ABSTRACT: To study the changes of serum complement C and immunoglobulin (Ig) in sensitized guinea pigs exposed to trichloroethylene.
Thirty six white female guinea pigs (250 ∼ 300 g) were randomly divided into blank control group (5 guinea pig), solvent (olive oil) control group (5 guinea pig) and TCE treatment group (26 guinea pig). According to guinea pig maximization test (GPMT), guinea pigs were exposed to TCE. After stimulating contact for 24 h, the skin reactions of guinea pig back test area were recorded and scored. According to Skin sensitization integral, the guinea pigs treated with TCE were divided into the sensitized group (score ≥ 1) and un-sensitized group (score 0). The concentrations of serum C3, C4, IgA, IgG and IgM were detected in 24 and 72 h, respectively after the experiment.
The sensitization rates of group treated by TCE was 65.38%. The serum C3 levels of groups sensitized to TCE for 24 and 73h were 99.75 ± 1.45 and 93.28 ± 3.61g/ml, respectively, which were significantly lower than that (112.30 ± 9.10 g/ml) of solvent control group (P < 0.05). Also The serum C4 levels of groups sensitized to TCE for 24 and 73 h were 34.63 ± 2.53 and 33.82 ± 2.76g/ml, respectively, which were significantly lower than that (43.87 ± 3.65 g/ml) of solvent control group (P < 0.05). The serum IgA and IgM levels of groups sensitized to TCE and unsensitized to TCE for 24 and 72 h were significantly lower than those of solvent group (P < 0.05). as compared with unsensitized groups, the serum IgA levels of the groups sensitized to TCE for 24 and 72 h significantly decreased (P < 0.05).
After the guinea pig skin was sensitized to TCE, the serum C3, C4 levels decreased, the immune function disordered.
Zhonghua lao dong wei sheng zhi ye bing za zhi = Zhonghua laodong weisheng zhiyebing zazhi = Chinese journal of industrial hygiene and occupational diseases 09/2012; 30(9):641-4.
ABSTRACT: Recent studies have revealed that trichloroethylene (TCE) can induce occupational medicamentosa-like dermatitis (OMLD) with multi-system injuries, including liver, kidney and skin injuries, which can subsequently cause multiple organ failure later. But the mechanism of immune dysfunction leading to organ injury was rarely clarified. The present study was initiated to analyze the influence of trichloroethylene on renal injury and study the relevant mechanism in guinea pigs. Guinea pig maximization test (GPMT) was carried out. Inflammation on the guinea pigs' skin was scored. Kidney function, urine protein and ultra-structural change of kidney were determined by biochemical detection and electron microscope. Deposition of complement 3 and membrane attack complex (MAC, C5b-9) were determined by immunohistochemistry. Erythema and edema of skin impairment were observed in TCE sensitized groups, and sensitization rate was 63.16%. Through electron microscope, tubular epithelial cell mitochondrial swelling, vacuolar degeneration and atrophy of microvillus were observed in TCE sensitized groups. The parameters of urease and urinary protein elevated markedly, and a high degree of C3 and MAC deposition was found in the renal tubular epithelial cells in TCE sensitized groups. By demonstrating that TCE and its metabolites can cause the deposition of C3 and MAC in renal epithelial cells, we found that activated complement system may be the mechanism of the acceleration and the development of TCE-induced kidney disease.
Toxicology 06/2012; · 3.68 Impact Factor
ABSTRACT: This study aimed to investigate the effect of trichloroethylene (TCE) intake via drinking water on Th17 cells in mice.
Forty eight six weeks old female BALB/c mice were divided into blank control, vehicle control, 2.5 mg/ml TCE and 5.0 mg/ml TCE groups by random number table (12 mice each group), and exposed to TCE by drinking water. On the 14(th), 28(th), 56(th), 84(th) days, blood were collected and assayed for IL-17, IL-6, and TGF-β concentration in serum through ELISA. Animals were killed and spleen biopsies were taken sterilely. The proportion of Th17 cells among CD4(+) T cells and RORγt mRNA expression level in spleen were measured by FCM and real-time PCR.
In 2.5 mg/ml TCE and 5.0 mg/ml TCE group mice, Th17 cells/CD4(+) T cells in spleen were (3.46 ± 0.32)% and (5.45 ± 0.45)% on day 14, (3.47 ± 0.33)% and (4.10 ± 0.39)% on day 84, which were significantly higher than those for solvent control group at the same time point ((2.15 ± 0.20)%, (2.16 ± 0.35)%, respectively) (P < 0.01). RORγt mRNA expression levels were (1.870 ± 0.084) and (1.965 ± 0.060) on 14 day, (1.998 ± 0.079) and (2.028 ± 0.073) on day 56, which were also significantly higher than those for solvent control group at the same time point (1.77 ± 0.04 and 1.75 ± 0.09, respectively) (P < 0.05). IL-17 concentrations in serum were (32.28 ± 5.38) and (34.47 ± 5.02) pg/ml on day 14, and (34.87 ± 5.48) and (41.94 ± 6.19) pg/ml on day 28, which were significantly higher than those for solvent control group at the same time point((21.57 ± 5.23), (22.11 ± 5.11) pg/ml). IL-6 concentration in serum were (43.07 ± 6.71) and (47.86 ± 8.52) pg/ml on day14, (41.32 ± 7.04) and (46.74 ± 9.33) pg/ml on day 56, which were significantly higher than solvent control group at the same time point ((7.56 ± 7.71) and (28.26 ± 7.22) pg/ml). TGF-β concentration were (17.48 ± 3.06) and (18.93 ± 3.12) pg/ml on day 14, which did not show significant difference from solvent control group ((15.25 ± 2.95) pg/ml). Correlation analysis showed that IL-6 in serum were significantly positively correlated with the proportion of Th17 cells among CD4(+) T cells and RORγt expression level in spleen (r = 0.741, 0.765, P < 0.01).
TCE might promote the differentiation of Th17 cells and increase IL-17 secretion by inducing IL-6 and up-regulating RORγt expression together with TGF-β.
Zhonghua yu fang yi xue za zhi [Chinese journal of preventive medicine] 02/2012; 46(2):152-7.