pyridone core of compound 1 to find CB1/2 dual agonists such as 17 and 20 which did not show any CNS side effects.
    Bioorganic & medicinal chemistry letters 03/2012; 22(8):2894-7. · 2.65 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The discovery of novel CB2 ligands based on the 3-carbamoyl-2-pyridone derivatives by adjusting the size of side chain at 1-, 5- and 6-position is reported. The structure-activity relationship around this template lead to the identification of S-777469 as a selective CB2 receptor agonist, which exhibited the significant inhibition of scratching induced by Compound 48/80 at 1.0 mg/kg po and 10 mg/kg po (55% and 61%, respectively).
    Bioorganic & medicinal chemistry letters 03/2012; 22(8):2803-6. · 2.65 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The optimization of a series of 3-carbamoyl 2-pyridone derivatives as CB agonists is reported. These efforts resulted in the discovery of 3-(2-(1-(cyclohexylmethyl)-2-oxo-1,2,5,6,7,8,9,10-octahydrocycloocta[b]pyridine-3-carboxamido)thiazol-4-yl)propanoic acid (21), a potent dual CB1/CB2 agonist without CNS side effects induced by CB1 receptor activation. It exhibited strong inhibition of scratching as a 1.0% acetone solution in the pruritic model.
    Bioorganic & medicinal chemistry letters 02/2012; 22(8):2898-901. · 2.65 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: While inhaled glucocorticoids are the best treatment for the majority of chronic asthmatics, there is a small group who do not respond to these drugs or whose disease can only be controlled by high doses of oral glucocorticoids with risks of severe side effects. Therefore, a safe novel anti-asthmatic agent which has a different mechanism from that of glucocorticoids is needed for the management of asthma. We have previously shown that an orally active prostanoid DP receptor antagonist, S-5751, had potent anti-inflammatory effects in guinea pig and sheep asthma models. In this study, using a rat asthma like model, we found that lung neutrophilia and proinflammatory cytokine secretion as well as bronchial hyperresponsiveness and lung eosinophilia were induced by repeated antigen-inhalations after antigen-sensitization. These symptoms are similar to the pathogenesis of symptomatic asthma. Orally-administered prostanoid DP receptor antagonists S-5751 and pinagladin significantly suppressed not only bronchial hyperresponsiveness and lung eosinophilia but also neutrophilia and mucus secretion in the lung, while oral prednisolone inhibited only bronchial hyperresponsiveness and eosinophil infiltration. In addition, prostanoid DP receptor antagonists significantly suppressed interleukin (IL)-1β, IL-6 and CXCL1 mRNA in contrast to suppression of IL-4 and CCL11 mRNA by prednisolone. The majority of prostanoid DP receptor-expressing cells in both rat and human asthmatic lungs are infiltrative macrophages and/or monocytes. These results suggest that prostanoid DP receptor antagonists utilize different mechanisms from glucocorticoids, and that they would be a novel alternative and/or combination drug for asthma therapy.
    European journal of pharmacology 05/2011; 666(1-3):233-41. · 2.59 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Prostaglandin (PG) D(2) is the major cylooxygenase metabolite released by mast cells upon allergen stimulation, and elicits responses through either the prostanoid DP1 receptor and/or the chemoattractant receptor homologous molecule expressed on T-helper type 2 (Th2) cells (CRTH2/DP2). Experimental evidence suggests that stimulation of one or both these receptors contributes to asthma pathophysiology. The aim of this study was to test the hypothesis that the prostanoid DP1 receptor contributes to asthma pathophysiology by determining the efficacy of an orally active antagonist for this receptor, S-5751, on allergen-induced bronchoconstriction, airway hyperresponsiveness (AHR) and cellular inflammation in the sheep model of asthma. PGD(2)-induced cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) production in platelet-rich plasma was used to establish the in vitro efficacy of S-5751. In vivo, sheep naturally allergic to Ascaris suum were challenged with an aerosolized antigen with and without S-5751 treatment (given 4 days before and for 6 days after the challenge). S-5751 inhibited PGD(2)-induced cAMP production in platelet-rich plasma with an IC(50) value of 0.12 microm. S-5751 at 30 mg/kg, but not at 3 mg/kg, reduced the early bronchoconstriction and inhibited the late bronchoconstriction. AHR and inflammatory cell infiltration in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid at days 1 and 7 were also inhibited with the 30 mg/kg dose. The responses observed with S-5751 at 30 mg/kg were comparable with those with montelukast treatment (0.15 mg/kg, twice a day, intravenous); however, S-5751 did not block inhaled leukotrieneD(4)-induced broncoconstriction. Prostanoid DP1 receptor inhibition may represent an alternative target for asthma therapy.
    Clinical & Experimental Allergy 06/2009; 39(9):1404-14. · 4.79 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Recently, we have reported that the pathophysiological features of dermatitis induced by the repeated application with Dermatophagoides farinae (Df) extract ointment in NC/Nga mice were similar to those observed in the patients with atopic dermatitis. In the present study, we first examined whether the application of Df in other mouse strains could induce dermatitis. The repeated application of Df body (Dfb) ointment to the barrier-disrupted back of ICR, C57BL/6, and Balb/c mice did not cause any apparent skin lesions, although transient increase in serum immunoglobulin E (IgE) levels during antigen application was observed. On the other hand, in NC/Nga mice, dermatitis scores and serum IgE levels increased remarkably, and then these changes sustained for at least 10 days after stopping of antigen elicitation. Using NC/Nga mice, we investigated the contribution of scratching behavior to the development and maintenance of Dfb-induced dermatitis. In correlation with the increase in scratching behavior, erythema, hemorrhage, edema, scarring, erosion and excoriation were observed. Cutting off the hind toenails of mice exhibiting chronic skin lesions dramatically alleviated the dermatitis. From these findings, the onset of skin lesions and its chronically sustained course in Dfb-induced dermatitis in NC/Nga mice were closely associated with increased scratching behavior.
    Archives for Dermatological Research 12/2008; 301(10):739-46. · 2.71 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We discovered a novel dihydroorotate dehydrogenase (DHO-DH) inhibitor, S-2678 ([2-fluoro-2',5'-dimethyl-4'-[6-(3-methyl-2-butenyloxy) pyridin-3-yl] biphenyl-4-yl]-(3-methyl-2-butenyl) amine). Its inhibitory activity against DHO-DH was more potent than that of A77 1726, an active metabolite of the anti-rheumatic drug leflunomide. S-2678 suppressed immunoglobulin production in mouse B cells and human peripheral blood mononuclear cells in vitro, with little or no inhibition of cell proliferation, probably through inhibition of class switch recombination in the immunoglobulin heavy chain loci in B cells. In vivo antibody production induced by systemic immunization with ovalbumin was dramatically suppressed by oral administration of S-2678, without any toxicological signs. However, S-2678 did not affect T-cell activation in vitro, and cytokine production induced by intravenous anti-CD3 antibody in mice. S-2678 did not affect host defense in a mouse model of Candida infection, whereas leflunomide severely impaired it. In conclusion, S-2678 selectively acts on B cells, resulting in antibody production, which suggests that it is useful for the treatment of humoral immunity-related diseases.
    European journal of pharmacology 10/2008; 601(1-3):163-70. · 2.59 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Cytosolic phospholipase A2alpha (cPLA2alpha) preferentially hydrolyzes membrane phospholipids containing arachidonic acid, resulting in the biosynthesis of eicosanoids such as prostaglandins and leukotrienes. To examine the contribution of cPLA2alpha to skin inflammation, we evaluated the effect of (E)-N-[(2S,4R)-4-[N-(biphenyl-2-ylmethyl)-N-2-methylpropylamino]-1-[2-(2,4-difluorobenzoyl)benzoyl]pyrrolidin- 2-yl]methyl-3-[4-(2,4-dioxothiazolidin-5-ylidenemethyl) phenyl]acrylamide (RSC-3388), a potent and selective cPLA2alpha inhibitor, on 2,4,6-trinitro-1-chlorobenzene (TNCB)-induced ear inflammation and mite antigen-induced dermatitis in mice. Topical application of RSC-3388 showed a significant inhibitory activity against TNCB-induced ear swelling and eicosanoid production in mice. Comprehensive expression analysis using Gene-Chip technology and subsequent experiments concerning mRNA and protein expression demonstrated that RSC-3388 clearly reduced the levels of interleukin-1beta, macrophage inflammatory protein-1alpha (MIP-1alpha) and MIP-1beta in a TNCB-induced mouse model. In addition, RSC-3388 ointment significantly alleviated atopic dermatitis-like skin lesions induced by repeated application of mite antigen. Furthermore, increased expression of cPLA(2)alpha, assessed by anti-phospho-cPLA2alpha antibody, was observed in the skin lesions of mite-antigen-induced dermatitis. These results indicate that cPLA2alpha is involved in the development of skin inflammation in mice, and RSC-3388 is expected to be useful for the treatment of inflammatory skin disorders such as atopic dermatitis.
    Pharmacology 02/2008; 81(4):301-11. · 1.60 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We examined the role of prostanoid DP receptor in nasal blockage in an experimental allergic rhinitis model in guinea pigs. Local inhalation of prostaglandin D(2) (PGD(2)) to the nasal cavity resulted in an increase in intranasal pressure in guinea pigs actively sensitized by repeated antigen exposure but not in non-sensitized guinea pigs. Nasal hyperresponsiveness was observed when the guinea pigs were exposed to histamine and U-46619 (11alpha, 9alpha-epoxymethano-PGH(2); a thromboxane (TX) A(2) mimetic) after repeated antigen exposure. S-5751 ((Z)-7-[(1R,2R,3S,5S)-2-(5-hydroxybenzo[b]thiophen-3-ylcarbonylamino)-10-norpinan-3-yl]hept-5-enoic acid), a prostanoid DP receptor antagonist, inhibited not only PGD(2)-induced nasal blockage but also nasal hyperresponsiveness to histamine and U-46619 in sensitized guinea pigs. Combined exposure of the nasal cavity of guinea pigs to an aerosol of PGD(2) with histamine or U-46619 at sub-threshold concentrations synergistically caused a marked increase in intranasal pressure. These responses were significantly suppressed by S-5751. These results suggest that PGD(2) plays a critical role in the increase in intranasal pressure via prostanoid DP receptor, probably through synergistically enhancing the nasal response with other chemical mediators released from mast cells and other inflammatory cells activated by allergens.
    European Journal of Pharmacology 02/2008; 578(2-3):286-91. · 2.59 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Atopic dermatitis is a chronically relapsing inflammatory skin disease. Animal models induced by relevant allergens play a very important role in the elucidation of the disease. The patients with atopic dermatitis are highly sensitized with mite allergens such as Dermatophagoides farinae (Df). Therefore, in the present study, we tried to develop a novel model for atopic dermatitis by repeated application with Df extract ointment. Df extract ointment was repeatedly applied to the back of NC/Nga mice together with barrier disruption. Atopic dermatitis-like skin lesions were evaluated by dermatitis scores, skin histology and immunological parameters. The effect of corticosteroid and calcineurin inhibitor was also examined. Repeated application of Df extract ointment caused rapid increase in dermatitis scores. Clinical (skin dryness, erythema, edema and erosion) and histological symptoms (dermal and epidermal thickening, hyperkeratosis, parakeratosis and inflammatory cell infiltration) in this model were very similar to those in human atopic dermatitis. Serum total and Df-specific IgE levels were elevated in this model compared with normal mice, and draining lymph node cells isolated from the mice that exhibited dermatitis produced significant amounts of interleukin-5, interleukin-13 and interferon-gamma after re-stimulation with Df. Furthermore, current first-line drugs for the treatment of human atopic dermatitis, corticosteroid and tacrolimus ointments, were effective against the clinical and histological symptoms in this model. These results suggest that the model we have established is useful for not only elucidating the pathogenesis of atopic dermatitis but also for evaluating therapeutic agents.
    Allergology International 07/2007; 56(2):139-48.
  • Kiyoshi Yasui, Akinori Arimura
    07/2004: pages 163 - 178; , ISBN: 9780470020623
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    ABSTRACT: Novel prostaglandin D(2) (PGD(2)) receptor antagonists were synthesized as a potential new class of antiallergic agents having a bicyclo[2.2.1]heptane ring system with sulfonamide groups. Some of them exhibit extremely potent antagonism of the PGD(2) receptor in radioligand binding and cAMP formation assays with IC(50) values below 50 nM and much less antagonism of TXA(2) and PGI(2) receptors. These potent PGD(2) receptor antagonists, when given orally, dramatically suppress various allergic inflammatory responses such as increased vascular permeability in allergic rhinitis, conjunctivitis, and asthma models. The excellent pharmacological profiles of PGD(2) receptor antagonists, originally synthesized in our laboratories, are of potentially great clinical significance. This study also provides experimental evidence suggesting that PGD(2) plays an important role in the pathogenesis of allergic diseases.
    Journal of Medicinal Chemistry 07/2003; 46(12):2436-45. · 5.61 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In an earlier paper, we reported that novel prostaglandin D(2) (PGD(2)) receptor antagonists having the bicyclo[2.2.1]heptane ring system as a prostaglandin skeleton were a potent new class of antiallergic agents and suppressed various allergic inflammatory responses such as those observed in conjunctivitis and asthma models. In the present study, we synthesized PGD(2) receptor antagonists having the 6,6-dimethylbicyclo[3.1.1]heptane ring system. These derivatives have the amide moiety, in contrast to those with the bicyclo[2.2.1]heptane ring system, which have the sulfonamide group. The derivatives having the 6,6-dimethylbicyclo[3.1.1]heptane ring also exhibited strong activity in PGD(2) receptor binding and cAMP formation assays. In in vivo assays such as allergic rhinitis, conjunctivitis, and asthma models, these series of derivatives showed excellent pharmacological profiles. In particular, compound 45 also effectively suppressed eosinophil infiltration in allergic rhinitis and asthma models. This compound (45, S-5751) is now being developed as a promising alternative antiallergic drug candidate.
    Journal of Medicinal Chemistry 07/2003; 46(12):2446-55. · 5.61 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Prostaglandin (PG) D2, the major cyclooxygenase metabolite generated from immunologically stimulated mast cells, is thought to contribute to the pathogenesis of allergic diseases due to its various inflammatory effects. However, since no DP receptor antagonist has been developed as an antiallergic drug, the role of PGD2 in the pathogenesis of allergic diseases remains uncertain. Here, we report the in vivo efficacy of our newly established DP receptor antagonist, S-5751 [((Z)-7-[(1R,2R,3S,5S)-2-(5-hydroxy benzo[b]thiophen-3-ylcarbonylamino)-10-norpinan-3-yl]hept-5- enoic acid)], using various allergic inflammation guinea pig models. In allergic rhinitis models, oral administration of S-5751 dramatically inhibited not only early nasal responses, as assessed by sneezing, mucosal plasma exudation, and nasal blockage, but also late responses such as mucosal plasma exudation and eosinophil infiltration. Even when S-5751 was administered after recovery from the early responses, these late phase responses were almost completely suppressed. In addition, S-5751 alleviated allergen-induced plasma exudation in the conjunctiva in an allergic conjunctivitis model and antigen-induced eosinophil infiltration into the lung in an asthma model. These findings provide evidence for the crucial role of PGD2 as a mediator of allergic inflammation in guinea pigs and suggest that DP receptor antagonists may be useful in the treatment of allergic diseases triggered by mast cell activation.
    Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics 09/2001; 298(2):411-9. · 3.89 Impact Factor