Publications (1)0 Total impact
ABSTRACT: Light microscopic immunocytochemistry with monoclonal antibodies recognizing both murine and human light neurofilament proteins (mNF-L and hNF-L) or hNF-L only was used to examine the distribution of NF-L in the CNS of adult mice, normal or transgenic for the human gene. In normal mice, major fiber bundles were immunoreactive to the first antibody, with few exceptions such as the internal capsule, anterior commissure, and corpus callosum. Strong immunoreactivity was also present in the perikarya of motoneurons in the spinal cord and brainstem, as well as in other brainstem nuclei. Faint cell body staining was visible in layers II, III, and V of the parietal cortex and layers V and VI of the retrosplenial cingulate cortex. In transgenic mice, all forebrain as well as brainstem fiber tracts were intensely immunoreactive to both antibodies. Cell body staining was more intense than in normal mouse and involved additional forebrain and brainstem regions, including extended areas of cerebral cortex. Abnormal cell body labeling was particularly striking in several thalamic nuclei, where numerous darkly stained perikarya were considerably enlarged by accumulated immunoreactive material and exhibited eccentric and fragmented nuclei. At the electron microscopic level, these perikarya were filled with disarrayed filaments displacing all other organelles against the cytoplasmic membrane. Such aberrant accumulation of NF-L was presumably the result of an overexpression in selective subpopulations of CNS neurons. It was compatible with prolonged survival of the animal and could provide a new experimental model of neurodegenerative disease.