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ABSTRACT: We conducted a retrospective cohort study to assess respiratory colonization before and after the use of chlorhexidine oral decontamination among a cohort of intensive care unit patients who received mechanical ventilation. We observed a decrease in the prevalence of Enterobacteriaceae and an increase in the incidence of fungal colonization. Chlorhexidine oral decontamination might have a differential effect on respiratory colonization.
Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology 05/2012; 33(5):527-30. · 4.02 Impact Factor